Varicella Zoster Aseptic Meningitis: Report of an Atypical Case in an Immunocompetent Patient Treated with Oral Valacyclovir

Publication date: Available online 25 August 2018Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Martin Gnoni, Kamran Zaheer, Melinda M. Vasser, Monider Singh, Aman Ajmeri, Stephanie R. Harter, Abdul Mughees Rana, Rodrigo Aguilar-CampoAbstractVaricella Zoster when described has the typical presentation of a dermatomal distribution of a rash and can further lead to CNS complications. This can be treated accordingly with the proper protocol, but if the presentation is atypical and the protocol is challenged or changed per specific patient outcomes, new developments can occur. Here we present a case of a 29-year-old Caucasian female that presented to the emergency department with headache, photophobia, and chills for 5 days. She was previously healthy and immunocompetent; CSF PCR analysis revealed a VZV infection causing acute aseptic meningitis with no shingles rash eruption on physical examination. The patient was not willing to stay hospitalized for the duration of the treatment. This gave us an opportunity to treat her with an oral, rather than IV, antiviral. The patient was successfully treated with oral valacyclovir 2 g Q6H after only receiving two days of IV acyclovir. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a patient with VZV-associated meningitis successfully treated with oral valacyclovir.
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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