Assessment of microbiological status after successful completion of intermittent revised national tuberculosis control programme directly observed treatment, short course regimen for microbiologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis cases: While new daily regimen going to be implemented in India
Conclusion: Till date, RNTCP does not follow up the patients for any period of time after successful completion of treatment. Through the present study, we could find relapse cases in 10% of the previously treated non-symptomatic patients. These unnoticed relapse cases have potential to spread TB and increase disease burden of country. Thus, we can conclude that RNTCP has to follow up the patients after successful treatment to determine whether they relapse. It is needed for the success of programme and control of the disease in the country.
Authors: Taib B, Nourdine B, Omar L PMID: 31196661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsOur results highlight a remarkably high prevalence of false-positive TB results as a result of laboratory cross-contamination, especially in single-positive TB cultures, leading to the administration of unnecessary, harmful treatments. The need for the adoption of strict technical standards for mycobacterial cultures cannot be overstated.
ConclusionBlastocystis ST1 was the most prevalent subtype in TB patients and there was no difference between Blastocystis isolates from TB and non-TB human subjects.
ConclusionsThrough the use of our study findings, improper use of airborne isolation precautions may be reduced or avoided.
Scientists led by Stanford University discovered two compounds in the venom which hold promise. However the hard-to-extract venom would cost millions of pounds to produce for medicine.
Authors: Rossetto M, Maffacciolli R, Rocha CMF, Oliveira DLLC, Serrant L Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze how belonging to certain social groups contributes to constituting the vulnerabilities associated with illnesses due to tuberculosis/HIV/AIDS coinfection. METHODOLOGYThis is a qualitative study carried out in the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, in regions of high social vulnerability. Twenty coinfected people were interviewed in specialized health services between August and December 2016. The analysis was based on the frameworks The Sound of Silence and Vulnerability and Human Rights. RESUL...
In conclusion, our results implied that miR-140 promoted M tb survival and reduced the pro-inflammatory cytokines levels in macrophages with M tb infection partially via modulating TRAF6 expression. PMID: 31199066 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionOur study validated different MRI findings with tissue studies and showed spinal infections with large abscess with thin wall, subligamentous spread of abscess and vertebral collapse were highly suggestive of spinal tuberculosis.Graphical abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top ten causes of deaths and the leading cause from a single infectious agent, with an estimated 1.3 million deaths in 2017.1 Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) accounted for 14% of the 6.4 million incident cases.1 Osteoarticular TB is ranked as the third most frequent form of EPTB.2 Early diagnosis and initiation of appropriate therapy are the best ways to prevent severe sequelae and mortality for osteoarticular TB patients. Therefore, continual progress in osteoarticular TB diagnosis is highly important.
ConclusionsThe result of this study indicated that MDR-TB is a serious public health problem in Ethiopia. Thus, strengthen prevention and control program is vital to halt the burden of drug resistant TB in the country.