Excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) overexpression inhibits cell apoptosis and is associated with unfavorable prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

This study determined the association of ERCC1 expression with survivin expression, clinicopathological characteristics, and survival of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients after postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Tissue specimens from 102 resected ESCC patients were acquired for immunohistochemical analysis of ERCC1 and survivin protein expression. ERCC1 expression was detected in 62.7% of ESCC tissues and in 9.8% of normal squamous epithelium tissues (P 
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

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Single‑cell intratumoral stemness analysis reveals the involvement of cell cycle and DNA damage repair in two different types of esophageal cancer. Oncol Rep. 2019 Apr 15;: Authors: Wu H, Li Y, Hou Q, Zhou R, Li Z, Wu S, Yu J, Jiang M Abstract Intratumoral heterogeneity, particularly the potential cancer stemness of single cancer cells, has not yet been fully elucidated in human esophageal cancer. Single‑cell transcriptome sequencing of two types of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and two types of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues was performed, and the intratumoral cancer stemness ...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of international guidelines and ethical standards with written informed consent from all subjects. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Kunming General Hospital, China. miRNAs, Plasmids, Transfection, and Irradiation To predict miRNAs with potential binding sites in the 3′UTR of PHLDA2, Targetscan (http://www.targetscan.org/), miRanda (http://www.microrna.org/), and Diana database (http://diana.cslab,ece.nura.gr/) algorithms were u...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Junhui Zhang1,2†, Lingfei Li1,2†, Qiong Zhang1,2, Xu Yang3, Can Zhang4, Xingyue Zhang1,2, Dongxia Zhang1,2, Yanling Lv1,2, Huapei Song1,2, Bing Chen5, Yao Liu6, Jiongyu Hu2,5*† and Yuesheng Huang1,2*† 1Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 2State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, The 983 Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of the Chinese Peopl...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Joe Abdo1, Christopher S. Wichman2, Nicholas E. Dietz1,3, Pawel Ciborowski4, John Fleegel1, Sumeet K. Mittal1,5 and Devendra K. Agrawal1* 1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 2Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 3Department of Pathology, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 4Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 5Norton Thoracic Institute, St....
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Yi He†, Wenyong Long† and Qing Liu* Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China Super-enhancers (SEs) refer to large clusters of enhancers that drive gene expressions. Recent data has provided novel insights in elucidating the roles of SEs in many diseases, including cancer. Many mechanisms involved in tumorigenesis and progression, ranging from internal gene mutation and rearrangement to external damage and inducement, have been demonstrated to be highly associated with SEs. Moreover, translocation, formation, deletion, or duplication of SEs themselves co...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study demonstrates that WG-391D exhibits strong antitumor activity against ovarian cancer and indicates that the down-regulation of CDC25B by inhibitors could provide a rationale for ovarian cancer therapy. Introduction Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignances in females. The American Cancer Society estimated that there were 22,240 cases of ovarian cancer, and 14,070 deaths, in the United States in 2018 (1). During its early stages, ovarian cancer can be asymptomatic; hence, ~70% of patients have advanced disease when diagnosed and ultimately develop chemotherapeutic drug resistance an...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We demonstrated for the first time that LEDGF/p75 binds to STRE element implicated in polymorphism rs2395655 and regulates the p21 gene expression in ESCC cells and tissues. Our results suggested that the elevated p21 protein expression and rs2395655 GG variant may serve as positive prognostic factors for ESCC patients. Abstractp21WAF1/CIP1 (p21) plays critical roles in cell ‐cycle regulation and DNA repair and is transcriptionally regulated through p53‐dependent or ‐independent pathways. Bioinformatic analysis predicated one stress‐response element (STRE) implicated in single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs239565...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients is poor and the concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) provided to ESCC patients often failed due to resistance. Therefore, development of biom...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Authors: Wu G, Chen G, Zhou J, Zhu H, Chu J, Zhang F Abstract At present, chemotherapy and radiotherapy represent the primary modalities of treatment for patients with unresectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the outcome of patients remains poor owing to radioresistance. The present study aimed to determine the radiosensitizing effect of liriodenine, an aporphine alkaloid derived from Enicosanthellum pulchrum, and investigating the underlying mechanisms in ESCC, using the esophageal cancer ECA-109 cell line. Cellular proliferation was evaluated using the Cell Counting kit-8 assay. Colony for...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Inducing DNA damage is known to be one of the mechanisms of cytotoxic chemotherapy agents for cancer such as cisplatin. The endogenous DNA damage response confers chemoresistance to these agents by repairing DNA damage. The initiation and transduction of the DNA damage response (DDR) signaling pathway, which is dependent on the activation of ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated) and ATR (ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related), is essential for DNA damage repair, the maintenance of genomic stability and cell survival.
Source: Cancer Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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