Plasma Adsorption Membranes Are Able to Efficiently Remove High Mobility Group Box-1 (HMGB-1).

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that plasma adsorption therapy efficiently adsorbed HMGB-1 and could be safely applied for the treatment of sepsis. PMID: 30135341 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research

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Authors: Oo TH Abstract Pernicious anemia (PA), the commonest cause of cobalamin deficiency (CD) in the world, is an autoimmune disease of multifactorial origin and is characterized by chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and defective absorption of cobalamin from the terminal ileum due to interference by the intrinsic factor (IF) antibodies. PA-related CD is a lengthy process, which if untreated, can lead to irreversible hematological and neurological sequelae. Although safe and effective therapy is available and the management of PA is straightforward, the diagnosis of PA can be extremely difficult to obtain due to m...
Source: Discovery Medicine - Category: Research Tags: Discov Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Serena Saverino, Alberto FalorniPrimary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) occurs in 1/5000–1/7000 individuals in the general population. Autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD) is the major cause of PAI and is a major component of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) and type 2 (APS2). Presence of 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies (21OHAb) identifies subjects with ongoing clinical or pre-clinical adrenal autoimmunity. AAD requires life-long substitutive therapy with two-three daily doses ...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: Autoimmunity ReviewsAuthor(s): Michael Hughes, John D. Pauling, Laura Armstrong-James, Christopher P. Denton, Paul Galdas, Caroline FlureyAbstractSystemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex autoimmune connective tissue disease which is characterised by autoimmunity, widespread tissue fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, and vasculopathic alterations. SSc is more common in women but has a more severe expression of disease including internal organ-based complications and higher mortality in men. The extant literature shows that although important pathophysiological se...
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This article examines the current state of the art, in particular summarizes data on the role of polymorphisms in Toll-like receptor genes in a number of autoimmune endocrine diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus, Graves' disease and Hashimoto's autoimmune thyroiditis. The search for relevant scientific data was carried out by entering search queries based on keywords: TLR, SNP, autoimmunity, Graves' disease, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Hashimoto's autoimmune thyroiditis. The search was conducted through PubMed, MEDLINE, Elsevier journals, Science Direct and Russian Index of Scientific Citation, as well as other highl...
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: CellAuthor(s): Mandeep Singh, Katherine J.L. Jackson, Jing J. Wang, Peter Schofield, Matt A. Field, David Koppstein, Timothy J. Peters, Deborah L. Burnett, Simone Rizzetto, Damien Nevoltris, Etienne Masle-Farquhar, Megan L. Faulks, Amanda Russell, Divya Gokal, Asami Hanioka, Keisuke Horikawa, Alexander D. Colella, Timothy K. Chataway, James Blackburn, Tim R. MercerSummaryPathogenic autoantibodies arise in many autoimmune diseases, but it is not understood how the cells making them evade immune checkpoints. Here, single-cell multi-omics analysis demonstrates a share...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that grilled nux vomica ameliorates EAMG by depressing the TLR-4/NF-kappaB signaling pathway, and hub genes may serve as potential targets for MG treatment. PMID: 32052794 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Authors: Maria ATJ, Bourgier C, Martinaud C, Borie R, Rozier P, Rivière S, Crestani B, Guilpain P Abstract Fibrogenesis is a universal and ubiquitous process associated with tissue healing. The impairment of tissue homeostasis resulting from the deregulation of numerous cellular actors, under the effect of specific cytokine and pro-oxidative environments can lead to extensive tissue fibrosis, organ dysfunction and significant morbidity and mortality. This situation is frequent in internal medicine, since fibrosis is associated with most organ insufficiencies (i.e. cardiac, renal, or hepatic chronic failures)...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical RheumatologyAuthor(s): Hector Chinoy, James B. LillekerAbstractThe idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are a group of heterogeneous autoimmune connective tissue diseases. Despite increase in the understanding of these conditions, securing a timely diagnosis and accurate subtype classification remains difficult in some cases. This has important implications for patients, where delayed or inappropriate treatments can have a negative effect on outcomes.Several conditions can mimic myositis, including metabolic myopathies, genetic my...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractLambert ‐Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is an autoimmune neuromuscular junction disease associated with P/Q‐type voltage‐gated calcium channels (P/Q‐type VGCCs) autoantibodies1. P/Q ‐type VGCCs present at the presynaptic motor nerve terminals and their antibodies induce a reduction in neurotransmitter release, leading to the characteristic muscle weakness associated with the disease. Approximately half of LEMS patients have small‐cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) that occurs as a paraneoplastic disorder.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Neuroimmunology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN NEUROIMMUNOLOGY Source Type: research
ConclusionLDLT can be performed in PSC with good overall long-term outcomes.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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