MicroRNA ‐16 functions as a tumor‐suppressor gene in oral squamous cell carcinoma by targeting AKT3 and BCL2L2

Journal of Cellular Physiology, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Cellular Physiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research

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This study evaluated predictive factors for the feasibility of oral intake in adjuvant CCRT for patients with LASCCHN.MethodsThis study retrospectively analyzed 117 LASCCHN patients who underwent surgery followed by adjuvant CCRT with cisplatin at Shizuoka Cancer Center between April 2008 and December 2018. To investigate predictive factors for the feasibility of oral intake, tumor factors, treatment factors and social factors were included in multivariate analyses.ResultsOf the 117 patients, 25 received total laryngectomy and 92 received other surgery. In multivariate analysis, total laryngectomy [HR (hazard ratio) 0.09,P...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractIdentification of effective targeted therapies for recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains an unmet medical need. A patient with platinum‐refractory recurrent oral cavity HNSCC underwent comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) that identified an activating MET mutation (R1004). The patient was treated with the oral MET tyrosine kinase inhibitor crizotinib with rapid response to treatment.Based on this index case, we determined the frequency of MET alterations in 1,637 HNSCC samples, which had been analyzed with hybrid capture‐based CGP performed in the routine course of clinical...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Head and Neck Cancers Precision Medicine Clinic: Molecular Tumor Board Source Type: research
ConclusionThe modified in-continuity resection is valuable for application in clinical practice for cT2N0M0 oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Authors: Wu Q, Cao R, Chen J, Xie X Abstract Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a major type of malignant tumor of the oral cavity. Despite marked advances in the management and diagnosis of OSCC, the associated overall survival ratio has only exhibited a modest increase in recent years. The present study aimed to identify potential crucial genes associated with clinical features and prognosis for OSCC, and to provide a basis for further investigation. RNA-sequencing data and corresponding clinical information were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database and differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNAs) wer...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Source: OncoTargets and Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: OncoTargets and Therapy Source Type: research
We report an unprecedented case of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the floor of mouth of a 23-year-old woman with XP. The patient was referred to the oncologist and, two months after surgical resection, underwent a single chemotherapy and radiotherapy session. However, she died 73 hours after undergoing her first chemotherapy session. Considering the unexpected outcome of this case, we also investigated possible exacerbated adverse effects of antineoplastic treatments (especially cisplatin-based chemotherapy) in XP patients, and discussed the main characteristics of the disease, especially cases with oral manifestations d...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Abstract AP-1 is a dimeric complex that is composed of JUN, FOS, ATF and MAF protein families. FOS-related antigen 1 (FRA1) which encoded by FOSL1 gene, belongs to the FOS protein family, and mainly forms an AP-1 complex with the protein of the JUN family to exert an effect. Regulation of FRA1 occurs at levels of transcription and post-translational modification, and phosphorylation is the major post-translational modification. FRA1 is mainly regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway and is degraded by ubiquitin-independent proteasomes. FRA1 can affect biological functions, such as tumor...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
This study investigates differences in the effects on cell growth of cetuximab and EGFR TKI AG1478 at the molecular level using oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines. First, we found that there were EGFR-inhibitor-sensitive (EIS) and EGFR-inhibitor-resistant cell lines. The EIS cell lines expressed not only EGFR but also ErbB3, and both were clearly phosphorylated. The levels of phosphorylated ErbB3 were unaffected by cetuximab but were reduced by AG1478. EGFR ligand treatment increased the levels of phosphorylated EGFR but not phosphorylated ErbB3. Moreover, when EIS cell lines that were only capable of anchorage...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
To explore the application value of modified in-continuity resection compared with traditional in-continuity resection and discontinuous resection for patients with cT2N0M0 oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): S.N. Rogers, A. Swain, C. Carroll, D. LoweAbstractAfter their initial presentation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), patients have a lifelong risk of developing another new SCC of the head and neck. The aim of this study was to establish second primary rates, baseline characteristics (site, clinical or pathological stage, and smoking and alcohol history), timing, presentation, treatment, and outcomes. From the regional unit we analysed records of patients treated with curative intent for their first or...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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