Exploring driver injury severity patterns and causes in low visibility related single-vehicle crashes using a finite mixture random parameters model

This study provides an insightful understanding of the impacts of these variables on driver injury severity outcomes in low visibility related crashes, and a beneficial reference for developing countermeasures and strategies to mitigate driver injury severities under these conditions.
Source: Analytic Methods in Accident Research - Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

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Modeling mixed fermentation of gowé using selected Lactobacillus plantarum and Pichia kluyveri strains. Food Microbiol. 2019 Dec;84:103242 Authors: Mestres C, Munanga BJC, Grabulos J, Loiseau G Abstract This paper describes a mixed fermentation model made by assembling block hosting models for the growth of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus plantarum) and a yeast strain (Pichia kluyveri), metabolic production and the physical-chemical changes which occur during the fermentation of gowé. The growth model for P. kluyveri was developed on a synthetic medium following the gamma concept tak...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated a microbiological approach to reduce wine ethanol concentration, using three non-Saccharomyces yeast strains (Metschnikowia pulcherrima, Torulaspora delbrueckii and Zygosaccharomyces bailii) in sequential fermentations with S. cerevisiae under different aeration conditions. At the same time, we evaluated the volatile profile of the resulting reduced alcohol Chardonnay wines. Results showed that the non-Saccharomyces yeasts tested were able to reduce wine ethanol concentration when oxygen was provided. Compared to S. cerevisiae wines, ethanol reduction was 1.6% v/v, 0.9% v/v and 1.0% v/v for M...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Objective: Aims were to (1) analyse the direct cost charged by a university hospital to the government and the patient in case of an admission for acute poisoning, (2) identify the factors associated with the cost, and (3) compare the cost in the ho...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Interpretation of postmortem fentanyl concentrations after transdermal application remains a challenge. There are indications that fentanyl shows relevant postmortem redistribution. The aim of this study was to investigate the time course of th...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Amanda J. Roberts, Sophia Khom, Michal Bajo, Roman Vlkolinsky, Ilham Polis, Chelsea Cates-Gatto, Marisa Roberto, Donna L. GruolAbstractAccumulating evidence from preclinical and clinical studies has implicated a role for the cytokine IL-6 in a variety of CNS diseases including anxiety-like and depressive-like behaviors, as well as alcohol use disorders. Here we use homozygous and heterozygous transgenic mice expressing elevated levels of IL-6 in the CNS due to increased astrocyte expression and non-transgenic littermates to exa...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, nanobioglass incorporated chitosan-PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) trilayer nanofibrous membrane (nBG-TFM) was fabricated via sequential electrospinning. This membrane exhibited excellent biocompatibility, antibacterial activity and regeneration promotion effect. Furthermore, spatially designed structure optimized functions of each component and provided more suitable microenvironment as compared with uniform membrane. Rat full-thickness skin defects model and mice diabetic chronic wound model showed that nBG-TFM could achieve significantly accelerated and enhanced healing, in terms of complete re-epithelialization,...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 105Author(s): Libin Pang, Yifan Shen, Haoran Hu, Xiangqiong Zeng, Wenhai Huang, Hong Gao, Hui Wang, Deping WangAbstractThe composite scaffolds of bioactive glasses and polymers are often used in bone regeneration which could improve the stiffness, compressive strength and bioactivity of polymers while maintaining the osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity of bioactive glasses. But due to complicated situations and limitations of compositing process, the prepared composite materials have low uniformity and obvious phase separation, leading t...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 November 2019Source: Materials Letters, Volume 254Author(s): Yu Wang, Fangyu Gan, Kanghua ChenAbstractThe use of rare metals as current collectors in aluminum-ion batteries is an urgent problem to be solved, so there are significant interests in the development of light-weight and high-efficiency materials as current collector. Herein, we report a polyvinyl-alcohol/graphene composite film as current collector in aluminum-ion batteries which synthesized by a simple solution method. The film containing 20 wt% graphene demonstrates high electrical conductivity up to 164S·cm−1 with ∼30 ...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to determine whether a histological risk pattern indicative of higher recurrence might be present in T1-T2 tumors located in the anterior two thirds of the tongue. For this purpose, samples from 26 patients with OSCC were analyzed and histological risk pattern of recurrent and non-recurrent tumors were compared. We have analyzed histological variables described in Anneroth and Brandwein-Gensler classifications. Additionally, we have also examined both clinical variables such as age, sex or comorbidities, as well as habits such as tobacco or alcohol consumption. We found that sex (male) and ke...
Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): R. Becerril, S. Manso, C. NerínAbstractThe influence of the growth of Aspergillus flavus and Escherichia coli on the concentration of the main compounds released by essential oils of cinnamon, clove and oregano has been studied. A diffusion vapour test and a subsequent analysis of three different areas of the plate were carried out. The results showed that in absence of microorganisms a gradient of concentration from the centre towards the periphery of the plate was observed for eugenol, carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde but not for thymol or linalool...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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