The survey of parasitic infections of wild pigeons ( Columba livia ) in Lahijan city, Guilan, Iran

AbstractPigeons of the order Columbiformes especially wild pigeons (Columba livia), are of concern since they have a role in spreading some zoonoses to people as well as being a reservoir of many parasitic diseases for poultry.The aim of this investigation was to study on parasitic infections ofColumba livia. This survey was conducted from 180Columba livia in four parts of the Lahijan city, Northern area of Iran, between March 2015 and April 2016. From 180 pigeons, 43.33 and 36.66% were infected with nematodes and cestodes respectively whereas no trematodes were found. The helminths were Nematoda:Ascaridia columbae (50%),Capillaria obsignata (38.4%)Acuaria spiralis (7.6%), Cestoda:Raillietina magninumida (54.5%),Raillietina echinobothrida (45.4%),Raillietina tetragona (45.4%). Eight different species of ectoparasites includedPseudolynchia canariensis (73.3%),Columbicola columbae (88.3%),Dermanyssus gallinae (3.3%),Falculifer rostratus (31.6%),Menopon gallinae (6.6%),Goniodes sp. (53.3%),Menacanthus stramineus(41.6%),Megninia cubitalis (13.3%). Also, two species of protozoa were found:Haemoproteus columbae in 78.33% of blood samples andTrichomonas gallinae of 50% of crop smears. Our finding showed that incidence the rate of parasitic infections inColumba livia was high. It advises to more studies in this background.
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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This study was aimed to assess the eggs of gastrointestinal parasites of stray dogs and household dogs in lower Dir district, Pakistan with special consideration to those that can be spread to humans. One hundred and fifty two stool specimens from (stray dogs=90 and household dogs=62) were collected. The helminth eggs were processed by direct smear method and centrifugation techniques and identified by microscopic examination. Of the total examined dogs 26.8% (n=41 /152) were found to be infected with one or more intestinal parasites. The intestinal helminths detected were Dipylidium caninum (n =18, 11.8%), followed by Tox...
Source: Braz J Biol - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research
by Anastasia Diakou, Angela Di Cesare, Simone Morelli, Mariasole Colombo, Lenaig Halos, Giulia Simonato, Androniki Tamvakis, Frederic Beugnet, Barbara Paoletti, Donato Traversa The present study investigated the presence of endo- and ecto-parasites, and vector-borne pathogens, in dogs from four islands of Greece. A total of 200 (123 owned and 77 sheltered) dogs were examined with different microscopic, serological and molecular methods. Of the examined dogs, 130 (65%) we re positive for one or more parasites and/or vector-borne pathogens. The most common zoonotic intestinal helminths recorded were Ancylostomatidae (12.5%)...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): K. Gonzalez, J.E. Calzada, R. Díaz, H. Paz, Victor García, A. Miranda, T. Tomokane, S. Puga, A. Saldaña, M. LaurentiAbstractCutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most frequent parasitic zoonoses in Panama. Currently, conventional, molecular and histopathological tests are performed to diagnose CL. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has proven to be a valuable tool to facilitate the diagnosis of leishmaniasis and to study the cellular immune response developed during the infection. Therefore, considering the absenc...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Amir Hossein Zahirnia, Ali Bordbar, Sahar Ebrahimi, Adel Spotin, Somayeh Mohammadi, Seyedeh Maryam Ghafari, Setareh Ahmadvand, Negar Jabbari, Ahmad Reza Esmaeili Rastaghi, Parviz ParviziAbstractBackgroundLeishmania major is a causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the center of Iran, Abarkouh district. Molecular characterization and precise incrimination of Leishmania species was carried out to perform controlling measurements and to design treatment programs for zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis.M...
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Leishmania major is a causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the center of Iran, Abarkouh district. Molecular characterization and precise incrimination of Leishmania species was carried out to perform controlling measurements and to design treatment programs for zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. METHODS: All smears isolated from ulcers of suspected patients were examined under a light microscope and graded for amastigotes frequency. Extraction of DNA, PCR, RFLP and sequencing of ITS-rDNA genotype were done to increase the efficacy of Leishmania parasites identification at...
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
This study was aimed to investigate the parasite species and genetic diversity of isolates obtained from CL patients based on the N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate transferase (nagt) gene. Methods: Exudate materials were collected from the swollen margin of the skin lesions of the patients suspected with CL who were referred to health centers laboratory of Mehran, Dehloran, Ilam and Malekshahi cities in the Ilam province. Demographic data were collected through a questionnaire. Smears were stained and examined microscopically. In total, 62 parasitologically positive samples were subjected to PCR-RFLP of nagt gene for ide...
Source: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Vector Borne Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Riboldi E, Carvalho F, Romão PRT, Barcellos RB, Bello GL, Ramos RR, de Oliveira RT, Júnior JPA, Rossetti ML, Dallegrave E Abstract In Brazil, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is expanding and becoming urbanized, especially in non-endemic areas such as the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Considering that infected dogs are the main reservoir for zoonotic VL, this study evaluated the prevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, a new area of expansion of VL in Brazil. Serum and plasma from 405 asymptomatic dogs from the municipalities of Canoas (n=107), S&at...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Authors: Yousefi A, Eslami A, Rahbari S, Mobedi I Abstract BACKGROUND: The prevalence and intensity of endo and ectoparasites in shrews inhabiting in the Dasht-e Razan of Hamedan Province, Iran, were determined in this study. METHODS: By live traps, 64 shrews belong to species bicoloured white-toothed shrews (Crocidura leucodon) were trapped during 2010-2012. Captured animals were euthanized and their gender recorded. The blood thick and thin smears were stained with Geimsa and examined for protozoan parasites. Then, ectoparasites were collected and preserved in 70% ethanol and after necropsies; different organ...
Source: Iranian Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Iran J Parasitol Source Type: research
This study evaluated seasonality, prevalence and richness of intestinal parasites in three species of neotropical primates: Cebus versicolor, Ateles hybridus and Alouatta seniculus, in a fragmented forest in the Middle Magdalena river valley, Colombia. One hundred and eighty five faecal samples were collected between 2010 and 2015. Direct faecal smears were performed with saline solution (0.85%) and iodine solution (1%), in order to identify larvae and eggs based on their morphology. A large proportion of the samples examined (72.9%) was positive for intestinal parasites; seven families of nematodes were identified: Trichu...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2017 Source:Veterinary Parasitology Author(s): Bruno César Miranda Oliveira, Elis Domingos Ferrari, Mariele Fernanda da Cruz Panegossi, Alex Akira Nakamura, Flávio Sader Corbucci, Walter Bertequini Nagata, Bianca Martins dos Santos, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes, Marcelo Vasconcelos Meireles, Giovanni Widmer, Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani The carrier pigeon and the domestic pigeon are different breeds of the species Columba livia. Carrier pigeons are used for recreational activities such as bird contests and exhibitions. Due to the close contact with humans, these birds ...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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