Effects of hyperoxia on vascular tone in animal models: systematic review and meta-analysis
Arterial hyperoxia may induce vasoconstriction and reduce cardiac output, which is particularly undesirable in patients who already have compromised perfusion of vital organs. Due to the inaccessibility of vit...
Cognitive impairment is a common central nervous system complication after heart failure (HF), with an incidence as high as 25-75%.1 Cognitive dysfunction seriously affects patient quality of life and imposes a heavy economic burden on society and families. Many factors are involved in the mechanisms underlying cognitive dysfunction after HF. These factors include low cerebral perfusion, abnormal hormone secretion and the immune/inflammatory response.2,3 Several clinical studies have explored the above damage-inducing mechanisms, but no therapeutic effects have been described.
ConclusionsACR (2-dimensional) and NEMA (3-dimensional) phantoms overestimate partial volume corrections for 1-dimensional LV wall thickness and myocardial perfusion that are corrected with a simple equation that correlates with MACE for optimal risk stratification applicable to most PET-CT scanners for quantifying myocardial perfusion.
This article reviews the application of an alternative method, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), to the study of cerebral oxygenation changes in MCI and dementia. We synthesized 36 fNIRS studies that examined hemodynamic changes during both the resting state and the execution of tasks of word retrieval, memory, motor control, and visuospatial perception in MCI and dementia. This qualitative review reveals that (amnestic) MCI and AD patients have disrupted frontal and long-range connectivity in the resting state compared to individuals with normal cognition (NC). These patients also exhibit reduced frontal oxyg...
Conclusion Both the Intra.Ox and the SPY detected clinically relevant changes in bowel oxygenation following transection and ligation. The use of intravenous ICG dye did not appear to affect measurements of tissue oxygenation obtained using the Intra.Ox. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Conclusion Smartphone thermography is an inexpensive and expeditious means for identification of “hot spots” that is always used by us to ensure perfusion to lower extremity perforator local flaps. This is a complementary technique for their safer design, harvest, and subsequent monitoring in conjunction with more complex screening tools as indicated. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
ConclusionThree-dimensional visualization of opened coronary microvascular vessels is feasible in DiI-labelled myocardium in this rat MI model. This novel technique might be useful for defining the underlying mechanisms of coronary microvascular diseases and observe the efficacy of various therapy strategies on coronary microvessels.
CONCLUSIONS: An HBOC-201-EVNLP produced outcomes similar to RBC-EVNLP with preservation of muscle contractility and mitochondrial structure. PMID: 32074378 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Gurney JM, Loos PE, Prins M, Van Wyck DW, McCafferty RR, Marion DW Abstract Increased resource constraints secondary to a smaller medical footprint, prolonged evacuation times, or overwhelming casualty volumes all increase the challenges of effective management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the austere environment. Prehospital providers are responsible for the battlefield recognition and initial management of TBI. As such, targeted education is critical to efficient injury recognition, promoting both provider readiness and improved patient outcomes. When austere conditions limit or prevent definitive ...
CONCLUSION: We conclude that CEUS has the spatial and temporal sensitivity and resolution to visualize local tissue perfusion and vessel architecture, which maybe useful clinically to determine injury extent and severity in patients with SCI. PMID: 32074323 [PubMed - in process]
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