Quadrivalent Meningococcal Vaccine Uptake Among Men Who Have Sex With Men During a Meningococcal Outbreak in Los Angeles County, California, 2016-2017.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reflect low uptake of the recommended MenACWY vaccine among MSM after a local outbreak, despite public health efforts. In addition to ongoing, widespread campaigns to inform MSM about local outbreaks and vaccination recommendations, MSM may be responsive to direct outreach from peers who have been vaccinated. PMID: 30188807 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 23 February 2020Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Yunhe Jiang, Shunan Liu, Siyu Shen, Haoran Guo, Honglan Huang, Wei WeiAbstractEnterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a member of the Picornavirus family and a causative agent of respiratory diseases in children. The incidence of EV-D68 infection has increased worldwide in recent years. Thus far, there are no approved antiviral agents or vaccines for EV-D68. Here, we show that methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD), a common drug that disrupts lipid rafts, specifically inhibits EV-D68 infection without producing significant cytotoxicity at virucida...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Authors: Martínez Lozano H, Conthe Alonso A, Bañares R Abstract INTRODUCTION: hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is a common cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. Since the generalization of vaccination, its incidence had markedly declined. Nevertheless, several HAV-outbreaks have been described in the last decade, mainly related to contaminated alimentary products. In recent years, a new pattern of acute HAV infection has been described with changes in the demographic profile of the infected population, which is more common in healthy young men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: a retrospective case series stud...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Salihu S. Musa, Shi Zhao, Daozhou Gao, Qianying Lin, Gerardo Chowell, Daihai HeAbstractLassa fever, also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever, is a virus that has generated recurrent outbreaks in West Africa. We use mathematical modelling to study the Lassa fever epidemics in Nigeria from 2016-19. Our model describes the interaction between human and rodent populations with the consideration of quarantine, isolation and hospitalization processes. Our model supports the phenomenon of forward bifurcation where the stability betwee...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Here we present the case of a 50-year-old woman with acute urinary retention who was treated by the insertion of a permanent catheter. For associated headaches, fever and muscle and joint pain, the patient underwent neurologic examination, including lumbar puncture and magnetic resonance of head and spine. The results confirmed aseptic meningitis. Subsequently, the patient was hospitalized at the infectious disease clinic, where the permanent catheter was extracted after 5 days, with spontaneous micturition recovery and no post-void residual volume. The combination of aseptic meningitis and urina...
Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Neuro Endocrinol Lett Source Type: research
Moves comes after eight deaths in Iran, while in northern Italy towns are on lockdown after jump in cases3.53pmGMTWe are pausing the live blog now but will update it again is there are more major developments. There have been a lot of updates today in terms of how the coronavirus is spreading and what measures are being taken to stop it.Here is a summary of the main points.3.39pmGMTThe European Union sees “no need to panic” over a coronavirus outbreak in Italy that has killed two people and infected more than 100 in the country.The bloc ’s economic affairs commissioner, Paolo Gentiloni, said:“The EU...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news Japan South Korea Italy UK news Europe Asia Pacific Russia Infectious diseases Science Source Type: news
Ankara also suspends incoming flights as Iranian authorities try to contain outbreak in countryCoronavirus – latest updatesTurkey and Pakistan have both closed their borders with Iran, with Turkey also halting incoming flights, in an effort to stop the potential spread of coronavirus after Iran reported 43 cases of the disease.All highways and railways were closed at the border between Turkey and Iran as of 5pm local time and flights from Iran had been suspended, the Turkish health minister, Fahrettin Koca, said on Sunday. Flights from Turkey to Iran were still being allowed.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Turkey Iran Pakistan Infectious diseases Medical research Microbiology Science World news Middle East and North Africa South and Central Asia Source Type: news
Abstract Recent outbreaks of serogroup C meningococcal disease in Southern California have led the California Department of Public Health to recommend the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine (MenACWY) for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in Southern California. High-risk GBMSM have also been advised to utilize pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention. Data collected from a community-based sample of HIV-negative GBMSM in Los Angeles County (N = 476) were used in a multinomial logit regression analysis to identify patterns in MenACWY and PrEP usage and evaluate factor...
Source: Archives of Sexual Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Arch Sex Behav Source Type: research
Educators often struggle to teach teens about sexual and reproductive health. Hexacago Health Academy (HHA) , an education program from the University of Chicago, leverages the fun activity of gameplay to impart these lessons to young people from Chicago’s South Side community. Funded by the Student Education Partnership Award (SEPA), part of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), in 2015, HHA assists teachers in their goal of helping teen students gain awareness and control over their health and also learn about careers in STEM and health fields. Melissa Gilliam, founder of Ci3. Credit: Anna K...
Source: Biomedical Beat Blog - National Institute of General Medical Sciences - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Computers in Biology Infectious Disease Training Source Type: blogs
Evidence from a mass vaccination campaign for an outbreak of bacterial meningitis in New Zealand had unexpected results: reduced rates of the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea, a study published Monday in the journal The Lancet finds. It is the first time a vaccine has shown any protection against gonorrhea.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
A decade ago, the first vaccine against human papilloma virus was administered in Australia to help prevent several deadly cancers, including cervical, anal and throat and tongue cancer. Since then, the HPV vaccine has been introduced in 130 countries, and the number of new cervical cancer cases has been cut in half worldwide. “In Australia there’s already been a 90 percent reduction in infections in the 10 years the program has been running,” Ian Frazer, chief executive of the Translational Research Institute, told the BBC. Cervical cancer in Australia is also dropping, according to the Au...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
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