Three factors that predict life-threatening respiratory disease in burn patients

(Loyola University Health System) For the first time, researchers have devised a model to predict burn patients who are most likely to develop life-threatening acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).The prediction model includes three factors: the extent of the patient's inhalation injury, the percentage of the patient's body that was burned and whether the patient had high levels of a blood clotting protein called von Willebrand factor.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Holly L. Neibergs Heifer conception rate (HCR) is defined as the percentage of inseminated heifers that become pregnant at each service. The genome-wide association analyses in this study focused on identifying the loci associated with Holstein heifer (n = 2013) conception rate at first service (HCR1) and the number of times bred (TBRD) to achieve a pregnancy. There were 348 unique loci associated (p < 5 × 10−8) with HCR1 and 615 unique loci associated (p < 5 × 10−8) with TBRD. The two phenotypes shared 302 loci, and 56 loci were validated in independent cattle popu...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractPatient transfer between hospitals can be one of the biases when evaluating the hospital performance in severe burn care. Optimal handling of such a population is challenging in the analysis of an inpatient database not specialized for burn due to the lack of detailed information.
Source: Journal of Intensive Care - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
AbstractThis is a critical comment on the paper by Endo et al. on the volume-outcome relationship on survival and cost benefits in severe burn injury which addresses biases related to patient transfer and burn severity assessment.
Source: Journal of Intensive Care - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2019Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Serdar Tort, Fatmanur Tuğcu Demiröz, Şule Coşkun Cevher, Sanem Sarıbaş, Candan Özoğul, Füsun AcartürkAbstractElectrospinning process has gained importance in the production of wound dressings in recent years. The wound dressings prepared by electrospinning method provide many advantages over conventional wound dressings. The aim of this study was to assess the histological, biochemical, and immunohistochemical evaluation of collagen/doxycycline loaded nanofiber wound dressing in both acute and chronic wound healing. Full-th...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The 3-variable model with %TBSA, inhalation injury, and von Willebrand factor could be used to better identify at-risk patients for both the study and prevention of ARDS in patients with burn injury.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
In this study, we report the age-associated differences between fetal MSC (fMSC) populations and MSCs isolated from elderly donors with respect to their transcriptomes. We successfully reprogrammed fMSCs (55 days post conception) and adult MSC (aMSC; 60-74 years) to iPSCs and, subsequently, generated the corresponding iMSCs. In addition, iMSCs were also derived from ESCs. The iMSCs were similar although not identical to primary MSCs. We unraveled a putative rejuvenation and aging gene expression signature. We show that iMSCs irrespective of donor age and cell type re-acquired a similar secretome to that of th...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion and Perspectives Arbovirus infections, such as CHIKV, have been growing worldwide and are becoming a major public health problem, especially in immuno-compromised classes such as children and the elderly. CHIKV is dangerous since it can cause arthritis, fever and other impairments, making it necessary to seek new ways to counter the proliferation of this virus. Knowing the vector’s competence is fundamentally important, including an understanding of the vector virus interaction and the modulation of this interaction. Despite advances in the knowledge of mosquito competence in the transmission of CHIKV, li...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ner M Abstract NETosis is a host defense mechanism associated with inflammation and tissue damage. Experimental models show that platelets and von Willebrand factor (VWF) are key elements for intravascular NETosis. We determined NETosis in septic and burn patients at 1 and 4days post-admission (dpa). Nucleosomes were elevated in patients. In septics, they correlated with Human Neutrophil Elastase (HNE)-DNA complexes and SOFA score at 1dpa, and were associated with mortality. Patient's neutrophils had spontaneous NETosis and were unresponsive to stimulation. Although platelet P-selectin and TNF-α were increas...
Source: Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Abstract In vitro composed vascularized adipose tissue is and will continue to be in great demand e.g. for the treatment of extensive high-graded burns or the replacement of tissue after tumor removal. Up to date, the lack of adequate culture conditions, mainly a culture medium, decelerates further achievements. In our study, we evaluated the influence of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and hydrocortisone (HC), often supplemented in endothelial cell (EC) specific media, on the co-culture of adipogenic differentiated adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and microvascular endothelial cells (mvECs). In ASCs, EGF and HC ar...
Source: Differentiation - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Differentiation Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the endothelial function in a canine model of burn injury combined with seawater immersion. The model of burn injury was established. The dogs were randomly divided into four groups including dogs with burn injury (B group), or burn injury combined with seawater immersion (BI group), or only immersion in seawater (I group), or control animals with no injury or immersion (C group). The circulating endothelial cell (CEC) count and coagulation-fibrinolysis parameters were measured. The CEC count in B group increased at 4 h, 7 h, and 10 h after injury and then reduced, where...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
More News: Burns | Respiratory Medicine | von Willebrand Disease