Contraceptive Use in the Context of Public Health Emergencies Contraceptive Use in the Context of Public Health Emergencies

The recent Zika virus outbreak highlighted the need for improved access to contraception as a public health response. How well is the US achieving this goal?Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ob/Gyn & Women ' s Health Journal Article Source Type: news

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ConclusionsOur study illustrates how surveillance data may be used in principle to answer key questions in the absence of directed epidemiological studies. However, in this case, we suggest that currently available surveillance data are insufficient to accurately estimate the gestational-age-varying risk of microcephaly from ZIKV infection. The methods used here may be of use in future outbreaks and may help to inform improved surveillance and interpretation in countries yet to experience an outbreak of ZIKV infection.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Horstick O, Boyce R, Runge-Ranzinger S Abstract This review discusses biological and chemical methods for dengue vector control, using recently emerging summary evidence, meta-analyses and systematic reviews to conclude on practical public health recommendations for Aedes control, which is increasingly relevant in an era of widespread Chikungunya, yellow feer and Zika outbreaks. The analysis follows an a priori framework of systematic reviews by the authors on vector control methods, distinguishing vector control methods into biological, chemical and environmental methods. Findings of each published system...
Source: Pathogens and Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pathog Glob Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsIAM supports implementation of the World Health Organisation Global Vector Control Response (WHO GVCR) and provides a comprehensive framework for health authorities to devise and deliver sustainable, effective, integrated, community-based, locally adapted vector control strategies in order to reduce the burden ofAedes-transmitted arboviruses. The success of IAM requires strong commitment and leadership from governments to maintain proactive disease prevention programs and preparedness for rapid responses to outbreaks.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Drones transporting sterilized male mosquitos, cybernetic dragonflies, genetically modified insects with malaria-resisting traits, supersensitive radars or digital maps: the most innovative methods are deployed in the war on the tiniest but most murderous beasts out there: mosquitos, fleas, ticks carrying infectious diseases. Here’s the latest arsenal of digital technologies to eradicate insects and reduce deadly epidemics. Unusual suspects: mosquitos, fleas, and ticks Sharks, bears, tigers, the Killer Rabbit of Caerbannog in association with sharp teeth and claws represent the traditional image of deadly animals. Ho...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Biotechnology Future of Medicine Medical Professionals Policy Makers Researchers AI big data CRISRP digital health digital maps disease disease awareness epidemics gene editing Healthcare Innovation insect mosquito prev Source Type: blogs
[Times of Zambia] British envoy Fergus Cochrane-Dyet says the misinformation by some sections of the media in his country that there is an outbreak of Zika virus in Zambia is a threat to the country's tourism sector.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Abstract The U.S. territory of American Samoa has experienced recent outbreaks of illnesses caused by viruses transmitted by Aedes species mosquitoes, including dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus. In November 2016, a traveler from the Solomon Islands tested positive for infection with dengue virus type 2 (DENV-2). Additional dengue cases were identified in the subsequent weeks through passive and active surveillance. Suspected dengue cases were tested locally with a dengue rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for DENV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1). Specimens from RDT-positive cases and patients meeting the dengue case def...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Such discussions can contribute to decision-making about prices once a Zika vaccine becomes available in Brazil alongside other ongoing programmes to control the virus. PMID: 30468095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfants with suspected antenatal ZIKV infection and reduced visual function should be referred to an ophthalmologist. Visual function assessments are helpful in screening for antenatal ZIKV exposure in resource-limited settings and can identify infants who may benefit from visual habilitation.
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
This study aimed to ascertain the knowledge of, attitudes and practices towards Zika virus disease among antenatal clinic attenders in Trinidad and Tobago during the 2016 outbreak.
Source: Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Joshi The recent outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) infections and associated microcephaly in newborns has resulted in an unprecedented effort by researchers to target this virus. Significant advances have been made in developing vaccine candidates, treatment strategies and diagnostic assays in a relatively short period of time. Being a preventable disease, the first line of defense against ZIKV would be to vaccinate the highly susceptible target population, especially pregnant women. Along those lines, several vaccine candidates including purified inactivated virus (PIV), live attenuated virus (LAV), virus like particles ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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