Incidence and predictors of chronic kidney diseases among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at St. Paul ’s Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

This study aimed to estimate the incidence of chronic kidney disease and its predictors among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients attending St. Paul ’s Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research

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SIGNIFICANCE OF URINARY 11-DEHYDRO-THROMBOXANE B2 IN AGE-RELATED DISEASES: FOCUS ON ATHEROTHROMBOSIS. Ageing Res Rev. 2018 Sep 28;: Authors: Simeone P, Boccatonda A, Liani R, Santilli F Abstract Platelet activation plays a key role in atherogenesisis and atherothrombosis. Biochemical evidence of increased platelet activation in vivo can be reliably obtained through non-invasive measurement of thromboxane metabolite (TXM) excretion. Persistent biosynthesis of TXA2 has been associated with several ageing-related diseases, including acute and chronic cardio-cerebrovascular diseases and cardiovascular ris...
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research
We examined changes in the nephron index in type 2 diabetes patients with early stage chronic kidney disease (stages 1-3), enrolling 15 patients and retrospectively analysing the follow-up data. After follow-up at 5.4 years, we observed no significant changes in the estimated glomerular filtration rate; the nephron index, however, was significantly reduced between the baseline and the follow-up. We propose that the nephron index may be potentially useful as a biomarker for monitoring the decline of renal function in the early stages of diabetic chronic kidney disease patients. PMID: 30245879 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Source Type: research
Authors: Madievsky R Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus often goes hand in hand with cardiovascular and renal comorbidities. Stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease are high-risk complications of type 2 diabetes that contribute to morbidity and mortality. Recent clinical trials have uncovered evidence that certain antidiabetic agents may confer cardiovascular and/or renal benefits such as reduced cardiovascular and all-cause mortality and reduced need for renal replacement therapy. Two landmark trials in particular, EMPA-REG OUTCOME (Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortal...
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
Authors: Martin WP, Docherty NG, Le Roux CW Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular and renal disease accounts for a substantial proportion of the morbidity and mortality associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Bariatric surgery is associated with improved long-term cardiovascular and renal outcomes. Areas covered: All major case-control, cohort, and randomized controlled trial studies of bariatric surgery in adults with T2DM were screened and data on prespecified cardiovascular and renal outcomes collated. Bariatric surgery reduces all-cause mortality and risk of cardiovascular disease, albuminu...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
We examined a hospital-based sample of 923 patients with T2DM discharged from our Division of Endocrinology over the years 2007-2014. Standard electrocardiograms (ECGs) were performed in all patients. eGFR was estimated by using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation, whilst albuminuria was measured by an immuno-nephelometric method on morning spot urine samples. RESULTS: A total of 253 (27.4%) patients had some type of cardiac conduction defects on ECGs (defined as at least one heart block among first-degree atrio-ventricular block, second-degree block, third-degree block, left bundl...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Diabetes Metab Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe T2DM incidence rate among individuals with CKD is markedly higher than in the general population, supporting the need for greater vigilance in this population. Measures of glycemic control and family history of DM were independently associated with incident T2DM.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractIndividuals with diabetes mellitus exhibit an increased propensity to develop cardiovascular disorders such as coronary artery disease, stroke and heart failure. Over recent decades, numerous cardiovascular outcome trials in individuals with type 2 diabetes have been published, with data showing a reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality by sodium –glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. These results not only provide novel therapeutic options for this high-risk population but also advance our current understanding of cardiovascular risk reduction in diabetes. The current overview article summa...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Renoprotective effects of dulaglutide in patients with T2DM and CKD, Published online: 31 August 2018; doi:10.1038/s41581-018-0055-xThe AWARD-7 trial shows that the glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) receptor agonist dulaglutide, which is not cleared by the kidney, seems to be renoprotective, ameliorates albuminuria and slows estimated glomerular filtration rate decline in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease, without increasing the risk of hypoglycaemia.
Source: Nature Reviews Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsSerum bilirubin may predict the progression of CKD in patients with type 2 diabetes and preserved kidney function.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the association of body mass index (BMI) with the CKD in patients with T2DM. METHODS: This study has used retrospective medical records, biochemical reports, and anthropometric measurements of 3,580 T2DM patients which were collected between January to December 2015 from a district hospital in Thailand. CKD was defined according to the measurement of estimated glomerular filtration rate (
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
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