Aspiration: /aspə’rāSH(ə)n/ Noun An Ambiguous Term Used for a Diagnosis of Uncertainty

This article reviews the literature and classifies 13 distinct syndromes, grouped into 3 categories to help delineate the different disease states associated with pulmonary aspiration. Chronic anaerobic pulmonary infection should be most precisely referred to as anaerobic pneumonia. The commonly used term, aspiration pneumonia, is misleading to clinicians and should be abandoned.
Source: Clinical Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Topics in Pulmonary Medicine Source Type: research

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This study aims to determine etiology and clinical features of bronchiectasis in Taiwan.This multi-center cohort study investigated non-CF bronchiectasis patients newly diagnosed from 2002/1/1 to 2016/12/31. The clinical data was retrieved from five medical centers across Taiwan. The index date was bronchiectasis firstly diagnosed. Known diseases that existed before the index date were regarded as etiologies of bronchiectasis.A total of 15,729 adult patients with bronchiectasis were included. Idiopathic (32%) was the most common cause, followed by post-pneumonia (24%). Other causes included post-tuberculosis (12%), chronic...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Physician-diagnosed ACO patients had highest prevalence of current-smoker and their symptoms, lung function, and eosinophil counts were between the two conditions.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Airway pharmacology and treatment Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study indicates RA-ILD among Blacks is predominantly a disease of elderly females with higher rates of GERD and CVD risk factors. Further studies are needed to identify the pathogenetic differences accounting for the gender distribution of RA-ILD among Black and White populations.Key Points•First study to assess ILD among predominantly Black RA patients.•The prevalence of RA-associated ILD was 6.36%, affecting mostly women in their sixth decade with seropositive disease.•COPD was the most common airway disease among non-RA-ILD Black population.•GERD was found in approximately one-third of ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough semi-solid nutrients have several advantages, including reduced diarrhea and gastroesophageal reflux, evidence on semi-solid nutrients via the nasogastric tube is insufficient. It should be noted that semi-solid nutrient reflux can be more fatal than liquid nutrients.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is the most frequently encountered oncogenic driver in lung cancer. Risk factors for EGFR mutation may help prevention, surveillance  and diagnosis strategies of EGFR-mutated lung cancer.
Source: European Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), a growing issue in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and pediatric medicine, is the backflow of stomach contents into the laryngopharynx. Patients present with frequent upper and/or lower respiratory tract infections and coughs, associated with acid- and pepsin-mediated injury to the mucosae of the larynx and pharynx. LPR is associated with rhinosinusitis, laryngitis, pneumonia, and asthma. Children with LPR often fail to exhibit classic gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms, or such symptoms may be intermittent.
Source: Journal of Voice - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Backgrounds: Patients with central nervous system injuries present with dysphagia and may require non-oral feeding methods, like percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, nasogastric (NG) tube, or oroesophageal (OE) tube. The prevalence of pneumonia in patients with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is significantly higher than that in patients without GER. We aimed to determine the most appropriate tube feeding with low risk of GER by comparing the results of 24-hour pH monitoring studies in patients who were administered 2 types of feeding: NG tube and OE tube. Methods: In this pilot study, 6 stroke patients underwent 24-hou...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Trial/Experimental Study Source Type: research
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and obesity are associated with frequent exacerbations and poor quality of life in people living with asthma. Multiple mechanisms have been proposed for the effect of obesity, including modification of inflammation affecting epithelial cell proliferation and wound repair, while the role of GORD is poorly understood and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are of variable efficacy. GORD might exert a deleterious effect by inducing vagal reflex, neuroinflammation and directly triggering airway inflammation (via microaspiration). Studies of reflux in animal models and human bronchial epitheli...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn the case of MED and esophageal motility disorder, POEM permitted treatment of the underlying cause of the diverticulum, achieving favorable early clinical outcomes. In the absence of motility disorder, POEM was feasible with promising early outcomes, and could be a valid alternative to surgical diverticulectomy in selected patients.
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In the case of MED and esophageal motility disorder, POEM permitted treatment of the underlying cause of the diverticulum, achieving favorable early clinical outcomes. In the absence of motility disorder, POEM was feasible with promising early outcomes, and could be a valid alternative to surgical diverticulectomy in selected patients. PMID: 31080116 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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