Is Hypnosis Real? Here ’s What Science Says
Look into my eyes. The phrase calls to mind images of a psychotherapist swinging a pocket watch. Or maybe you picture Catherine Keener in the film Get Out, tapping her teacup and sending an unwilling man into a state of hypnotic limbo. “There are many myths about hypnosis, mostly coming from media presentations,” like fictional films and novels, says Irving Kirsch, a lecturer and director of the Program in Placebo Studies at Harvard Medical School. But setting aside pop culture clichés, Kirsch says hypnosis is a well-studied and legitimate form of adjunct treatment for conditions ranging from obesity and pain after surgery to anxiety and stress. In terms of weight loss, some of Kirsch’s research has found that, compared to people undergoing cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)—one of the most evidence-backed non-drug treatments for weight loss, depression and many other conditions—those who undergo cognitive behavior therapy coupled with hypnosis tend to lose significantly more weight. After four to six months, those undergoing CBT+hypnosis dropped more than 20 pounds, while those who just did CBT lost about half that amount. The hypnosis group also maintained that weight loss during an 18-month follow-up period, while the CBT-only group tended to regain some weight. Apart from aiding weight loss, there is “substantial research evidence” that hypnosis can effectively reduce physical pain, says Len Milling, a clinical psychologi...
Authors: Marín-Sánchez A Abstract The basic clinical characteristics of the first 100 fatal cases from COVID-19 in Colombia were analyzed based on reports from the National Institute of Health (INS) since the beginning of the pandemic. Since the INS records do not include clinical variables of comorbidity in the total number of cases reported as positive, but only in patients with fatal outcome, comorbidities, age and sex available in the daily INS reports were reviewed. Their frequency was identified and mortality risk behavior for the analyzed variables was established and compared with the behavior...
In this study, we found only minor ethnic differences in persistent pain. Similar living conditions and cultural features may explain these findings. PMID: 32780007 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: The healthcare providers and policymakers need to be involved in recognising iTaukei community culture and appreciate traditional methods to promote equitable community participation in decision-making for health promotion. SO WHAT?: Community-wide lifestyle interventions, conceptual approaches based on communal perceptions of the problem at hand can also be the basis for future research on identifying socio-cultural factors, for example, the community and family support that can help shape behaviours. PMID: 32761937 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: This study contributes new insights and depth of understanding about how the empowerment programme can strengthen the process of individual capacity in an effort to mobilise social change for the betterment of the whole community, particularly among indigenous Pasifika population groups. SO WHAT?: Developing empowerment principles will enable others to consider 'how apply' empowerment more practically when working with young people, and not use it flippantly with no real action-oriented outcome. PMID: 32755045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Cachexia, a devastating wasting syndrome characterized by severe weight loss with specific losses of muscle and adipose tissue, is driven by reduced food intake, increased energy expenditure, excess catabolism, and inflammation. Cachexia is associated with poor prognosis and high mortality and frequently occurs in patients with cancer, chronic kidney disease, infection, and many other illnesses. There is no effective treatment for this condition. Hypothalamic melanocortins have a potent and long-lasting inhibitory effect on feeding and anabolism, and pathophysiological processes increase melanocortin signaling tone, leadin...
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2020Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Vinícius Dokkedal-Silva, José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz, Sergio Tufik, Monica L. Andersen
CONCLUSIONS: The identified high prevalence of fast-food consumption among young adolescents in LMICs indicates the urgent need to prioritize the implementation of healthy-diet promotion programs to improve adolescent health in these countries. PMID: 32762333 [PubMed - in process]
DISCUSSION: Some evidence for positive associations between psychological distress and ambient air pollution after adjusting for spatial autocorrelation was found. PMID: 32761579 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: In the relatively short period of review, the association between social media use and youth DSH was tested in population-based studies, offering preliminary evidence for suicide prevention and treatment efforts. Further research is needed to understand the contribution of social media use to youth DSH, particularly among youth most vulnerable to suicidal risk. PMID: 32773916 [PubMed]
Publication date: Available online 23 July 2020Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): Antonio La Marca, Stefano Busani, Valeria Donno, Giovanni Guaraldi, Guido Ligabue, Massimo Girardis
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