Prenatal Maternal Anxiety and Children's Brain Structure and Function: A Systematic Review of Neuroimaging Studies

Mental illness is common prenatally and postpartum, with up to 25% of women experiencing a pathological level of stress, anxiety, and/or depression during the perinatal period (Kingston  et al., 2012). Mental illness during and after pregnancy can impact the fetus and child, with effects including lower Apgar scores in newborns, increased emotional problems, and risk for mental health difficulties in children and adolescents (Stein et al., 2014). Prenatal anxiety disorders spec ifically increase the likelihood of premature birth and low birthweight infants (Rondo et al., 2003; Wadhwa et al., 1993), negatively affecting children's physical, neurological, and cognitive development.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Related Links:

We examined correlates of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in adults using pooled data from epilepsy self-management studies conducted by sites in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Research Center's Managing Epilepsy Well (MEW) Network that assessed depression severity with the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Of the 770 subjects in the analysis (mean age 42.4 ± 13.0 years), the mean total PHQ-9 score was 9.4 ± 6.6 and 334 subjects (43.4%) had moderate to severe depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 ≥ 10). Only ongoing seizures and low education were associated wi...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPalliative sedation is an alternative to alleviate end-of-life patient suffering due to refractory symptoms, particularly dyspnea and delirium, after all other treatment options have been exhausted. Decision making involves prior explanations, discussions and agreement of the team, patient, and/or family members. It can be performed in general hospital units, hospices and even at home. Midazolam is the most indicated drug, and neuroleptics may also be required in the presence of delirium. These patients’ monitoring is limited to comfort observation, relief of symptoms, and presence of adverse effects. Ther...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This study sought to examine the differences in three groups of pathological gamblers: those who did not seek treatmen t (n = 94), those who sought therapy (n = 106) and those who sought medication therapy (n = 680). All subjects were assessed on a variety of measures including demographics, family history, gambling history, comorbid psychiatric disorders and an assortment of clinical variables such as the Qua lity of Life Inventory, Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales, Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for Pathologic Gambling (PG-YBOCS), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Eysenck Impu...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
First-time mothers who had labor induced at 39 weeks were less likely to need C-sections.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Pregnancy and Childbirth Women and Girls Caesarean Section Parenting Source Type: news
Eating a healthful diet is particularly important during pregnancy. The right nutrients help the fetus to develop and grow as it should. Pregnant women should eat a variety of fruits to provide them with healthful nutrients that may also help to relieve their symptoms. Learn which fruits to eat during pregnancy here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy / Obstetrics Source Type: news
In a working environment where managers feel comfortable offering help and support rather than avoiding employees with depression, absenteeism is lower and presenteeism is higher, according to a study covering 15 countries.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news
A year after announcing a partnership with UNC, Cambridge-based pharma Sage Therapeutics (Nasdaq: SAGE) is preparing to open a National Patient Support Center with an AmerisourceBergen subsidiary. The goal, according to what Chief Business Officer Michael Cloonan said on an earnings call this week, is to address postpartum depression through a new, end-to-end patient support model – and to do it in the Triangle. “Oftentimes, patients with PPD do not know which health care professional they…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: news
Medications used to treat alcohol and opioid use disorder reduce arrest rates, suicidal behavior, and accidental overdose.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
The new psychological approach targets anxiety, PTSD and other mental disorders. Fewer people drop out with short-term treatment, and relief is quicker.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Stress Therapy and Rehabilitation Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Veterans Mental Health and Disorders Psychology and Psychologists Phobias Source Type: news
Nontherapeutic exposures to ADHD drugs range from inadvertent dosing to attempted suicide.Medscape Pediatrics
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics Viewpoint Source Type: news
More News: Anxiety | Brain | Child Development | Children | Depression | Men | Neurology | Perinatology & Neonatology | Postnatal Depression | Pregnancy | Premature Birth | Study | Women