Endothelial Extracellular Vesicles Produced by Senescent Cells: Pathophysiological Role in the Cardiovascular Disease Associated with all Types of Diabetes Mellitus.

Endothelial Extracellular Vesicles Produced by Senescent Cells: Pathophysiological Role in the Cardiovascular Disease Associated with all Types of Diabetes Mellitus. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2018 Aug 19;: Authors: Carracedo J, Alique M, Ramirez-Carracedo R, Bodega G, Ramirez R Abstract Endothelial senescence-associated with aging or induced prematurely in pathological situations, such as diabetes, is a first step in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and particularly inflammatory cardiovascular diseases. The main mechanism that links endothelial senescence and the progression of CVD is the production of altered extracellular vesicles (EVs) by senescent endothelial cells among them, microvesicles (MVs). MVs are recognized as intercellular signaling elements that play a key role in regulating tissue homeostasis. However, MVs produced by damage cells or senescent cells conveyed epigenetic signals, mainly involving microRNAs, which induce many of the injured responses in other vascular cells leading to the development of CVD. Many studies strongly support that the quantification and characterization of the MVs released by senescent endothelial cells may be useful diagnostic tools in patients with CVD, as well as a future therapeutic target for these diseases. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge linking senescence-associated MVs to the development of CVD and discuss the roles of these MVs, in particular, in diabetic-associated increase...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Nehal M. Elsherbiny, Eman Said, Hoda Atef, Sawsan A. ZaitoneAbstractType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease with a drastically growing worldwide prevalence. It is usually associated with numerous complications of which; diabetic nephropathy (DN); is a main complication of microvasculature and more seriously, a common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Unfortunately, both the lack of a definitive remedy alongside the economic and the social burden on DN patients enforces considerable impetus for developing alterna...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Ohara N, Kobayashi M, Ikeda Y, Hoshi T, Morita S, Kanefuji T, Yagi K, Suda T, Takada T, Hasegawa G, Sato Y, Hirano K, Kosugi SI Abstract A 70-year-old man with insulinoma-associated antigen-2 autoantibodies developed diabetes mellitus (DM) without ketoacidosis after starting nivolumab to treat advanced gastric cancer. He subsequently exhibited preserved insulin-secretion capacity for over one year. Immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) infrequently cause type 1 DM associated with the rapid loss of insulin secretion and ketoacidosis as an immune-related adverse event. ICIs may also cause non-insulin-dependent...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this high-risk low-income cohort, contributions of risk factors to HF varied, particularly by race. To reduce the population burden of HF, interventions tailored for specific race and sex groups may be warranted.Graphical abstract
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The study shows that nearly half of the T2DM patients that exhibited low level of functional health literacy had low diabetes self-management.  Our findings also show that gender significantly affects diabetes self-management in which odds are a lot higher among females than males with diabetes self-management. This study underscores the importance of proper counselling and education about diabetes control on both patients and family members. PMID: 31707414 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results showed that, in ESRD patients, CRP and TNF-α seem to be largely affected by patients’ comorbidities, unlike IL-1β, which might be affected more by the dialysis process even in the absence of comorbidities.
Source: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with diverticulitis have high surgical site infection rates due to nonmodifiable risk factors. Our Prediction and Enaction of Prevention Treatments Trigger scale can risk stratify patients for targeting surgical site infection prevention bundles and outcomes risk adjustments.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusions: S-LYMPHA is a simple method, which decreases incidence of LE dramatically. It should be considered as an adjunct procedure to ALND for all patients during initial surgery.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Allostasis and allostatic load are new concepts explaining the changes in body stemming from chronic stress. These concepts are explained with the assessment of metabolic, cardiovascular, inflammatory, and neuroendocrine systems. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease with the fluctuations in fasting plasma glucose, and also in other various biomarkers and poses a risk forother chronic diseases. The course and duration of the disease, genetic factors, and environmental factors, including nutrition, aggravate these complications. Allostatic load is a multi-system assessment. Individuals’ compliance with th...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Younger patients and those who lose more weight in the first year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) have a better chance of achieving lasting type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) remission, new research shows.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: General Surgery News Source Type: news
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in individuals undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods: Records of consecutive 464 patients who underwent elective isolated CABG, between January 2015 and August 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. A major adverse cardiac event (MACE) was the primary outcome of this study. MACE in patients with low (L) ( 2 had 52.6% sensitivity and 84.1% specificity (AUC: 0.752, P
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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