Molecular Variances Between Right- and Left-sided Colon Cancers

AbstractPurpose of ReviewDuring the past few years, several important clinical and molecular differences have been observed simply based on anatomic tumor location of colorectal cancer. With this review, we aimed to give an updated overview of the recent findings on tumor location as a surrogate of embryological, molecular, and clinical differences that have a direct impact on our daily clinical practice.Recent FindingsIncreasing evidence has demonstrated a role for the microbiota in shaping inflammatory environments and promoting CRC growth and spread, and now we know that bacterial phylotypes vary depending on the primary tumor location. Compelling evidence has shown that tumor sidedness has both a strong prognostic and predictive value. In fact, right-sided colon cancers display a markedly worse prognosis compared to left-sided tumors; moreover, it seems that right-sided RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer benefits from bevacizumab-based therapy while left-sided tumors have better outcomes with cetuximab-based treatment in the first-line setting. Since the underlying reasons of these differences are yet unknown, further investigations are warranted in this expanding and relevant field.SummaryIn this review, we summarize the actual knowledge on the clinical, microbiome, and molecular differences observed between right- and left-sided colon cancers. We also present an overview of the existing data on the prognostic and predictive impact of tumor sidedness on metastati...
Source: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The diagnostic value and prognostic value of significant DEMIs in cancers of the digestive tract were identified, which may provide a novel direction for treatment and prognosis improvement of cancers of the digestive tract. PMID: 31737678 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Apigenin is a flavonoid of low toxicity and multiple beneficial bioactivities. Published reviews all focused on the findings using eukaryotic cells, animal models, or epidemiological studies covering the pharmacokinetics, cancer chemoprevention, and drug interactions of apigenin; however, no review is available on the antimicrobial effects of apigenin. Research proves that dietary apigenin passes through the upper gastrointestinal tract and reaches the colon after consumption. For that reason, it is worthwhile to study the potential interactions between apigenin and human gut microbiota. This review summa...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Juan Liao, Siyu Peng, Mei Long, Yaya Zhang, Huaming Yang, Yi Zhang, Jing HuangAbstractNatural halloysite clay nanotubes (halloysite nanotubes, HNTs) are potentially used in colon cancer therapy owing to their excellent physicochemical properties. However, the size-dependent interaction between HNTs and colon cancer cells is still an unresolved challenge. Herein, we analyzed the interfacial interactions between HNTs and colon cancer cells, and evaluated the size-dependent biological effects o...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
MALAT1 inhibits the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in colon cancer cells and affects cell proliferation and apoptosis. Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2019 Nov 15;: Authors: Zhang J, Li Q, Xue B, He R Abstract Metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a highly conserved long noncoding RNA, which has been related to various pathological processes, including cancer. The role and mechanism of MALAT1 in colon cancer are not clear. We investigated MALAT1 expression in colon cancer tissues, the effect of MALAT1 on proliferation and apoptosis of SW480 cells, and the signaling pathway invo...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
Many factors can cause colon pain, including constipation, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, and colorectal cancer. Learn more about the causes of colon pain and their treatment options here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: GastroIntestinal / Gastroenterology Source Type: news
Abstract Cloning the open reading frame (ORF) of a protein-coding chimeric RNA into a mammalian expression vector is a simple, practiced way to study the function of the chimeric RNA. Here, we provide procedures for the insertion of the RRM2-C2orf48 fusion ORF into a mammalian expression vector, achieving the overexpression of the RRM2-C2orf48 fusion protein in a colon cancer cell line by retroviral transduction. PMID: 31728969 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Colhado Rodrigues BL, Lallo MA, Perez EC Abstract Autophagy is a natural regulatory mechanism of the cell that eliminates unnecessary and dysfunctional cellular components to maintain homeostasis. Several authors have demonstrated that this mechanism can be induced by pathological conditions as cancer. However, their role in tumor development is still a controversial issue in cancer research. Here, we discussed the most relevant findings concerning autophagy in tumor development. In this critical review performed with studies published between 2002 and 2018, we found that the main pathway involved in the a...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Introduction: Acoustic Cluster Therapy (ACT) comprises coadministration of a formulation containing microbubble-microdroplet clusters (PS101) together with a regular medicinal drug and local ultrasound (US) insonation of the targeted pathological tissue. PS101 is confined to the vascular compartment and when the clusters are exposed to regular diagnostic imaging US fields, the microdroplets undergo a phase shift to produce bubbles with a median diameter of 22 µm. Low frequency, low mechanical index US is then applied to drive oscillations of the deposited ACT bubbles to induce biomechanical effects that locally enhan...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Premalatha Pushpanathan, Gifty Sara Mathew, Sribal Selvarajan, Krishna G Seshadri, Padma SrikanthIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2019 37(2):268-277 Gut microbiota are microorganisms that inhabit the gut; they coexist peacefully with the host, thereby contributing to the health and well-being of individuals. Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes largely dominate the gut microbial flora. The intestinal flora promotes intestinal mucosal integrity, provides essential nutrients such as vitamins and enzymes, protects the body against pathogens and produces antimicrobial peptides such as defensins, C-type lectins, cathelicidins, t...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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