Idiopathic, Infectious and Reactive Lesions of the Ear and Temporal Bone
AbstractA number of infectious, inflammatory and idiopathic lesions develop within otologic tissues that may share similar clinical and/or microscopic features. This review first provides a working classification for otitis externa, and then otitis media and includes two recently described entities, eosinophilic otitis media and otitis media with ANCA-associated vasculitis. Next, the microscopic findings of a spectrum of otopathologic conditions are described, including post-inflammatory conditions such as tympanosclerosis and aural polyps, an overview of animate aural foreign body as well as iatrogenic aural foreign body reactions. Finally, a review of fungal disease affecting the ear with a brief synopsis ofCandida auris, a recently described and virulent organism, is presented.
We present a case of a patient that experienced severe hemorrhagic occlusive retinal vasculitis secondary to injection of 1.0 mg/0.1 ml of intracameral vancomycin for endophthalmitis prophylaxis after an uneventful cataract surgery. The case is especially unique in that our patient ended up maintaining 20/25 vision with an ocular disease that is typically visually threatening. This may be due to the aggressive administration of periocular and oral steroids combined with scheduled anti-VEGF injections that were later transitioned into a treat and extend regimen. PMID: 31418634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsPrognosis in patients with CRSwNP was inferior to that in patients with CRSsNP. Asthma was the only factor that increased the chance of recurrence in patients with either CRSsNP or CRSwNP.
AbstractMFAP5, a 25-kD microfibril-associated glycoprotein that is involved in elastic microfibril assembly, has been demonstrated to be significantly downregulated in tumor stroma by previous gene expression study. The aim of this study was to confirm the reduced expression of MFAP5 in colonic tumor stroma using immunohistochemistry and to explore the utility of MFAP5 as a marker to facilitate diagnosing an invasive component versus pseudoinvasion in colon polyps. In all 19 colon cancer resection cases evaluated, while there was intact MFAP5 immunoreactivity in the uninvolved normal connective tissue, there was marked red...
Publication date: December 2018Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Rheumatology, Volume 32, Issue 6Author(s): Jonathan TL. Cheah, John J. Faragon, Kristen M. MarksAbstractHepatitis B and C viruses present dual considerations in rheumatic disease as both etiologic factors and important comorbidities that must be assessed and addressed. This review summarizes the link between hepatitis B and arthritis and polyarteritis nodosa as well as hepatitis C and arthritis, Sicca syndrome and cryoglobulinemic vasculitis. Recent data pertaining to the antiviral management in these conditions, especially regarding the use of the...
Central neuropathic pain can be difficult to treat and, subsequently, cause a great amount of disability and distress to patients, which limits quality of life. Common etiologies include the following: stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, infection, vasculitis, and malignancy. This case is a description of an 18-yr-old male patient diagnosed with a grade IV diffuse glioma who experienced severe neuropathic pain refractory to first-line treatment options including the following: gabapentinoids, tricyclic antidepressants, and selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. The patient remained on high-...
ConclusionTAM treatment does not seem to be associated with a higher rate of endometrial cancer in women with breast cancer compared to women treated with AIs or no treatment.
Conclusion: In this present study, we described a new 3D cholesteatoma cell culture model developed using cell sheet technology and demonstrated the efficacy of diclofenac sodium on cholesteatoma for the first time in the literature. It may be used in patients with chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma, but further studies investigating ototoxic and neurotoxic effects of this molecule are needed.
Conclusions: The findings of the present study suggest that the phenotypic characteristics of EOM closely resemble those of otitis media associated with EGPA in early stages before the appearance of vasculitis. Therefore, it is challenging to differentiate the two conditions purely on the basis of otorhinological examinations.
Conclusion: Medication-related osteonecrosis of the temporal bone is not a well-known entity among otolaryngologists and could therefore be misclassified as another diagnosis. In patients with othorrea and earache following sorafenib treatment, temporal bone osteonecrosis should be suspected.
Conclusion: In HA wearers, the risk of developing almost all of the diagnoses reviewed is significantly increased, especially for external auditory canal (EAC) furuncle, chronic otitis externa, and impacted cerumen. This study provides the first epidemiological evidence for HA as a risk factor for the rare EAC cholesteatoma.