Advising patients about acidic exposure and dental erosion

Dental erosion can occur after exposure to acids either in the diet or as a result of physical conditions. Extrinsic dietary acids come from foods or beverages that are consumed. Exposures to these acids can be increased by specific behaviors such as holding liquids in the mouth or swishing with them. In contrast, teeth are exposed to intrinsic acids when the patient has disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, rumination syndrome, or gastroesophageal reflux. The science supporting the role of dietary risk factors for erosion and the actions clinicians can take to protect patients at risk for erosion were explored.
Source: Dental Abstracts - Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

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Publication date: 25 April 2020Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 310Author(s): Márcio Carocho, Patricia Morales, María Ciudad-Mulero, Virginia Fernández-Ruiz, Elisabete Ferreira, Sandrina Heleno, Paula Rodrigues, Lillian Barros, Isabel C.F.R. FerreiraAbstractIn this work, the chemical and physical profile of 5 different bread types (Multicereal bread, Bavaria wheat bread, Wholemeal bread, Rye and Oat bread) were analysed in depth, namely the nutritional profile, individual fatty acids and soluble sugars through GC-FID and HPLC-RI, respectively, as well as the mineral profile, including micro and macroelem...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study, therefore, aimed to establish the effect of high-salt diet (SD) on uric acid (UA) production and the role of S. maydis in salt-induced phenotypes. Four groups of randomly selected rats (n = 5) were fed with normal rat feed, corn silk extract (500 mg/kg), SD (8%) and corn silk extract plus high-salt feed. After 6 weeks of the experimental procedure, each animal was anesthetized by exposure to chloroform vapor and blood samples collected by cardiac puncture. Data were expressed in means ± SEM and p values
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 January 2020Source: Life Sciences, Volume 241Author(s): Ekaterina Veniaminova, Margarita Oplatchikova, Lucien Bettendorff, Elena Kotenkova, Alexander Lysko, Ekaterina Vasilevskaya, Allan V. Kalueff, Liliya Fedulova, Aleksei Umriukhin, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Daniel C. Anthony, Tatyana StrekalovaAbstractAimsThe high sugar and lipid content of the Western diet (WD) is associated with metabolic dysfunction, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and it is an established risk factor for neuropsychiatric disorders. Our previous studies reported negative effects of the WD on rodent emotionality, impulsivity, and sociabil...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Lu Qin, Jinhua Xiang, Fan Xiong, Guitang Wang, Hong Zou, Wenxiang Li, Ming Li, Shangong WuAbstractTo study the effect of dietary supplementation of Bacillus licheniformis FA6 on the growth, survival and intestinal health of grass carp, we assessed the antioxidant capacity, intestinal barrier, expression levels of immune genes, and the resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila AH-1 infection. Experimental setup comprised three groups (90 specimens each; average initial weight = 16.5 g): the control group was fed the basal diet...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Amitha Kurian, Hien Van Doan, Wanaporn Tapingkae, Preetham ElumalaiAbstractThe present study aimed at evaluating the possible effects of Leucas aspera as immunostimulant on mucosal and serum immunity, as well as on growth and resistance against Streptococcus agalactiae infection in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings. In a 45 days trial, fish were fed experimental diets containing L. aspera 0 g kg−1 (Diet 1- control), 1 g kg−1 (Diet 2), 2 g kg−1(Diet 3), 4 g kg−1 (Diet 4) and 8...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the inclusion of B. velezensis TPS3N, B. subtilis TPS4, and B. amyloliquefaciens TPS17 in the diet of Nile tilapia singularly or in combination, could enhance the mucosal immunity, intestinal health, and resistance of Nile tilapia against A. hydrophila infection.
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Nan Wu, Xuan Xu, Biao Wang, Xian-Mei Li, Ying-Yin Cheng, Ming Li, Xiao-Qin Xia, Yong-An ZhangAbstractFoodborne enteritis has become a limiting factor in aquaculture. Plant protein sources have already caused enteritic inflammation and inhibition in growth performance. Attempts have been made to find an effective solution to foodborne enteritis. Based on the previously suggested fish cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, galantamine, a typical cholinesterase inhibitor, was tested for the repression of pro-inflammatory cytoki...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Abstract Tooth Erosions Associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux: Cause, Prevention and Restorative Therapy Abstract. Dental erosions are caused by the recurring contact of solutions which are unsaturated in tooth minerals,ith hard tooth substances. This initially leads to softening and later to an irreversible loss of hard tooth substance. Erosion is observed particularly with excessive consumption of acidic foods (e.g. soft drinks or citrus fruits) but also in connection with gastrointestinal (gastroesophageal reflux disease) or psychosomatic diseases (anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa). The aim of this article...
Source: Praxis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Praxis (Bern 1994) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should screen patients exhibiting dental erosion for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, rumination syndrome, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Clinicians should screen patients without a medical explanation for their erosion for exposure to acidic foods and beverages, particularly for habits that prolong exposure. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Identification of intrinsic and extrinsic acid exposures and recommendations to minimize exposures are important to prevent erosion and maintain oral health. PMID: 29389338 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Am Dent Assoc Source Type: research
The dentist may not be your favorite appointment, but it’s a necessity.  Good oral hygiene saves you from more than just tooth decay, cavities and bad breath. It is critically important because it can help prevent certain medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. And here’s something else: The state of your teeth, mouth and gums can clue your dentist into other medical issues you may need to address. By examining your mouth, your dentist can identify eating disorders, sleeping problems, anxiety, stress and more. Below are some of the things dentists can see about yo...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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