New AI algorithm identifies small lung tumors on CT scans
Researchers from Florida have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI, new cardiac imaging technology can assess for CAD AI algorithm can triage head CT exams for urgent review AI characterizes complex mood disorders from fMRI NIH issues huge database of CT scans for AI testing Deep learning accurately detects brain hemorrhage
ConclusionSerum TP may be intimately linked with in inflammation, disease progression and poor prognosis in TBI patients.
CONCLUSION: Serum TP may be intimately linked with in inflammation, disease progression and poor prognosis in TBI patients. PMID: 30385279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Pheochromocytomas and sympathetic paragangliomas are rare catecholamine-secreting tumors and represent very rare causes of intracerebral hemorrhage in young, with only few cases reported. A 32-year-old man presented to our emergency department because of sudden onset of severe headache. He had a six months history of paroxysmal headache, palpitations and sweating. During examination he became somnolent and developed left-sided hemiplegia. A computed tomographic (CT) scan of the brain showed a right temporoparietal hematoma. He was admitted to the Clinic for Neurosurgery and hematoma was evacuated. The pat...
ConclusionsSkull lymphomas commonly presented as a homogenous solid tumor extending either intra- or extra-cranially with permeative bone destruction. Restricted diffusion, little intratumoral susceptibility signal, and lower perfusion may indicate a specific diagnosis. Multi-parametric functional MRI may be a promising tool for the diagnosis of skull lymphomas.
ConclusionIncreased serum sST2 concentrations are significantly related to inflammation, severity and prognosis, substantialized ST2 as a potential prognostic biomarker for TBI.
AbstractBackgroundStudies suggested that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was associated with unfavorable outcomes in different diseases such as intracerebral hemorrhage, cardiovascular problem, cancer, and severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). We aimed to evaluate the relationship between peak NLR and 1-year outcomes in patients with sTBI.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients with sTBI who were treated in our department between January 2013 and January 2017. NLRs between day 1 and day 12 after admission as well as other related indicators were collected. The relationship between peak NLR...
AbstractIntroductionStereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a common treatment modality among patients with brain metastases, particularly from malignant melanoma. Our objective was to investigate the difference in local control, toxicity, and survival among patients with hemorrhagic and solid melanoma brain metastases.MethodsWe collected demographic, treatment, local control, toxicity, and survival for 134 patients with a total of 936 intracranial melanoma metastases who underwent SRS between 1998 and 2015. Pre-radiosurgical diagnostic imaging was reviewed for evidence of hemorrhage (melanin-containing or clearly hemorrhagic)....
In conclusion, invasive aspergillosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of SCD patients with central nervous system (CNS) lesions. PMID: 30251738 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Increased serum sST2 concentrations are significantly related to inflammation, severity and prognosis, substantialized ST2 as a potential prognostic biomarker for TBI. PMID: 30266513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This article will review the commonly encountered normal and abnormal findings in post-craniotomy and craniectomy patients. The expected postoperative CT and MRI appearance of these procedures are discussed, followed by complications. These include hemorrhage, tension pneumocephalus, wound/soft tissue infection, bone flap infection and extradural abscesses. Complications specifically related to craniectomies include extracranial herniation, external brain tamponade, paradoxical herniation, and trephine syndrome.