Management Strategies for Restless Legs Syndrome/Willis-Ekbom Disease During Pregnancy

This article summarizes the main treatment options recommended by the consensus clinical guidelines of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group and provides a short guide to the management of restless leg syndrome during pregnancy in clinical practice.
Source: Sleep Medicine Clinics - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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The objective of the present study was to investigate the frequency and the risk factors for restless legs syndrome (RLS) during pregnancy in an Italian population rarely studied, in epidemiological studies on the syndrome. A total of 648 women (median age: 35 years; interquartile range: 32-38), who delivered on randomly selected days at the obstetric department of our hospital, were identified. One hundred and thirty-two women (20.4%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 17.3-23.5) met the criteria for a diagnosis of RLS. The odds ratio (OR) of RLS was, in comparison with women aged
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence, predictive factors, and natural course of RLS, and its effect on sleep quality in pregnant Thai women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study that included 214 pregnant women was performed. RLS was diagnosed according to the revised criteria of the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG). General demographic and antenatal-care data were reviewed. Scores on the Thai versions of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the IRLSSG Rating Scale were determined. RESULTS: RLS was diagnosed in 24 of the pregnant women (11.2%): 4.2%, 25.0%, and 70.8% in t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Journal of Sleep Research, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
From the age of menarche through menopause, women report insufficient sleep and insomnia more frequently than men of similar ages. The physiological and hormonal changes that occur during puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, perimenopause, and menopause all influence women’s sleep architecture and sleep quality. The prevalence of some sleep disorders, such as insomnia, hypersomnia, and restless legs syndrome are all higher in women compared with men. The prevalence of other sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea and some parasomnias, increase in women during specific stages of life. At the same time, th...
Source: Clinical Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Topics in Pulmonary Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract There are many ways in which women experience sleep differently than men. Women contend with distinct sleep challenges, respond differently to sleep disorders, sleep deprivation and deficiency, and face particular health outcomes as a result of poor sleep. Idiosyncrasies - including changes that occur with the biological life cycles of menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause- make the understanding of sleep in women an important topic to study. Each phase of a woman's life, from childhood to menopause, increases the risk of sleep disturbance in unique ways that may require distinct management. Indeed, new ...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Restless legs syndrome (RLS; also known as Willis-Ekbom disease), is a common neurological sensorimotor disorder, which is characterized by uncomfortable sensations in the extremities and an urgent need to move one's legs (RP  et al., 2003). The severity of the symptoms range from occurring only occasionally to nightly and severe, with almost total disruption of sleep (Walters, 2003). Large population studies using full diagnostic criteria reported on the prevalence of clinically significant RLS rates of over 5% in wes tern industrial countries, with a lower prevalence in Asian populations (Allen et al....
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
The prevalence of RLS in pregnancy is higher when compared with the general population however it remains unknown among indigenous black Africans. Available data indicate that RLS is uncommon in sub-Saharan Africa. We embarked on this study to determine the prevalence and characteristics of RLS in an antenatal clinic sample of Nigerian pregnant women compared with a primary care sample of non-pregnant women.
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Semin Neurol 2017; 37: 661-668 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608843Sleep and pregnancy are dynamic processes with unique and evolving physiological substrates. Given the “restorative hypothesis” of sleep as an anabolic process essential for cellular and tissue regeneration, the largely unexplored role of sleep in gestational physiology and pregnancy outcomes promises to be a fascinating topic. Emerging literature suggests that objectively measured or self-reported short sleep duration may be a risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertension, and cesarean deliv...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
This study aims to estimate the prevalence of RLS in pregnancy in South Indian population and its association with serum ferritin levels.
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) Source Type: research
Pregnant women are more likely to be affected by restless legs syndrome (RLS) than the general population. Restless legs syndrome during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Currently unknown is the worldwide and regional prevalence of RLS in pregnant women. We performed a meta-analysis to provide a full profile of the prevalence of RLS during pregnancy. A systematic search of the PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases was performed to identify studies that were published up to April 2017, followed by random-effects meta-analyses.
Source: Sleep Medicine Reviews - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Review Source Type: research
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