Preoperative Fascia Iliaca Block Does Not Improve Analgesia after Arthroscopic Hip Surgery, but Causes Quadriceps Muscles Weakness A Randomized, Double-blind Trial

Conclusions Preoperative fascia iliaca blockade in addition to intraarticular local anesthetic injection did not improve pain control after hip arthroscopy but did result in quadriceps weakness, which may contribute to an increased fall risk. Routine use of this block cannot be recommended in this patient population.
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND Ultrasound-guided interscalene block (ISB) is the reference technique for pain control after ambulatory upper limb surgery, but supraclavicular block (SCB) is an alternative. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of SCB vs. ISB in patients undergoing ambulatory arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR), with the hypothesis of noninferiority of SCB analgesia compared with ISB. DESIGN A randomised, single-blind, noninferiority study. SETTING Hôpital Privé Jean Mermoz, Centre Paul Santy, Lyon, France. PATIENTS Ambulatory ARCR patients. INTERVENTION Patients were ra...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Loco-regional anaesthesia Source Type: research
Authors: Cho CH, Bae KC, Kim DH Abstract Frozen shoulder (FS) is a common shoulder disorder characterized by a gradual increase of pain of spontaneous onset and limitation in range of motion of the glenohumeral joint. The pathophysiology of FS is relatively well understood as a pathological process of synovial inflammation followed by capsular fibrosis, but the cause of FS is still unknown. Treatment modalities for FS include medication, local steroid injection, physiotherapy, hydrodistension, manipulation under anesthesia, arthroscopic capsular release, and open capsular release. Conservative management leads to i...
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Peripheral nerve blocks targeting the fascia iliaca compartment have been used in attempts to improve postoperative pain after hip arthroscopy surgery. Recent level I evidence from randomized controlled trials have revealed injection of local anesthetic into the fascia iliaca compartment to be no better than sham injection for postoperative pain control, while contributing to decreased patient quadriceps strength and increased fall risk after surgery. The fascia iliaca compartment block is also inferior to local anesthetic injection at the surgery site for pain control.
Source: Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Editorial Commentary Source Type: research
This study is the first to evaluate the beneficial effects of the C8 nerve root block during ISBPB, which has rarely been performed due to the technical challenge in visualizing and blocking the C8 nerve root. It is expected that a C8 nerve root block performed during ISBPB will provide sufficient surgical anesthesia of the posterior aspect of the shoulder, which cannot be achieved by a classical approach to ISBPB.Trial,NCT03487874. Registered on 4 April 2018.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Editor ’s PerspectiveWhat We Already Know about This TopicInterscalene nerve block is commonly used for shoulder surgery for anesthesia and postoperative analgesiaUnfortunately, interscalene blocks commonly result in hemidiaphragmatic paralysisWhat This Article Tells Us That Is NewWhen interscalene block was compared with superior trunk block, less frequent hemidiaphragmatic paralysis was seen in the superior trunk block groupSuperior trunk block was noninferior to interscalene block in terms of worst pain scores in the recovery room, and superior trunk block patients were more satisfiedBackground Interscalene nerve ...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: While both groups showed improved pain and function scores after ASAD, no significant difference was seen between groups receiving placebo or hyaluronan. The intervention is safe but, in this study, has not been shown to improve postoperative pain or function over ASAD alone. Level of evidence: I.
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare clinical efficacy and safety of chloroprocaine and lidocaine in epidural anesthesia for outpatient knee arthroscopy. Eighty patients undergoing knee arthroscopy were randomly allocated to receive 3% 2-chloroprocaine (group C, n = 40) or 2% lidocaine (group L, n = 40) for epidural block. Latency to anesthesia onset, highest block level, time to achieve peak effect, time to complete sensory and motor block regression, vital signs including respiration and hemodynamics, and complications during follow-up were recorded. No significant differences were found in the latency to anesthesia onset and pea...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) Source Type: research
The opioid epidemic continues to be a problem in the United States and prescription opioid overdose fatalities continue to rise. Chronic opioid use threatens military readiness and puts service members at risk for medical separation from military service. Orthopedic surgeons commonly prescribe opioid medications for postsurgical patients. Long-term opioid use can be the result of acute, postoperative opioid intake. Overprescribing may increase the risk of long-term opioid use, medication diversion and adverse outcomes. Preoperative administration of opioids dramatically increases the risk of continued use up to 1 year afte...
Source: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionThis cadaveric study suggests that it is feasible and safe to perform, under local anaesthesia, a minimally invasive arthroscopic tenotomy of the LHB and subacromial injection using an in-office setting. Further clinical studies are needed to confirm the reliability, indication and effectiveness of this technique.
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Although temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopy outcomes have been well documented in the adult population, conclusive data are lacking for pediatric patients with TMJ disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the early and late outcomes of TMJ arthroscopy in the pediatric population.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Anesthesia/TMJ disorders/facial pain Source Type: research
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