Role of MR enterography in acute and chronic stages of Crohn's disease

ConclusionMR enterography has high significant sensitivity and specificity in, imaging of Crohn‘s disease as compared to endoscopy.
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

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Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulators are being developed to treat autoimmune-mediated diseases, including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn ’s disease (CD). Amiselimod (AMS), a second-generation S1P receptor modulator, was developed to reduce bradycardia associated with other S1P receptor modulators, including fingolimod.
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Adverse Events Related to Therapy Source Type: research
Anti-TNF agents are an established treatment modality for ulcerative colitis (UC); however, as many as 30% of patients do not respond to anti-TNF agents, and almost 50% of responders lose clinical benefits after a year of treatment. Furthermore, numerous safety concerns are associated with long-term use of anti-TNF agents. An alternative treatment in development for autoimmune-mediated diseases, including Crohn ’s disease (CD) and UC, are sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulators such as amiselimod (AMS).
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Adverse Events Related to Therapy Source Type: research
Anti-microbial antibodies have been found useful for diagnosis of Crohn ’s disease (CD) and Sjogren’s syndrome (Sjo). These antibodies are also elevated in other autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and multiple sclerosis (MS). The prevalence of these antibodies in the normal healthy population is unknown. We set t o survey the normal population for these anti-microbial antibodies in comparison with Crohn’s disease and others. Totally 288 blood samples from the donor units of the leukocyte-reduced red blood cells from the American Red Cross were examined...
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Diagnostics in IBD Source Type: research
Authors: Umnyakova ES, Zharkova MS, Berlov MN, Shamova OV, Kokryakov VN Abstract Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) were firstly discovered as cytotoxic substances that killed bacteria. Later they were described as biologically active peptides that are able not only to kill invaders but also to modulate host immunity. In particular, it is shown that human antimicrobial peptides are able to influence the activity of different innate and adaptive immunity components, thus, obviously, they also participate in autoimmune processes. In this review we discuss the nature of human AMPs and analyze their role in such autoimmune ...
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
We report the case of a 13-year-old girl suffering from Crohn's disease (CD) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) who developed PV after application of a tissue expander for surgical removal of a giant congenital melanocytic nevus (GCMN). To the best of our knowledge, the case presented here is the first report of PV possibly associated with the application of a tissue expander and also the first report of coexistence of PV with either PSC or with PSC and CD in the same patient. Triggering or acute exacerbation of PV may be considered a possible side-effect of tissue expander application, especially in patients with a ...
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica - Category: Dermatology Tags: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat Source Type: research
This article provides an overview of the achievements in the field of biologic therapy, its efficacy and safety with an indication of future directions in CD treatment. PMID: 31854272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Targets Source Type: research
Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of autoimmune disease in women with premature ovarian failure. Screening for autoimmune diseases should be offered to all women with premature ovarian failure. PMID: 31852274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: At adolescence, both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are associated with multiple comorbidities, not limited to autoimmune disorders. PMID: 31801156 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease that causes damage to multiple organ systems. Despite decades of research and available murine models that capture some aspects of the human disease, new treatments for SLE lag behind other autoimmune diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis and Crohn's disease. Big data genomic assays have transformed our understanding of SLE by providing important insights into the molecular heterogeneity of this multigenic disease. Gene wide association studies have demonstrated more than 100 risk loci, supporting a model of multiple genetic hits...
Source: Journal of Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Autoimmun Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Fecal elastase-1 level was normal in all patients with CD strongly indicated absence of PEI in this group of patients. PMID: 31760738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
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