Contraceptive Use in the Context of Public Health Emergencies Contraceptive Use in the Context of Public Health Emergencies

The recent Zika virus outbreak highlighted the need for improved access to contraception as a public health response. How well is the US achieving this goal?Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ob/Gyn & Women ' s Health Journal Article Source Type: news

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Conclusions/significanceOur results suggest that pathogen interference inWolbachia-infectedA.aegypti is not adversely affected by ZIKV/DENV co-infection, which suggests thatWolbachia-infectedA.aegypti will likely prove suitable for controlling mosquito-borne diseases in environments with complex patterns of arbovirus transmission.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the spatiotemporal heterogeneity in the occurrence of CHIKV and ZIKV outbreaks throughout the major international seaport city of Barranquilla, Colombia in 2014 and 2016 and the potential for clustering. Incidence data were fitted using multiple Bayesian Poisson models based on multiple explanatory variables as potential risk factors identified from other studies and options for random effects. A best fit model was used to analyse their case incidence risks and identify any risk factors during their epidemics. Neighbourhoods in the northern region were hotspots for both CHIKV and ZIKV outbreaks....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
(German Center for Infection Research) The Zika virus outbreak in Latin America has affected over 60 million people up to now. The infection can have potentially fatal consequences for pregnant women and their unborn children: many children have subsequently been born with malformations of the head (microcephaly). A particularly high incidence of these Zika-associated malformations exists in northeastern Brazil. DZIF scientists from Charit é -- Universit ä tsmedizin Berlin tried to find out the reasons for this regional cluster and discovered a surprising protective factor.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(German Center for Infection Research) The Zika virus outbreak in Latin America has affected over 60 million people up to now. The infection can have potentially fatal consequences for pregnant women and their unborn children: many children have subsequently been born with malformations of the head (microcephaly). A particularly high incidence of these Zika-associated malformations exists in northeastern Brazil. DZIF scientists from Charit é -- Universit ä tsmedizin Berlin tried to find out the reasons for this regional cluster and discovered a surprising protective factor.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
JF Abstract The Zika virus outbreak in Latin America resulted in congenital malformations, called congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). For unknown reasons, CZS incidence was highest in northeastern Brazil; one potential explanation is that dengue virus (DENV)-mediated immune enhancement may promote CZS development. In contrast, our analyses of historical DENV genomic data refuted the hypothesis that unique genome signatures for northeastern Brazil explain the uneven dispersion of CZS cases. To confirm our findings, we performed serotype-specific DENV neutralization tests in a case-control framework in northeastern Bra...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research
The recent Zika virus (ZIKAV) epidemics disclosed a major public health threat and a scientific and technological (S&T) challenge. The lessons learned from the S&T response of Latin America and the Caribbean (...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
aacute; E, Konvalinka J Abstract Zika and Dengue viruses have attracted substantial attention from researchers in light of recent outbreaks of Dengue fever and increases in cases of congenital microcephaly in areas with Zika incidence. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge about Zika and Dengue proteases. These enzymes have several interesting features: 1) NS3 serine protease requires the activating co-factor NS2B, which is anchored in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum; 2) NS2B displays extensive conformational dynamics; 3) NS3 is a multidomain protein with proteolytic, NTPase, RNA 5' triph...
Source: Biochimie - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochimie Source Type: research
by Vagner Fonseca, Pieter J. K. Libin, Kristof Theys, Nuno R. Faria, Marcio R. T. Nunes, Maria I. Restovic, Murilo Freire, Marta Giovanetti, Lize Cuypers, Ann Now é, Ana Abecasis, Koen Deforche, Gilberto A. Santiago, Isadora C. de Siqueira, Emmanuel J. San, Kaliane C. B. Machado, Vasco Azevedo, Ana Maria Bispo-de Filippis, Rivaldo Venâncio da Cunha, Oliver G. Pybus, Anne-Mieke Vandamme, Luiz C. J. Alcantara, Tulio de Oliveira In recent years, an increasing number of outbreaks of Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika viruses have been reported in Asia and the Americas. Monitoring virus genotype diversity is crucial to ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Aedes aegypti is a major disease vector in urban habitats, involved in the transmission of dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Despite innumerous attempts to contain disease outbreaks, there are neither efficient vacci...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: The detection of DENV serotype 1 in an autochthonous population during this survey is a confirmation that the seaside city of Kribi is a risk area for contracting dengue infection in Cameroon.Intervirology
Source: Intervirology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
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