Nasopharyngeal Carriage Prevalence, Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Among Children with Chronic Diseases.
Nasopharyngeal Carriage Prevalence, Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Among Children with Chronic Diseases. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2018 Aug 31;: Authors: Pekuz S, Soysal A, Akkoc G, Atıcı S, Yakut N, Gelmez GA, Kadayifci EK, Güneser D, Demir SO, Söyletir G, Bakır M Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) in children with chronic diseases that predispose them to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in comparison with healthy children.A cross sectional prevalence study was performed between February 2015 and February 2016 in Istanbul, Turkey. We enrolled 1024 children with chronic diseases and 394 healthy children aged 0-18 years.Overall prevalence of SPNP carriage was 9.8%. The prevalence of SPNP carriage among the healthy children was 8.4%, and among the children with chronic diseases, it was 10.3%.The prevalences of carriage were 17.5%, 13.5%, 10.5%, 9.3%, 8.6%, 8.6%, 8%, 6.7% and 4%, respectively, in each of the following risk groups: primary immunodeficiency, asthma, chronic renal failure, congenital heart diseases, chronic lung disease, leukemia, nephrotic syndrome, solid organ tumors and type 1 diabetes mellitus In the multivariate analysis, history of otitis media within the last year, history of pneumonia within the last year, and number of siblings age under 8 ye...
We present an up-to-date systematic review of the current literature regarding the safety in artificial and natural sweeteners use as a means of weight loss or diabetes control.Expert opinion: Natural sweeteners have not been associated directly with NAFLD, and on the contrary, some, such as stevia, and trehalose, may have a protective effect. Rare sugars and polyols can be used safely and have significant benefits that include anti-oxidant effect and optimal glycemic control. Artificial sweeteners, due to their effect on NAFLD development and insulin resistance, are not indicated in patients with obesity or diabetes. Furt...
Conclusion: Serum GGT level was a significant predictor of subsequent risk of diabetes mellitus, which increased by 4% for every 1 IU/L increase in GGT when GGT was less than 24 IU/L. PMID: 32215009 [PubMed]
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the influence of insulin production on immune system after the onset of diabetes, and we showed that the duration of honeymoon period could be related to the onset of other autoimmune conditions. For this retrospective study, 159 children aged between 11 and 18 years with type 1 DM were eligible. They have been diagnosed diabetes at least 10 years ago and use exogenous insulin. Our results showed that younger age at the onset of Type 1 DM in children, predicts Celiac Disease. Female sex and low HCO3 levels at the onset of DM had a high predictive value on patients who did not experience ...
CONCLUSION: A significant positive relationship was observed between sucrose in coffee and tea and the number of coronal or root caries lesions in community-dwelling elderly Japanese. PMID: 32212434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): Meng Li, Li-Jing Zhang, Gui-Hua Tian, Xue-Zeng Hao
Peripheral blood smear for patients with CLL and AIHA usually shows lymphoid cells with scant cytoplasm and small round nuclei with condensed chromatin, smudge cells and spherocytes. AbstractPeripheral blood smear for patients with CLL and AIHA usually shows lymphoid cells with scant cytoplasm and small round nuclei with condensed chromatin, smudge cells and spherocytes.
In conclusion, the decreased numbers of VZV-specific CD8+T-cells during the acute phase and VZV-specific CD4+T-cells during the convalescent phase of disease may account for severe varicella in immunocompromised children. PMID: 32213753 [PubMed - in process]
This study aims to analyze survival rates in acute lymphocytic leukemia in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1997 to 2013, according to sex, age bracket, and administrative region. This was a longitudinal study to calculate survival rates. Data on new cases of leukemia in the age bracket 0 to 14 years of age were collected from the database in the Population-Based Cancer Registry of the city of São Paulo. Population and mortality data were obtained from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department. The sample included children 0 to 14 years of age diagnosed with leukemia from 1997 to 2013, living in the city...
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Molecular MetabolismAuthor(s): Lucia Russo, Lindsey Muir, Lynn Geletka, Jennifer Delproposto, Nicki Baker, Carmen Flesher, Robert O’Rourke, Carey N. Lumeng
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Roberto Laza-Cagigas, Shirley Chan, Daniel Sumner, Tarannum Rampal
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