Choroid Plexus Hyperplasia with Intractable Ascites and a Resulting Communicating Hydrocele following Shunt Operation for Hydrocephalus

Choroid plexus hyperplasia/papilloma and resulting hyperproduction of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare cause of hydrocephalus. In these patients, intractable ascites can occur after a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting operation. However, shunt-related hydrocele is a rare complication of VP shunting. Previous reports have indicated catheter-tip migration to the scrotum as a cause of hydrocele. Here, we present the first documented case of choroid plexus hyperplasia that led to intractable ascites after shunting and a resulting hydrocele without catheter-tip migration into the scrotum.Pediatr Neurosurg
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

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AbstractHydrocephalus (HC) can be associated with vestibular schwannoma (VS) at presentation. Although spontaneous resolution of HC after VS removal is reported, first-line treatment is varied including preoperative ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, external ventricular drainage (EVD), or lumbar drainage (LD). We performed a systematic review to clarify optimal management of HC associated with VS at presentation, as well as characteristics of patients with initial and persistent HC after VS removal, and prevalence of HC associated with VS. Fourteen studies were included. Patients were grouped according to the timing of HC t...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
The objective was to develop a predictive model that uses the information available before surgery to predict the outcome of shunt implantation in such patients. Retrospectively collected data were used to develop a clinical prediction model. The model was derived from 59 patients using logistic regression analysis, and then it was evaluated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and Hosmer-Lemshow test. A validation cohort verified the model. Four independent predictors were identified: age
Source: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: J Integr Neurosci Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundPost-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is potentially under-diagnosed and under-treated, generating the need for a more efficient diagnostic tool. We aim to report CSF dynamics of patients with post-traumatic ventriculomegaly.Materials and methodsWe retrospectively analysed post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with ventriculomegaly who had undergone a CSF infusion test. We calculated the resistance to CSF outflow (Rout), AMP (pulse amplitude of intracranial pressure, ICP), dAMP (AMPplateau-AMPbaseline) and compensatory reserve index correlation coefficient between ICP and AMP (RAP). To avoid confounding...
Source: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsCollapse of the hemispheres can occur spontaneously in dogs with hydrocephalus internus. Removal of the haemorrhage can improve clinical signs.
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Ipsita K Sahoo, Amit K Satapathy, Joseph JohnJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2020 15(1):38-41Tubercular brain abscesses are rare manifestations in children, and very few cases have been reported till date. It is characterized by an encapsulated collection of pus, containing viable tubercular bacilli. Antitubercular treatment (ATT) is the mainstay of treatment along with surgical drainage or aspiration or excision of the abscess. We hereby report a case of a 15-month-old child with multiple tubercular brain abscesses with obstructive hydrocephalus, managed with ATT and ventriculoperitoneal shunt.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The lowest complication rate existed in hydrocephalus management when shunt insertion and myelomeningocele repair procedures were performed at the same time. PMID: 32153000 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Turk Neurosurg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this research indicate that childhood hydrocephalus in Zanzibar has etiology, evolution and complications that are similar to or less than those described to date in East Africa. Implementing a series of perioperative protocols and standardized nursing care positively influences the results obtained. Currently, the Mnazi Mmoja Surgical NED Institute is one of the few centers in East Africa with an exhaustive record of healthcare activity and is the first health center that offers further training to nurses. PMID: 32156453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurocirugia - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurocirugia (Astur) Source Type: research
After ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) with adjustable gravitational valves, a certain proportion of patients develop secondary clinical worsening after in...
Source: Cerebrospinal Fluid Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 March 2020Source: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular (English Edition)Author(s): Agostino Chiaravalloti, Luca Filippi, Oreste Bagni, Orazio Schillaci, Zofia Czosnyka, Marek Czosnyka, Maria Francesca De Pandis, Giovanna Federici, Manuela Galli, Angelo Pompucci, Gianpaolo Petrella
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Condition:   Hydrocephalus Intervention:   Device: Hakim Shunt Programmable System Sponsor:   Integra LifeSciences Corporation Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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