Nigeria recalls 2.4 million bottles of codeine cough syrup

Nigeria has recalled 2.4 million bottles of cough syrup containing codeine after national outrage earlier this year over endemic use of opioids.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Authors: Jiang T, Guo Q, Ran B, Zhang R, Aji T, Shao Y Abstract Hydatid disease, also known as echinococcal disease, is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus infection. Hydatid cysts of the thyroid are rare. The present case study reports on a patient with hydatid cyst in the thyroid with tracheal fistula. A 54-year-old male patient without any history of exposure to farm animals was hospitalized due to fever and productive cough with occasional hydatid daughter cyst. The patient was diagnosed with a hydatid cyst of the thyroid gland with tracheal fistula by relevant examination. An operation was performed to r...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract Paragonimiasis, or lung fluke disease, is a typical food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by infection with trematodes belonging to the genus Paragonimus. More than 50 species of Paragonimus have been reported throughout the world, of which seven valid species infect humans, an estimated one million people annually worldwide. Among the seven species, P. westermani, P. heterotremus, and P. skrjabini/P. s. miyazakii, distributed in Asia, are the most important species as the cause of paragonimiasis. Humans acquire infection through the ingestion of raw, pickled or undercooked freshwater crustaceans, 2nd inte...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Rationale: Childhood brucellosis is a significant community health problem. It may imitate other conditions and may be misdiagnosed. Pulmonary involvement is a rare complication of childhood brucellosis. Patient concerns: A 23-month-old child was referred to our hospital with a 3-week history of fevers and cough. He was initially diagnosed with pneumonia. Diagnoses and Interventions: Conventional antibiotic treatment was ineffectual. Total leukocyte count was 10,300/mm3, hemoglobin was 8.5 g/dL, and platelet count was 250,000/mm3. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and procaicltonin were 25 mm/h and 0.12 ng/m...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Endemic to Southeast Asia, East Asia and China, Talaromyces marneffei is a dimorphic fungus capable of causing systemic fungal infections in immunocompromised patients (Supparatpinyo et al., 1994). Since its discovery in the 1950 ´s, the majority of cases have been documented in HIV patients with low CD4 counts. In northern Thailand, T. marneffei is the fourth most prevalent opportunistic infection in this population (Chariyalertsak et al., 2001). Clinical manifestations include fever, malaise, lymphadenopathy, cough, and h epatosplenomegaly (Wu et al., 2008).
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Mark E. Gray1,2*, James Meehan2,3, Paul Sullivan4, Jamie R. K. Marland4, Stephen N. Greenhalgh1, Rachael Gregson1, Richard Eddie Clutton1, Carol Ward2, Chris Cousens5, David J. Griffiths5, Alan Murray4 and David Argyle1 1The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 2Cancer Research UK Edinburgh Centre and Division of Pathology Laboratories, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 3School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Institute of Sensors, Signals and Systems, Heriot-Watt Univer...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of VL-HIV co-infection was high and co-infected patients were more likely to have adverse outcomes.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
Introduction: Global health research is hampered by the lack of inexpensive and reliable assays to annotate clinical study cohorts for geographically localized endemic genetic disorders. The most prevalent modifier in Africa is sickle cell disease (SCD, HbSS). In SCD, sickling of erythrocytes by polymerization of hemoglobin S (HbS) causes vaso-occlusion and hemolysis, leading to significant morbidity/mortality and constituting a major healthcare and economic burden. The inhomogeneity bias introduced into the clinical data of patient cohorts by the changes associated to undiagnosed SCD is a significant challenge. Thus, our ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Novel or Improved Approaches To Treating Sickle Cell Disease Source Type: research
Conclusion The results obtained from this research shows, in general, the fragility in the social and political infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of populations, particularly those that depend on family agriculture in drought prone areas. The conditions of social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities presented in the region can be amplified by the drought process, and can aggravate the impacts resulting drought events, thus disadvantaging the population of this region, as shown in the Fig. 1. The general perception of the interviewees of the health sector shows an agreement with what is found...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
da-Filho DB Abstract Common in four continents, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an important but neglected disease. HIV infection increases the risk of developing VL in people from leishmaniasis-endemic areas, with worse prognosis when there is coinfection. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of HIV/VL coinfection in patients admitted in three referral hospitals for HIV/AIDS in Pernambuco, Brazil, and to compare epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory characteristics among HIV/VL coinfected and HIV mono-infected individuals. The sample consisted of HIV patients aged 18 years or more, ...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
The recent news about an international tourist with measles who visited Santa Monica raised anew concerns about the potential for an outbreak of the disease, which has been all but eradicated in the United States.Measles remains endemic in many parts of the world, including popular tourist destinations in parts of Western Europe, and travelers need to be aware of the risks posed by the highly contagious disease. In the Santa Monica case, the traveler had visited several restaurants and hotels in Santa Monica from Aug. 8-10.UCLA HealthDr. Deborah Lehman“Measles is one of the most contagious disease we have, and the co...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
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