Nigeria:Diarrhoea Kills 2,195 Children Daily, Worse Than Measles, Malaria, Says UNICEF

[This Day] Abuja -The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has disclosed that diarrhoea has become the common cause of illness in children, and a global killer which is responsible for the death of 2, 195 children on a daily basis around the world. UNICEF stated that 842,000 deaths could be prevented globally if only there was constant and improved water and sanitation, as the lack of it is responsible for one in nine child deaths worldwide, making it the second leading cause of death among children under five. UNICEF WA
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
In this study we report the changes in cause-specific child mortality between 2000 and 2015 in India. Methods Since 2001, the Registrar General of India has implemented the Million Death Study (MDS) in 1·3 million homes in more than 7000 randomly selected areas of India. About 900 non-medical surveyors do structured verbal autopsies for deaths recorded in these homes. Each field report is assigned randomly to two of 404 trained physicians to classify the cause of death, with a standard process for resolution of disagreements. We combined the proportions of child deaths according to the MDS for 2001–13 with ann...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
To meet the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals for child mortality, India will need to maintain the current trajectory of 1 –59-month mortality and accelerate declines in neonatal mortality (to>5% annually) from 2015 onwards. Continued progress in reduction of child mortality due to pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria, and measles at 1 –59 months is feasible. Additional attention to low birthweight is required.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2016 Source:The Lancet Author(s): Li Liu, Shefali Oza, Dan Hogan, Yue Chu, Jamie Perin, Jun Zhu, Joy E Lawn, Simon Cousens, Colin Mathers, Robert E Black Background Despite remarkable progress in the improvement of child survival between 1990 and 2015, the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 target of a two-thirds reduction of under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) was not achieved globally. In this paper, we updated our annual estimates of child mortality by cause to 2000–15 to reflect on progress toward the MDG 4 and consider implications for the Sustainable Development Goals ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research
Conflicts force millions of people to abandon their homes and flee life-threatening persecution, war, and ethnic and political discrimination. From the end of World War II to the present day, more than 59 million people worldwide have become refugees and displaced persons.1 Displacement affects people's health, psychological well-being and economic welfare.2 3 The situation of asylum seekers in the context of a humanitarian crisis is a cause for grave concern.4 They are vulnerable because of difficult circumstances under which they live and their health is affected by several factors, including fatigue, lack of food and dr...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Epidemiologic studies, Mortality and morbidity, Health service research, Human rights Editorials Source Type: research
The recent escalation of the conflict in South Sudan has forced many people to flee, including those that were supporting the health response. Preventable and curable diseases, such as malaria and acute watery diarrhoea, are major causes of death among the growing number of internally displaced persons in the country. Many people do not have access to adequate shelter, which may increase rates of malaria and upper respiratory infections, while the ongoing rainy season is increasing the risk of water-borne diseases, such as cholera.
Source: WHO Feature Stories - Category: Global & Universal Tags: cholera [subject], vibrio cholerae, emergencies [subject], emergency preparedness, crises, emergency preparedness, emergencies [subject], emergency preparedness, crises, emergency preparedness, malaria [subject], measles [subject], Eastern Mediterranean R Source Type: news
Conclusion The childhood diseases had a considerable burden in the area. Protective factors like colostrum and exclusive breastfeeding should be promoted by raising awareness among caregivers. Intensive health education campaigns should be carried out in the area to prevent childhood diseases.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Childhood mortality is a stubborn problem and remains highest in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Existing research on childhood mortality in SSA indicate that most of the childhood deaths are from preventable causes such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, measles, malaria, HIV and underlying malnutrition, acute respiratory infections, whooping cough, tuberculosis, bronchopneumonia, dirty feeding bottles and utensils, inadequate disposal of household refuse and poor storage of drinking water. However, insufficient attention has been given to maternal marital status and childhood mortality relationships.
Source: Public Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
The objectives of this brief are to outline the evidence underpinning important practical questions relating to the management of infectious diseases in children with SAM and to highlight research gaps. Overall, the evidence base for many aspects covered in this brief is very poor. The brief addresses antimicrobials; antipyretics; tuberculosis; HIV; malaria; pneumonia; diarrhoea; sepsis; measles; urinary tract infection; nosocomial Infections; soil transmitted helminths; skin infections and pharmacology in the context of SAM. The brief is structured into sets of clinical questions, which we hope will maximise the relevance...
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2015 Source:The Lancet Global Health, Volume 3, Issue 5 Author(s): Stéphane Verguet , Zachary D Olson , Joseph B Babigumira , Dawit Desalegn , Kjell Arne Johansson , Margaret E Kruk , Carol E Levin , Rachel A Nugent , Clint Pecenka , Mark G Shrime , Solomon Tessema Memirie , David A Watkins , Dean T Jamison Background The way in which a government chooses to finance a health intervention can affect the uptake of health interventions and consequently the extent of health gains. In addition to health gains, some policies such as public finance can insure against catastrophic health expenditures...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research
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