Comparison of DEXA and Bioimpedance for Body Composition Measurements in Nondialysis Patients With CKD

The aims of this study are (1) to compare dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and bioimpedance for body composition measurements in nondialysis patients with chronic kidney disease, and (2) to investigate factors associated with any measurement differences.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

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Skinfold thickness measurements for assessing body composition are reported to have good reproducibility compared to the reference method of dual energy absorptiometry (DXA). In the current study, we compared the level of agreement between body composition measured with DXA and skinfold thickness (SFT) in CKD Stage 3 and 4, at 2 occasions, 6  months apart.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
This study suggests that: adult RTR sarcopenia prevalence varies according to the diagnostic criteria; low muscle mass, low muscle function and low physical performance are common conditions; body adiposity association with sarcopenia depends on the criteria used to define this syndrome; and FNIH criteria detected higher adiposity in individuals with sarcopenia. PMID: 31551095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
We examined human lung tissue from COPD patients and normal control subjects, and found a substantial increase in p16-expressing alveolar cells in COPD patients. Using a transgenic mouse deficient for p16, we demonstrated that lungs of mice lacking p16 were structurally and functionally resistant to CS-induced emphysema due to activation of IGF1/Akt regenerative and protective signaling. Fat Tissue Surrounds Skeletal Muscle to Accelerate Atrophy in Aging and Obesity https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/09/fat-tissue-surrounds-skeletal-muscle-to-accelerate-atrophy-in-aging-and-obesity/ Researchers her...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Bone disease is frequently observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and increases a patient's risk for fracture. Sclerostin is an osteocyte-derived negative regulator of bone formation. We aimed to assess serum sclerostin level as a bone marker in children with CKD on regular hemodialysis (HD) and detect the association between this and bone density status. This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted on 25 children with CKD on HD and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy children, as controls. Their ages ranged from 4 to 18 years. Serum sclerostin levels were measured and dual-energy X-ray absorptiomet...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Conditions:   Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease;   Chronic Kidney Diseases;   PreDiabetes;   Kidney Transplant Interventions:   Diagnostic Test: MR spectroscopy of the liver;   Diagnostic Test: Fibroscan of the liver;   Device: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) for four days.;   Diagnostic Test: Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT);   Diagnostic Test: Intra venous glucose infusion (IIGI);   Radiation: Dua l Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scan;   Biological: Blood samples;...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionOur results highlighted that low BMD in patients with CKD is associated with age and hyperparathyroidism, and affects predominantly the hip.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Serum ALP may serve as a good indicator for predicting 2-year fractures in patients with CKD on maintenance dialysis. PMID: 30377117 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Southern Medical University - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Stephany I. Adame Perez, Peter A. Senior, Catherine J. Field, Kailash Jindal, Diana R. MagerAbstractObjectivesFrailty can cause increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, such as falls, fractures, depression and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This cross-sectional study compared the differences in body composition, HRQoL, mental health and cognitive and vitamin D (vitD) status with health-care utilization by frail and nonfrail adults with diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2) and with chronic kidney diseas...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractSummaryOsteoporosis has become an important health concern even in men. We aimed to analyze its prevalence and associated factors in Korean men. Low socioeconomic status, unhealthy lifestyle, and chronic kidney disease increased the risk. High-risk men even at young age need to evaluate bone mineral density, and proper interventions should be reinforced.PurposeOwing to an increase in the elderly population, osteoporosis and consequent fractures have become important health concerns even in men. We aimed to analyze the prevalence of osteoporosis in Korean men and identify risk factors associated with male osteoporos...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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