The Role of Circadian Rhythms in Postpartum Sleep and Mood

Women often experience sleep disturbances and worsening sleep quality throughout pregnancy and postpartum. Circadian rhythms are closely linked to sleep problems and mood disorders. This systematic review provides a summary of studies of circadian rhythms and associated sleep problems and maternal distress, among postpartum women. Articles were idenitfied through a systematic literature search. Circadian rhythm disturbances were strongly correlated with depression, social factors and mothers`s exposure to light postpartum. Future research should include larger, prospective studies as well as randomized controlled trials for measuring effect of circadian rhythm interventions on postpartum mental health outcomes.
Source: Sleep Medicine Clinics - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this article is to provide the current evidences on respiratory and airway medicine in the obstetric population.Recent FindingsThe prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among pregnant women is increasing. Upper body elevation improves respiratory mechanics in parturients and reduces the risk of postpartum OSA. Clinically significant respiratory depression from neuraxial opioid administration, compared to parenteral, is extremely rare.The incidence of failed tracheal intubation in obstetric patients is higher than that in non-obstetric patients and it has been unchanged recently...
Source: Current Anesthesiology Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite lack of professional guidelines for expectant fathers, experts generally agreed on the content that should be shared with expectant fathers from pregnancy through early infancy, especially in the domains of infant support and partner support. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study can assist clinicians and practitioners on guidance to share with expectant fathers during their partner's pregnancy and the early postnatal period. Dissemination of such guidance to fathers can assist in benefiting all members of the family. PMID: 30611921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
Prepare for the “challenging” baby, but keep the dream of the “fantasy” baby.  I know you are going to be the lucky parents with the baby who sleeps through the night, latches on the first try, loves sleeping in a crib, and has cries that are easily soothed. But just in case you end up with a “real” baby, you might want to have a game plan for the worst case scenario. Here are some things to think about and discuss before baby arrives: Have some phrases that signal to your partner that it’s time for them to step in. “I need a break now.” (Translation: “...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Family Marriage and Divorce Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Pregnancy Self-Help Women's Issues New Parents Newborn postpartum depression Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: it is concluded that there is a significant relationship between the breathing exercise and the quality of sleep. So breathing exercises is one of the one of the non-pharmacological interventions effective in improving sleep quality during pregnancy.Keywords: Primigravida, Sleep quality, Breathing exercises, PSQI.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Physiotherapists Source Type: research
AbstractIntroduction Although home-visiting programs typically engage families during pregnancy, few studies have examined maternal and child health outcomes during the antenatal and newborn period and fewer have demonstrated intervention impacts. Illinois has developed an innovative model in which programs utilizing evidence-based home-visiting models incorporate community doulas who focus on childbirth education, breastfeeding, pregnancy health, and newborn care. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examines the impact of doula-home-visiting on birth outcomes, postpartum maternal and infant health, and newborn care pra...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
This study evaluated the relationship between sleep quality and symptoms of depression and anxiety in women studied in pregnancy and postpartum. Scores on standardized measures of sleep (PSQI) at 6  months postpartum, and symptoms of anxiety and depression (OASIS, the PHQ9, and EPDS) were assessed by structured interviews in 116 women in pregnancy and/or postpartum. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with greater symptoms of depression and anxiety. Women who had significantly hig her OASIS (anxiety) scores (β = .530,p 
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
BOSTON (CBS) – A new report in the journal Pediatrics says visiting a pediatrician before giving birth could give your unborn baby a leg up when it comes to good health. Most pediatrician offices offer a pre-natal visit but only five to forty percent of first time parents have one. The best time is in the third trimester, weeks before the baby arrives. This early visit will allow expectant parents to start building a trusting relationship with their child’s doctor, allow them to ask questions, and will give the doctor an opportunity to advise parents on health prevention issues like vaccines, the proper use of ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall Pediatrics Pregnancy Source Type: news
This study aimed to understand the association between prenatal sleep disorders and postpartum depression. The National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan (between 2000 and 2010) was used to assess the effects of prenatal sleep disorder on the risk of postpartum depression using Cox regression analyses. Prenatal sleep disorder in pregnant women increased the risk of developing postpartum depression (the risk in the sleep disorder cases was 5.359-fold increased compared with control cases). In addition, regardless of postpartum week (≤ 6 weeks, 6-12 weeks, or> 12weeks), the risk of developing postpartum depr...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
A range of factors including biological, socio-emotional, early parenting practices and cultural practices, and parental expectations can potentially influence the development of sleep patterns in infants. For many families there are challenges adjusting to infant sleep patterns and unsettled infants can adversely affect both parental and infant wellbeing. However, whether infant sleep patterns can influence the development of maternal depression remains unclear. In several studies, maternal depression has been implicated as an associated factor in infant sleep, but the true nature of the relationship between maternal ment...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
We examined 1,221 cases from a population-based birth cohort, with subjective measures during pregnancy in mothers, and at 3 months after birth in the infants. The findings showed that all the maternal risk factors during pregnancy, except for symptoms of alcoholism and sleepiness, were related to sleep difficulties in infants. Interestingly, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder symptomatology in mothers during pregnancy was the only variable that predicted more than two sleeping difficulties (i.e. long sleep-onset latency, co-sleeping with parents and irregular sleeping routines) at 3 months old. Our res...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
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