Researchers identify key brain circuits for reward-seeking and avoidance behavior

Previously unrecognized pathways in mice have relevance for mental health and addiction research
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news

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I wondered if the bitter taste of the endings would overpower all the other memories of my first sober loves. I met C at the most inopportune moment imaginable: I was a full-blown heroin addict. He was not. We met on a video chat website called ChatRoulette, both of us drunk with our respective friends; he lived in California, I in New York. After a few months of daily phone calls and video chats I was head-over-heels in love and flew out to San Diego to meet him, doing my best to appear healthy and normal. I hadn’t told him and didn’t plan to. C was less a boyfriend than a hostage, an innocent pulled onto a ro...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Publishers Recovery Relationships The Fix Love sober Sobriety Source Type: blogs
Conclusion and Significance: Understanding the participants' lived experiences raised consciousness of the injustices that exist before and during rehabilitation which uncovered pointers to improve local substance addiction rehabilitation programs: use of occupation-based social participation interventions, limitation of occupational therapy services due to lack of human resources reinforcing interprofessional collaboration, a participatory approach is essential in discussing and addressing injustices, and deliberate use of political activities of daily living. PMID: 31322976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Mamun MA, Hossain MS, Siddique AB, Sikder MT, Kuss DJ, Griffiths MD Abstract Problematic Internet Use (PIU) has become a concern for public mental health across the globe. However, there are few studies assessing PIU in Bangladesh. The present cross-sectional study estimated the prevalence rate of PIU and its associated risk factors among 405 university students in Bangladesh between June and July 2018. The measures included sociodemographic questions, internet and health-related variables, the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). The prevalence of PIU was 3...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
ConclusionThe report aims at pointing out the possibility of undergoing this kind of surgery not only in case of pulmonary mass (on which the previous literature has focused) but also when mediastinum lesions occur, as in our case.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pretreatment characteristics differentially predict treatment response for heroin and cocaine use. Similar research in diverse patient groups may aid in the development of personalized treatment combining biologic treatment with targeted psychosocial interventions. PMID: 31315479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Ever since I was diagnosed with bipolar disorder in 1991, I’ve struggled with my weight. At that time, I weighed 125 and was prescribed lithium to control my highs and lows. The drug worked, but it and other psychotropic drugs contributed to a 20-pound weight gain. Then, as the years went by, I gained the weight that comes with aging. By 40, I weighed about 180. On a 5’3″ frame, this was a lot to carry. I gained even more weight when I struggled with breast cancer in my late 40s and 50s. At 56, I weighed a cool 188 with no clothes on. Recently, I gained even more (I contribute this gain to simply overindu...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anorexia Children and Teens Eating Disorders Habits Health-related Parenting Personal Adolescence Diet Food Addiction Lithium Weight Gain Source Type: blogs
In this study, we investigate the involvement of PFC DRD2 and DAT in ketamine addiction effects after ketamine administration for 10 weeks in nonhuman primates. To this end, after administering ketamine to rhesus monkeys for 10 weeks, we assessed changes in body weight and behavior. Additionally, neuronal changes in the PFC were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, the DRD2 and DAT mRNA and protein expression levels in the PFC were determined by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively. After 10-week ketamine administration, the assessment of the manifestations of toxicity in rhesus monkeys reveale...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This week’s Psychology Around the Net has the latest on a new virtual reality therapy trial for people diagnosed with serious mental illnesses, how people with mental health disorders are helping amend their descriptions in diagnostic guidelines, the issues that stop you from setting boundaries and how you can overcome those issues, and more. People With Mental Health Disorders Amend the Descriptions: What would happen if input from people who actually deal with mental health disorders on a daily basis was taken into consideration when it comes to the diagnostic guidelines describing said disorders? A new study set ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Around the Net Addiction Cannabis cannabis dependency cannabis treatment Loneliness Nhs Procrastination Productivity Psychosis Setting Boundaries Shame virtual reality Source Type: blogs
The objective of this document is to offer clinical guidance for screening, diagnosis and management of co-occurring betel quid chewing among persons with Diabetes Mellitus (DM). The document aims to provide education and guidance to clinicians engaged in care and management of persons with DM, and improve access to treatment for co-occurring betel quid chewing among persons with DM. The current recommendation grades are based on published evidence, and categorized as strong, intermediate, weak and no evidence. The strength of these recommendations is based on the level of evidence. PMID: 31315339 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
The rapid rise of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among youth subverts our traditional understanding of adolescent tobacco use, the natural history of nicotine addiction through the use of combustible tobacco, and the implications of dual use of e-cigarettes and combustible cigarettes. The ramifications of initiating tobacco use with nicotine vapor in adolescence are largely unknown, as are the appropriate classifications of adolescent tobacco users in the e-cigarette era or means to identify the populations most likely to benefit from nicotine cessation strategies.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
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