3 ways AI could be integrated into radiology workflow

As radiology artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms move toward clinical use,...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: New AI algorithm identifies small lung tumors on CT scans AI, new cardiac imaging technology can assess for CAD AI algorithm can triage head CT exams for urgent review AI characterizes complex mood disorders from fMRI 3 ways to ensure AI algorithms are really working
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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If you follow the recent advances in medical technology and artificial intelligence, you may have heard people make bold claims that AI will replace tomorrow’s doctors. While there are still ways to go for technology to reach these sci-fi level...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Informatics Radiology Source Type: blogs
Authors: Bondeelle L, Bergeron A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Progress in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) procedures have been associated with improved survival in HSCT recipients. However, they have also brought to light organ-specific complications, especially pulmonary complications. In this setting, pulmonary complications are consistently associated with poor outcomes, and improved management of these complications is required. Areas covered: We review the multiple infectious and noninfectious lung complications that occur both early and late after allogeneic HSCT. This includes the descrip...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Abstract A large number of liver transplants have been performed for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and recurrence is increasingly encountered. The recurrence of HCC after liver transplantation is notoriously difficult to manage. We hereby propose multi-disciplinary management with a systematic approach. The patient is jointly managed by the transplant surgeon, physician, oncologist and radiologist. Immunosuppressants should be tapered to the lowest effective dose to protect against rejection. The combination of a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor with a reduced calcineurin inhibitor could be considered wit...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Rationale: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe and effective local treatment modality with a low complication rate and is commonly used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The clinical outcome of RFA may be closely related to the location, size, and shape of index tumors, and major complications, including hemorrhage, liver abscess, infarction, visceral organ perforation, hemothorax, pneumothorax, tumoral seeding, and hepatic failure. Cardiac tamponade is a rare and serious life-threatening complication associated with RFA. To date, a review of the medical literature reported 5 cases of cardiac tamponade after R...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: High-dose IFN-α treatment is a cost-effective option, especially for patients without CNS involvement. Single target lesion SUV elevation according to FDG-PET do not accurately demonstrate disease progression, but serial FDG-PET imaging effectively discriminate treatment response.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 615. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Commercially Available Therapy, excluding Transplantation Source Type: research
In 2016, the World Health Organization provisionally classified Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive mucocutaneous ulcer (EBVMCU) as a lymphoid neoplasm under the subcategory of mature B-cell neoplasms. Here we describe a 59-year-old Chinese woman with a long history of recurrent sinus and oropharyngeal infections and was diagnosed initially with EBVMCU and later, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). She had sought medical attention after a particularly long bout of increased facial pressure and nasal obstruction. As a young adult she had undergone a tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, and received innumerable treatments for bron...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 623. Mantle Cell, Follicular, and Other Indolent B-Cell Lymphoma-Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Conclusion: Multidrug-resistant bacteria infection is a common and yet fatal complication in SAA patients. These patients usually experience a prolonged period of neutropenia when undergoing HSCT. We demonstrate here that when being combined with the utilization of broad spectrum antibiotics, repeated GTXs from donor source prove to be an effective therapy for controlling these infections, thereby reducing early death and improving successful rate of allo-HSCT. Therefore, GTXs are recommended as, at best, a "bridge" procedure, that may protect the patient from fatal infections until myeloid recovery ensuesDisclos...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 201. Granulocytes, Monocytes, and Macrophages Source Type: research
Conclusion: Study reveals a high prevalance of potentially treatable extra pulmonary and pulmonary comorbidities. We recommend a list of these treatable comorbidities be included as part of the standard work up of COPD patients undergoing CT as it would enable better patient outcomes.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Source Type: research
Regional analysis by CT could be an attractive technique to interpret lung patterns after LT. We evaluate the application of CT functional mask derived parameters to determine whether development of PGD is associated with short and/or long term postoperative evidences of pulmonary function alterations.18 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral LT were recruited. Patients were evaluated at 24, 48 and 72 hours after LT to establish PGD occurrence and grading. Patients without evidence of PGD constituted the PGD0 Group; patients with grade 2 and/or 3 composed the PGD Group. CT scans at 3 and 12 months after LT were analy...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Transplantation Source Type: research
A preclinical model of chronic rejection after lung transplantation is essential to understand and mitigate its elusive pathophysiology. We aimed to investigate if longitudinal "in vivo" µCT imaging can help in identifying technical failures leading to graft atelectasis early on and help to evaluate the rejection process over time.We performed cuff based orthotopic single left lung transplantations. Groups consisted of isografts (n=7) (C57Bl/6 to C57BL/6) and major genetic mismatched (BALB/c to C57BL/6) allografts (n=8), with an immunosuppressive regime of Cyclosporine A (10 mg/kg/d) and corticosteroids (1 ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Transplantation Source Type: research
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