Imaging in Lyme neuroborreliosis
This article can educate those engaged in imaging of the nervous system and serve as a comprehensive tool in clinical cases.Key Points•Diagnostic criteria for LNB emphasise exclusion of an alternative cause to the clinical symptoms.•MRI makes a crucial contribution in the diagnosis and follow-up of LNB.•MRI may have normal findings, or show neuritis, meningitis, myelitis, encephalitis or vasculitis.•White matter lesions are not a prominent feature of LNB.
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): G. Alvarez Bravo, L. RamióTorrentà
Authors: Jang Y, Kim DW, Yang KI, Byun JI, Seo JG, No YJ, Kang KW, Kim D, Kim KT, Cho YW, Lee ST, Drug Committee of Korean Epilepsy Society Abstract Autoimmune epilepsy is a newly emerging area of epilepsy. The concept of "autoimmune" as an etiology has recently been revisited thanks to advances in autoimmune encephalitis and precision medicine with immunotherapies. Autoimmune epilepsy presents with specific clinical manifestations, and various diagnostic approaches including cerebrospinal fluid analysis, neuroimaging, and autoantibody tests are essential for its differential diagnosis. The diagnosis is o...
Authors: Spiegel DR, O'Connell K, Stocker G, Slater J, Spiegel A PMID: 33031649 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Birdshot retinochoroidopathy can be found in Hispanic patients. Our study suggests that the characteristics upon presentation in Hispanics may be similar to those of Caucasian cohorts. PMID: 33031692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions. The nerve roots of CIDP, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type-1, and polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein, and skin changes syndrome were difficult to distinguish by MRN. Atypical CIDP patients had less nerve root injury compared with typical CIDP patients. MRN of either the brachial plexus or the lumbosacral plexus had a high diagnostic accuracy for CIDP, and it is not necessary to perform both parts of the examination. Level of Evidence: 2
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Nathan VanderVeen, Nikki Nguyen, Kenny Hoang, Jason Parviz, Tahuriah Khan, Andrew Zhen, Brett W. Jagger
ConclusionsWith the experience we gained from our recent studies, we think that miRNA-204 may be a significant biomarker in autoimmune diseases. Our study is the first study between IgAV and miRNAs in children. More studies are needed to reveal this relationship.Key Points•This is the first paper to show the relationship between miRNAs and childhood IgAV.•It will provide a new perspective to evaluate the pathogenesis of the disease.
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Rosa M.M. Gynthersen, Malte M. Tetens, Mathilde Ørbæk, Rasmus Haahr, Viktoria Fana, Klaus Hansen, Helene Mens, Åse Bengård Andersen, Anne-Mette Lebech
Condition: Chemotherapy-induced Peripheral Neuropathy Intervention: Drug: Cannabidiol 100 MG/ML Sponsors: Zealand University Hospital; University of Copenhagen Not yet recruiting
da HR Abstract The Northeast of Brazil has experienced a triple epidemic, with the simultaneous circulation of dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), which may have contributed to the observed increase across this region of atypical forms of disease and deaths. In view of this fact, non-congenital neurological disorders related to arboviruses were compared with other etiologies, mortality and survival rates of patients admitted to referral neurology hospitals in Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil, from 2015 to 2018. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected and tested usin...