Clinical Manifestation of Hyper IgE Syndrome Including Otitis Media

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe hyper IgE syndromes (HIES) comprise a group of rare primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDDs), which are characterized by extremely high serum IgE levels, eczema, recurrent skin and pulmonary infections. Both autosomal dominant (AD) HIES due to STAT3 mutations and autosomal recessive (AR) HIES due to PGM3, SPINK5, DOCK8 and TKY2 mutations have been reported. Here, we aim to summarize and compare the major clinical manifestations of different subtypes of HIES. We will also discuss otitis media, which usually do not get enough attention in HIES. Update and familiarity with these clinical features will help to make a better diagnose, assessment and treatment of HIES.Recent FindingsAlthough hyper serum IgE levels have been identified in PGM3 deficiency and Comel –Netherton syndrome,PGM3 andSPINK5 genes were not included in the list of genetic etiologies of AR-HIES by the Expert Committee of the International Union of Immunological Societies until 2015. The identification of these HIES-causing genes greatly promoted the pathogenic mechanism studies of HIES. Also, in recent years, more clinical manifestations, which were often not of concern in HIES patients, have been shown to be highly related to HIES. For example, a significantly high frequency of vascular and gastrointestinal abnormities has been reported in STAT3-deficient AD-HIES patients. These new findings might help to provide new clues to the functional study of these HIES-related genes...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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