Serum leptin and Homeostasis Model Assessment-IR as novel predictors of early liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B virus infection.

Serum leptin and Homeostasis Model Assessment-IR as novel predictors of early liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Br J Biomed Sci. 2018 Aug 06; Authors: Mousa N, Abdel-Razik A, Sheta T, Shabana W, Zakaria S, Awad M, Abd Elsalam M, El-Wakeel N, Elkashef W, Effat N, Elgamal A, G Deiab A, Eldars W Abstract BACKGROUND: The relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, leptin and insulin resistance remains unclear. We hypothesised links between serum leptin and insulin resistance in non-diabetic patients with chronic viral hepatitis B infection and their relation to liver fibrosis. METHODS: We recruited 190 untreated patients with chronic HBV infection and 72 healthy controls. Serum leptin, fasting glucose, insulin, liver function tests (LFTs), C-peptide and Homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR) were measured/calculated by ELISA and standard techniques. RESULTS: Serum leptin, C-peptide (both p
Source: British Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Br J Biomed Sci Source Type: research

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Authors: Gan T, Cheng N, Ding J, Cheng Z, Zhang D, Li H, Li J, Li N, Yang A, Ren X, Shi D, Pu H, Shen X, Ren X, Hu X, Zheng T, Bai Y Abstract INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to confirm whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the levels of liver enzymes would increase the risk of prediabetes and diabetes mellitus (DM) in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 10,741 individuals was enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Cox regression analysis was used to calculate the Hazard ratios (HRs) to evaluate the relationships between HBV infection and the risk of DM and prediabetes...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Different abnormalities account for the increased risk of viral and bacterial infection in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Main irregularities include: decreased CD4/CD8 lymphocyte ratios, reduced monocyte phagocytic function and defects in interleukin-2 production [1 –6]. Individuals with DM are 6 time more likely to be hospitalized and 3 times more likely to die from complications of influenza or pneumonia when compared to those in general population [7]. People with DM have higher rates of hepatitis B due to contact with infected blood or through improper eq uipment use (glucose monitoring devices or infected needles) [8].
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
by Yen-Chieh Lee, Jiun-Ling Wang, Yaa-Hui Dong, Hsi-Chieh Chen, Li-Chiu Wu, Chia-Hsuin Chang BackgroundInfection is a major complication in liver cirrhosis and causes major morbidity and mortality. However, the incidence and mortality related to these conditions in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are unclear, as is whether antiviral therapy could change their infection risk. Methods and findingsIn this community-based cohort study, a total of 115,336 adults (mean age 52.2 years; 35.6% men) without cirrhosis participating in the New Taipei City Health Screening in 2005 –2008 were classified as having no...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research
Echosens is a medical device company based in Paris, France that’s focused on diagnosing liver disease. Their technology, called FibroScan, uses ultrasonic waves to non-invasively measure the elasticity and absorption of the liver. These measur...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Exclusive GI Medicine Source Type: blogs
Abstract Celiac disease is a complex autoimmune enteropathy of the small intestine that commonly occurs in genetically predisposed individuals due to intake of gluten and related proteins. Gluten consumption, duration of breast-feeding, various infections, especially frequent intestine infections, vaccinations and use of antibiotics can be linked to celiac disease. It is predicted that it affects 1% of the global population and its incidence rate is increasing. Celiac disease is closely related to Turner's syndrome, type I diabetes mellitus, Down's syndrome, and other autoimmune conditions and most people with the...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Biotechnol Source Type: research
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HIV. Factors contributing to the high rates of liver complications among HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals remain unknown. Setting: North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study among HIV/HBV-coinfected patients in 10 US and Canadian cohorts of the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design that validated ESLD (ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, variceal hemorrhage, and/or hepatic ence...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Two-dose HBsAg/CpG 1018 provides a higher level of seroprotection against HBV than does a 3-dose vaccine (HBsAg/alum) with a similar safety profile in patients aged 60-70 years with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study identifier: NCT02117934. PMID: 31431412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Authors: Sun J, Li Y, Sun X, Liu Y, Zheng D, Fan L Abstract The present cross-sectional study aimed to assess hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with abdominal obesity and to explore the associated indicators. A total of 615 CHB patients were enrolled and 287 of them had abdominal obesity. The liver stiffness value was measured using Fibroscan. The diagnosis of liver fibrosis was confirmed by a liver stiffness value of>7.4 kPa, and a value of>10.6 kPa was considered to indicate advanced liver fibrosis. The Fibroscan results suggested that the liver stiffness value in patients with abdomina...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Dongya WuAbstractObjectiveTo elaborate how the viral load of HBV affects the gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).MethodsWe enrolled 196 chronic HBV-infected pregnant patients in this hospital between January 2012 and December 2017 for delivery in this study. According to the viral load of HBV-DNA, these patients were divided into the HBV-DNA negative group (n=107,
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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