Role of Abdominal Ultrasonography in the assessment of Neonatal Necrotising Enterocolitis

ConclusionUS was found to be highly sensitive and specific in diagnosing, staging and predicting the outcome of NEC patients, based on group of findings that were categorized per their risk ratio and correlated with outcome.
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

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AbstractThoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a rare neurovascular disorder generally caused by the presence of a cervical rib or hypertrophic scalene anterior muscle that can compress the brachial plexus and/or subclavian vessels. In the vascular form, the symptoms are caused by the compression of the artery and/or the subclavian vein. In the first case, the compression is caused by the cervical rib and leads to hypo-perfusion with cooling and cyanosis of the upper limb, while in the second case, the compression is caused by the anterior scalene muscle and leads to congestion, cyanosis, swelling and pain in the higher limb. I...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Sonographic and Doppler Sonographic Diagnosis of Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Preterm Infants and Newborns. Ultraschall Med. 2019 Jun;40(3):292-318 Authors: Deeg KH Abstract Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) occurs primarily in immature preterm infants with low birth weight. It has a prevalence of 7 - 11 % with a poor prognosis and a mortality rate of 20 - 40 %. Plain abdominal radiography is still considered the diagnostic method of first choice even though ultrasound can visualize significantly more findings suspicious for NEC. Such as thickened bowel walls, dilated fluid-filled bowel...
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultraschall Med Source Type: research
Vascularity is one of the factors determining successful bone regeneration. This prospective study focused on quantifying the microperfusion of tibial non-unions with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) 12  wk after revision surgery and comparing it with the osseous consolidation at a maximum of 24 mo assessed with standard radiography and computed tomography. Of 36 patients with tibial non-unions, 28 (77.8%) manifested consolidation, and 8 patients required further revision surgery. CEUS revealed significantly higher perfusion in consolidated versus persistent non-unions for all quantification parameters (e....
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
ConclusionThis meta-analysis identified several bowel US findings that are associated and not associated with surgery or death in NEC. Bowel US may be useful for early identification of high-risk infants with NEC who may benefit from more aggressive treatment, including surgery. Future studies are needed to determine whether the addition of bowel US in NEC evaluation would improve outcomes.
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Pulmonary hypertension may be idiopathic or related to a large variety of diseases. Various imaging examinations that may be  helpful in diagnosing and determining the etiology of pulmonary hypertension are discussed. Imaging examinations that may aid in the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension include chest radiography, ultrasound echocardiography, ventilation/perfusion scans, CT, MRI, right heart catheterization, pulmo nary angiography, and fluorine-18-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose PET/CT.The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that a...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Appropriate use criteria Source Type: research
Abstract A 34-year-old para V woman was referred to our centre at 35+1 weeks of gestation for an assumed fetal malformation with prenatal renal impairment and anhydramnios. Prenatal ultrasound demonstrated unilateral renal agenesis; the bladder was not detectable. The baby was born by caesarian section at 36+2 weeks of gestation because of placental insufficiency. Postnatal adaptation was uneventful, but the newborn presented external stigmas of trisomy 21 and progressive renal impairment with anuria. Nevertheless, the postnatal ultrasound showed two enlarged kidneys in loco typico with impaired perfusion but with...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol Source Type: research
Conclusions— Contrast-enhanced sonography can visualize the vascularity of nonunions in real time, while quantification software allows for a semiobjective evaluation of bone perfusion. The correlations of both quantitative contrast-enhanced sonography and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI with microbiological results show their high value for differentiation of infected from aseptic nonunions.
Source: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
February 2016 510(k) Clearances 510(k) summaries or 510(k) statements for final decisions rendered during the period February 2016. TOTAL 510(k)s THIS PERIOD 224 TOTAL WITH SUMMARIES 213 TOTAL WITH STATEMENTS 11 February 2016 510(k) Clearances 510(K) SUMMARIES OR 510(K) STATEMENTS FOR FINAL DECISIONS RENDERED DURING THE PERIOD February 2016 DEVICE: ANI Monitor MDOLORIS MEDICAL SYSTEMS SAS 510(k) NO: K142969(Traditional) ATTN: MATHILDE COLLET PHONE NO : 011 333 62092081 6, RUE DU PR LAGUESSE SE DECISION MADE: 23-FEB-16 LILLE FR 59037 510(k) SUMMARY AVAILABLE FROM FDA DEVICE: DBSWIN and VistaEasy Imaging Software Durr Dental...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Equipment Authors: Tags: 510(k) Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Regulatory/Compliance Source Type: news
Authors: Jain V, Chari R, Maslovitz S, Farine D, Maternal Fetal Medicine Committee, Bujold E, Gagnon R, Basso M, Bos H, Brown R, Cooper S, Gouin K, McLeod NL, Menticoglou S, Mundle W, Pylypjuk C, Roggensack A, Sanderson F Abstract Objective: Physical trauma affects 1 in 12 pregnant women and has a major impact on maternal mortality and morbidity and on pregnancy outcome. A multidisciplinary approach is warranted to optimize outcome for both the mother and her fetus. The aim of this document is to provide the obstetric care provider with an evidence-based systematic approach to the pregnant trauma patient. Outcomes:...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
Welcome to the 88th edition of Research and Reviews in the Fastlane. R&R in the Fastlane is a free resource that harnesses the power of social media to allow some of the best and brightest emergency medicine and critical care clinicians from all over the world tell us what they think is worth reading from the published literature. This edition contains 6 recommended reads. The R&R Editorial Team includes Jeremy Fried, Nudrat Rashid, Soren Rudolph, Anand Swaminathan and, of course, Chris Nickson. Find more R&R in the Fastlane reviews in the R&R Archive, read more about the R&R project or c...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: R&R in the FASTLANE critical care Education Emergency Medicine examination Intensive Care research and reviews Source Type: blogs
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