Non-hormonal replacement therapy regimens: do they have an effect on cardiovascular risk?

CONCLUSION: Further research is needed to produce definite conclusions regarding the cardiovascular safety of non-hormonal medications for menopausal symptoms relief. PMID: 30205798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research

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Authors: Antinozzi C, Sgrò P, Di Luigi L Abstract Among metabolic diseases, carbohydrate metabolism disorders are the most widespread. The most common glucose pathological conditions are acquired and may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, obesity, heart diseases, stroke, and kidney insufficiency. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) have long been used as an effective therapeutic option for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). Different studies have demonstrated that PDE5i, by sensitizing insulin target tissues to insulin, play an important role in controlling the action of insulin and gluco...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Authors: Gallegos-Arreola MP, Ramírez-Hernández MA, Figuera LE, Zúñiga-González GM, Puebla-Pérez AM Abstract OBJECTIVE: The rs2234694 and 50 bp insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) polymorphisms of the SOD1 gene have been shown to be associated with many diseases, but in breast cancer (BC) their association has not been detected. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and association of SOD1 gene polymorphisms (rs2234694 and 50 bp Ins/Del) in BC patients in the Mexican population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SOD1 polymorphisms were determined by Polymerase Chai...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Hirayama T, Morioka H, Fujiwara H, Iwamoto K, Kiyozuka T, Takeo H, Ikeda K, Kano O Abstract The frequency and risk of embolism by Lambl's excrescences (LEs) remain unclear. We herein report an autopsy case of LEs that caused cardioembolic stroke. A 74-year-old man with colon cancer was hospitalized for ischemic stroke. His D-dimer levels were elevated. Thus, a diagnosis of ischemic stroke with Trousseau syndrome was made. At the autopsy, we found LEs in the aortic valves and thromboembolism of the brain blood vessels. This finding demonstrated that fibrin clots had adhered to the LEs because of coagulation...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Araki K, Takeuchi R, Katada F, Fukutake T Abstract Rotatory vertigo is known to have not only peripheral causes, e.g., Meniere's disease, vestibular neuritis, and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, but also central causes, e.g., stroke, hemorrhage, and tumor. In most cases, central rotatory vertigo is caused by a lesion in the brainstem or cerebellum, but rare cases with a cerebral lesion have also been reported. We herin describe a unique case with acute rotatory vertigo following a small hemorrhage in the left superior temporal gyrus, which probably led to a dysfunction of the visual-vestibular system...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang H, Cao Y, Pei H, Wang H, Ma L, Wang Z, Diao X, Yang Y, Liu N, Wei Y, Li H Abstract Shenmayizhi formula (SMYZF) has been shown to have an effect on vascular dementia (VaD) in previous studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a combination of SMYZF with Ginkgo extract tablets improves mild-to-moderate VaD. In this 12-week, randomized, double-blind, controlled study, we randomly assigned 196 patients with VaD (aged 50-85 years) to either the SMYZF group (n = 98) or the Ginkgo group (n = 98). All patients received Ginkgo extract tablets as a basic treatment, whil...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Chang B, Kim DS, Kim S Abstract Postmenopausal women have an increased risk of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We formulated a combination of three herb mixtures (HPC03) and observed lipid-lowering efficacy. HepG2 cells were treated with oleic acid to induce an NAFLD model (in vitro). Also, we investigated potential of HPC03 in an ovariectomize- (OVX-) induced NAFLD model (in vivo). We separated the mice into six groups, as follows: SHAM, OVX, OVX + β-estradiol, and OVX + HPC03 (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg). Rats were administered with/without HPC03 f...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract As sarcoidosis may involve any organ, sarcoidosis patients should be evaluated for occult disease. Screening for some organ involvement may not be warranted if it is unlikely to cause symptoms, organ dysfunction, or affect clinical outcome. Even organ involvement that affects clinical outcome does not necessarily require screening if early detection fails to change the patient's quality of life or prognosis. On the other hand, early detection of some forms of sarcoidosis may improve outcomes and survival. This manuscript describes the approach to screening sarcoidosis patients for previously undetected di...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2020Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): Ch. Usha Kumari, A. Sampath Dakshina Murthy, B. Lakshmi Prasanna, M. Pala Prasad Reddy, Asisa Kumar Panigrahy
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
The presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease adds a further modifiable target for preablation medical optimization, researchers say.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news
Abstract Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is the most common type of systemic amyloidosis, affecting around 10 people per million per year. In Europe, approximately 5000 new diagnosis per year are reported. Deposition of amyloid fibrils derived from antibody light chains are key pathogenic agents in AL amyloidosis. They can be deposited in multiple organs but cardiac involvement carries a major risk of mortality. The prognosis is poor in cases associated with multiple myeloma. The average survival is around 1 year. Up to half of all patients with cardiac amyloidosis die suddenly; 75% ofthose deaths are due to heart fa...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research
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