Sinonasal Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Report of Two Cases with Varied Presentation and a Review of Literature
AbstractRenal cell carcinoma is usually slow growing with delayed vague symptoms and may not be detected until an advanced stage. In only 9% of the cases the classical triad of “haematuria, costovertebral pain and abdominal mass” is seen. Less commonly, sinonasal metastasis may also be the presenting feature of RCC. So, in any case of sinonasal mass, possibility of metastasis from renal malignancy should be considered. Sinonasal metastasis from renal malignancy can oc cur even several years after the primary is treated with nephrectomy. In sinonasal region maxillary sinus is the most commonly affected. Isolated metastasis to the nose is extremely rare. Malignancies from various other sites of the body can also metastasize to sinonasal region. Epistaxis is the mos t common symptom. This is because of vascular stroma of the metastatic deposit. A 45 year old male with history of right nephrectomy 1 year back presented with intractable epistaxis. A 66 year old male presented with profuse epistaxis without any history of previous malignancies. Both the cases w ere evaluated resulting to the diagnosis of sinonasal metastasis from Renal Cell carcinoma. In the first case, metastasis occurred 1 year post surgery whereas in second case sinonasal metastasis was the presenting feature of Renal Cell carcinoma. Epistaxis is the most common symptom. This is becaus e of vascular stroma of this metastatic deposit. In renal cancer, symptoms of metastasis of...
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reproducibility and construct validity of the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation FFQ (MDRF-FFQ) with biomarkers for its use in epidemiological settings in India. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The MDRF-FFQ was administered to 500 participants representing rural and urban areas of 10 Indian states, twice at an interval of 12 months. Reproducibility was assessed using intra cluster correlation coefficients (ICC). Construct validity of carbohydrate and fat intake was assessed using baseline serum lipids by regression analysis. RESULTS: Reproducibility as measu...
CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides substantial evidence that a higher concentration of circulating vitamin D would have conferred protection against liver cancer. PMID: 32229457 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: EN, especially oral nutritional supplements, has a positive economic impact on patients with gastrointestinal cancer, based on reductions in the post-operative infection rate, length of hospitalization, and hospitalization expenditure. PMID: 32229446 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS This study offers a novel 2-gene signature to predict overall survival of patients with HCC, which has the potential to be used as an independent prognostic predictor. Overall, this study reveals more details about the tumor microenvironment in HCC and offers novel candidate biomarkers. PMID: 32231177 [PubMed - in process]
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Purpose of review To compare outcomes of 27-gauge and 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for treatment of vitreoretinal diseases. Recent findings Sixty-eight patients undergoing microincisional PPV for treatment of vitreoretinal diseases were randomized 1 : 1 to 27-gauge or 23-gauge surgery with a 7500 cuts-per-minute vitrectomy probe. The most common reasons for vitrectomy were epiretinal membrane (49%) and vitreous hemorrhage (24%). Mean ± standard deviation (SD) changes from immediate preoperative to immediate postoperative intraocular pressure were −0.40 ± 6.60 mmHg in the 27-ga...
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