Measles Is Returning to a Range of Places —But Not for the Same Reasons

By now, measles ought to be optional. As long as parents are conscientious and governments are competent, no child has to contract the sometimes fatal disease again. But across Europe and in the U.S., that’s not what’s happening. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were more than 40,000 cases of measles–including 37 deaths–across Europe in just the first six months of 2018. That’s a huge jump: in all of last year, there were 23,927 cases, and only 5,273 the year before. More than half of those 2018 cases were found in Ukraine, while six other countries (Serbia, France, Italy, Russia, Georgia and Greece) have each topped 1,000 cases. The U.S. numbers are less alarming–107 cases, across 21 states and the District of Columbia–but they too represent an uptick over the past few years, if still a long way from the 667 cases in 2014. The question remains why, more than half a century after the first measles vaccine was licensed, we still must battle these epidemic wildfires. Just as the numbers vary from place to place, so do the answers. In the U.S., much of the problem can be traced to a fraudulent 1998 study by Andrew Wakefield, a British doctor who has since been stripped of his license to practice medicine. After he linked the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine to autism, the lie was spread in the U.S. by celebrities like Jenny McCarthy. Although 20 years of study have established that no such link exists, vaccination ra...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized global health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsOur results confirm the dimensional distribution of autistic traits and related symptoms in unselected populations across different cultures. The Q−CHAT is a valid and reliable dimensional screening instrument to be used within a routine paediatric setting during well-child assessments.The main normative data and factor structure replicated in our sample
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 April 2019Source: Fungal BiologyAuthor(s): Andrea Garvetto, Yacine Badis, Marie-Mathilde Perrineau, Cecilia Rad-Menéndez, Eileen Bresnan, Claire M.M. GachonAbstractChytrids have long been recognised as important parasites of microalgae in freshwater systems, able to shape the dynamics of blooms, the gene pool of their host and phytoplankton succession. In the sea however, where the presence of these organisms is erratic and ephemeral, studies concerning chytrids are sparse and confined to metabarcoding surveys or microscopy observations. Despite the scarcity of data, chytrid epi...
Source: Fungal Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
When my father died I lost the ability to liveSix months ago, on 9 October 2018, it was a beautiful and unusually warm day in my native city of Paris. There, in the leafy surroundings of a palliative care centre, my father took his last breath.I was there with my husband. Our three year old, playing in the room next door, was blissfully unaware of what was happening. We had been in France for five weeks and had spent a lot of time with my father. I remember thinking “this is hard, but I am strong, I’ve got this”. I helped organise his funeral, stayed with my mum a few weeks after he passed away and then f...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Mental health Psychology Depression Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 20 April 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Aaron Reuben, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W. Belsky, Avshalom Caspi, Helen L. Fisher, Renate M. Houts, Terrie E. Moffitt, Candice OdgersAbstractChildren who grow up in neighborhoods with more green vegetation show enhanced cognitive development in specific domains over short timespans. However, it is unknown if neighborhood greenery per se is uniquely predictive of children's overall cognitive development measured across many years. The E-Risk Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative 1994-5 birth-cohort of children in Britai...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
By now, measles ought to be optional. As long as parents are conscientious and governments are competent, no child has to contract the sometimes fatal disease again. But across Europe and in the U.S., that’s not what’s happening. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were more than 40,000 cases of measles–including 37 deaths–across Europe in just the first six months of 2018. That’s a huge jump: in all of last year, there were 23,927 cases, and only 5,273 the year before. More than half of those 2018 cases were found in Ukraine, while six other countries (Serbia, France, Ital...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized global health Source Type: news
Anti-vaccination headlines—like “HPV vaccine leaves another 17-year-old-girl paralyzed”—populate the Internet. That, and “Mom researches vaccines, discovers vaccination horrors, goes vaccine free,” are just a few examples of the fake science news stories shared this month on Facebook. If you are a parent on social media, you’ve likely seen many posts just like these. Maybe you’ve even clicked on one, curious. What’s the harm, right? As a family physician with four decades of experience fighting preventable disease around the globe and a professor of anthropology, risk a...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime public health Source Type: news
Last week, President-Elect Trump received a visit from none other than Robert F. Kennedy Jr., who our colleague Walter Olsonrefers to as America ’s Most Irresponsible Public Figure. Keeping with this title, Kennedy will be joining the Trump team on a panel to vet vaccine safety.This, like many of Trumps moves, will create international debate. For example, the most prominent advocate in Britain of the idea that there is a link between vaccinations (in his case the MMR or measles, mumps and rubella vaccine) and autism was Dr. Andrew Wakefield, whose 1998Lancet paper (now retracted) attracted vast global interest. But ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Vaccination rates are at an all-time low in some pockets of the U.S., due to a seemingly intractable anti-vaccination sentiment among some parents. This is a major risk to the public safety, but doctors struggle to make headway because medical evidence doesn't seem to assuage these parents' concerns.   So far, most strategies have focused on refuting the myth that vaccines can cause autism. But a new study suggests that confronting parents about the "wrongness" of their views is probably a dead end. Instead, showing parents images of and personal testimonies about infectious diseases seemed to impr...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Grandparents have an important role in improving the public health of America. They cannot sit idly by, biting their tongues and not saying a word. They must talk with their children who have refused to vaccinate their grandchildren. Their children tend to converse with like-minded anti-vaccination parents and must be exposed to another perspective. Grandparents don't want to be overbearing; on the other hand, they want to protect their grandchildren. It's a difficult path -- one that many pediatricians grapple with. How does one retain the trust and ability to help parents when parents may not want advice, especially when...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Orange County - Shortly after Disneyland became ground zero for the largest vaccine preventable disease outbreak the United States has seen in decades, unvaccinated children of Orange County families overwhelmed doctors' offices and local healthcare clinics fearfully seeking immunizations against measles, mumps, rubella, whooping cough and other childhood illnesses.  This surge in vaccination cases left government officials no choice but to declare a vaccination state of emergency."Due to the actions of a few thousand heartless pseudo-anti-vaxx parents who abandoned their principles at the first sign of a li...
Source: The Happy Hospitalist - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: blogs
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