Prenatal Maternal Anxiety and Children's Brain Structure and Function: A Systematic Review of Neuroimaging Studies

Mental illness is common prenatally and postpartum, with up to 25% of women experiencing a pathological level of stress, anxiety, and/or depression during the perinatal period (Kingston  et al., 2012). Mental illness during and after pregnancy can impact the fetus and child, with effects including lower Apgar scores in newborns, increased emotional problems, and risk for mental health difficulties in children and adolescents (Stein et al., 2014). Prenatal anxiety disorders spec ifically increase the likelihood of premature birth and low birthweight infants (Rondo et al., 2003; Wadhwa et al., 1993), negatively affecting children's physical, neurological, and cognitive development.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Gaps in memory and various memory types were common after ICU admission, whose prevalence waned over time. Compared with nightmares and fearful memories, gaps in memories were most strongly associated with poor mental health and quality of life. Identifying patients with gaps in memories might be an objective way of planning interventions to improve their long-term outcomes.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Hello, I usually dislike these posts, but I am having a huge amount fo anxiety regarding this and want to talk more about it with people who might have some honest input. I am an American Med student interested in general surgery (but also very open to OBGYN yet general surgery comes first). I have done great in my preclinicals and then life happened: 1) I really did not do well on my step 1 (literally barely passed so keep that in mind). 2) I failed my Family med shelf. Otherwise I am... Read more
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medical Students (MD) Source Type: forums
Pioneering psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who specialised in studying the effects of stillbirth on women ’s mental healthThe psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Stanford Bourne, who has died aged 92 of congestive cardiac failure, broke the silence in the 1960s surrounding the anguish of stillbirth. His work opened up discussion, addressed medical bias, and guided doctors and midwives towards a more compassionate approach.In the 60s, 18,000 women a year had a stillborn baby, but it was cloaked in secrecy. Well-meaning staff quickly removed babies before parents could see, name or hold them, and they were “disposed of...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Psychiatry Medical research Pregnancy Mental health Doctors London Books Source Type: news
AbstractSeries of grafting functionalization on silica microspheres were achieved to mono and bi-functionalized polymers for uranium recovery. Bi-functionalization sorbent is the most effective through improving the sorption capacity and other physico-chemical properties. Completed sorption time reached within 25  min for PAO-MAc/SiO2 at pH 4 with loading capacity 0.98  mmol U g−1, while the PFORE and Langmuir fitting the kinetics and isotherm plateaus respectively with completely desorption through 15  min using 0.5 M HCl. The sorbent shows high stability in sorption and desorption through minimu...
Source: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
The new law prohibits abortions after about six weeks, a very early stage of pregnancy. Many women are now traveling out of state for...
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
We investigated the relationships between individual and occupational demographic variables, professional quality of life (i.e., compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress), and affective distress (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress) in a sample of 524 prelicensed counselors. Using structural equation analysis, we found statistically significant relationships between the professional quality of life and affective distress latent variables. Implications for supporting the needs of prelicensed counselors in supervision are discussed. Study limitations and suggestions for future research are offered.
Source: Journal of Counseling and Development - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Photo credit Aaron Andrew Dear Carol: My dad has dementia, probably Alzheimer’s, and I’m struggling with how to help him. He fights everything that I tell him would make his life easier. I know that assisted living is in his future but I’m trying to care for him in his home for now. How do I convince him that I ​just​ want to help him​ stay safe and his being mad at me for everything I do​ is making this impossible? - SL Continue reading on Inforum for some tips that may help SL manage her dad's care better at home and even in memory care: Minding Our Elders: Caregivers Share Their Personal Storie...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to investigate the effects of comprehensive nursing intervention on maternal and infant outcomes for GDM patients.MethodsNinety-three GDM patients were randomly divided into intervention group (45 cases) and control group (48 cases). During the perinatal period, the control group received the routine nursing (one-off health education and nutrition and exercise guidance, regular pregnancy monitoring, regular postpartum care, etc.). The intervention group received the comprehensive nursing intervention including psychological intervention, health education, diet control, exercise intervention, pregnancy moni...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Maternal health risks were associated with increased adult preventive visits, but 38% of dyads had no adult preventive visits in the year following birth. Most dyads had more opportunities for preventive care in pediatric settings than adult settings.
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): N. Di Biase, S. Balducci, C. Lencioni, A. Bertolotto, A. Tumminia, A.R. Dodesini, B. Pintaudi, T. Marcone, E. Vitacolonna, A. NapoliAbstractThe aim of this review is to provide general suggestions about physical activity (PA) in pre-gestational and gestational diabetes (GDM) and encourage women to take part in safe and effective activities throughout pregnancy, in the absence of other contraindications. Physical activity before, during pregnancy and postpartum has many positive effects on the mother as it c...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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