Why pregnant and nursing mothers shouldn ’t smoke marijuana

As more states legalize marijuana, the number of pregnant women who smoke marijuana is rising — and this could be really bad for babies. In 2002, 2.3% of pregnant women used marijuana. In 2014, that number was up to 3.84%, a rise of two-thirds. To make matters worse, the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in marijuana has quadrupled. THC is the active ingredient in marijuana, the chemical that gives the “high.” We don’t know all the effects of THC on infants, but we know enough that the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a statement warning parents. THC can pass easily through the placenta and into the bloodstream of a developing baby. Studies suggest that when it does, it can affect the brain. Because babies are still developing, anything that affects that development can lead to permanent changes. THC can affect something called executive function. These are skills such as concentration, attention, impulse control, and problem solving; they are crucial skills for learning and life success. Studies also suggest that children who have prenatal exposure to marijuana may have a higher risk of substance use disorder or mental illness. THC also passes into breast milk. That means that it’s still not okay to smoke marijuana after birth, because the brains of infants are actively developing — actually they are actively developing for the first three or so years of life. The effects of secondhand marijuana smoke on kids appear to la...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Marijuana Parenting Source Type: blogs

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CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians may want to consider newborn PEth screening in high-risk populations where prenatal alcohol use is common. The mechanism underlying significantly higher PEth levels in newborns compared with their mothers is not known. PMID: 32441809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Conditions:   Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders;   Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Interventions:   Dietary Supplement: Choline bitartrate;   Dietary Supplement: Placebo Sponsors:   Wayne State University;   University of Cape Town;   Columbia University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDiabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening complication of diabetes characterized by hyperglycemia, acidosis, and ketosis. Ketoacidosis may occur with blood glucose level  
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the association of serum 25 ‐hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and semen parameters, as well as ART outcomes for men from infertile couples.Materials and MethodsThis study recruited 1,308 men from infertile couples who attended the Reproductive Medicine Center of Peking University Third Hospital for first time from February to August 2019(NCT03804294). Reproductive hormones levels, semen parameters and clinical outcomes of ART were compared between vitamin D deficient group (serum 25OHD ≤10 ng/mL), insufficient group (serum 25OHD 10‐20 ng/mL) and sufficient group (serum 25OHD≥20 ng/mL).R...
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
(Oregon Health&Science University) New images reveal the earliest impairments to nonhuman primate fetal brain development due to alcohol ingested by the mother, in a study led by scientists at Oregon Health&Science University involving rhesus macaques. Magnetic resonance imaging showed impairments to brain growth during the third trimester of pregnancy, even though the fetus was exposed to alcohol only during the first trimester.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(CNN) — If you’re stressed or wanting to enjoy virtual happy hour with friends while pregnant, having a glass of wine every so often may seem like a relaxing plan. But that behavior runs counter to a study published Tuesday in the journal JAMA Network Open. Researchers found drinking or smoking of any level while pregnant — from low to high, and even if you quit early — influenced the brain development of the mothers’ newborns. Negative long-term effects of excessive prenatal alcohol or tobacco exposure (or both), increase the risk for multiple adverse outcomes, researchers observed. Prenatal ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Pregnancy Source Type: news
Conclusions: the spontaneous reduction in the consumption of PAS and after the interventions, pregnancy is a window of opportunity to reduce the use of drugs.Resumo Objetivos: avaliar mudan ças no uso de substâncias psicoativas (SPA) durante a gravidez. Métodos: estudo longitudinal, com gestantes usuárias de SPA em seguimento pré-natal. Resultados: 76 gestantes, que utilizavam: tabaco (84,2%, n=64), álcool (73,7%, n=56), cocaína (27,6%, n=21), maconha (26,3%, n=20) e crack ( 13,1%, n=10). Houve interrupção espontânea em 60% (n=6) das usuárias de cra...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
ml;m AK Abstract OBJECTIVE: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 3-7% of women of childbearing age. Whether ADHD is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth is unclear. DESIGN: National register-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Nulliparous women giving birth to singleton infants 2007-2014 (n = 377,381). METHODS: Women were considered to have ADHD if they had been dispensed at least one prescription for ADHD medication, i.e., a central nervous system stimulant or non-stimulant drugs for ADHD, prior to, during or after pregnancy (2005-2014). Women...
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The peer education approach engaged men in health awareness and contributed to increasing knowledge of sexual and reproductive health and other health issues. However, whilst education and positive attitudes are an important foundation for change, other enabling mechanisms including vital infrastructure, services and health personnel must be in place to facilitate change and increase access to information and healthcare. Findings highlight the importance of engaging both women and men in processes of challenging behaviours and structures that reinforce gender inequalities. SO WHAT?: Peer education appears to b...
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
Condition:   Alcohol Exposed Pregnancy Intervention:   Behavioral: Native WYSE CHOICES Sponsor:   University of Colorado, Denver Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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