Infective Endocarditis More Common with Valve Issues

MONDAY, July 30, 2018 -- Individuals with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and mitral valve prolapse (MVP) have a higher risk of developing infective endocarditis (IE) than the general population, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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ConclusionsInfective endocarditis in patients with CHD is an ongoing clinical challenge. In contemporary practice in tertiary congenital centres, 1/15 patients do not survive to hospital discharge. Streptococci remain the most common causative organism, and antecedent dental or medical procedures were undertaken in a significant minority in the three months before diagnosis. The presence of an atrioventricular septal defect or staphylococcal infection is associated with significantly increased risk of early mortality.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis (IE) is the microorganism infection of the endocardium known for its high morbidity and mortality in spite of treatment.1 The clinical presentation and outcome are largely determined by the immune and inflammatory response influenced by the host-pathogen interaction. The complex pathogenesis of this condition is a challenge, and understanding the immune-inflammatory cell pathways can be a step closer to improve disease management.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Bitay M, Varga S, Babik B, Havasi K, Szücsborus T Abstract Coronary artery septic embolization is a rare, but severe complication of infective endocarditis involving the leftside of the valves. The first case mentioned in the literature was a postmortem finding of a left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion by a vegetation fragment. Since this case, there have been several therapeutic strategies published with this clinical setting including medical treatment, percutaneous coronary angioplasty addressing coronary occlusion, surgical intervention for both the infected valve and coronary emboli...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
Response by Aoyama et al. to Letter Regarding Case Report, "The Early Diagnosis of Endophthalmitis Due to Group B Streptococcus Infective Endocarditis and Its Clinical Course: A Case Report and Literature Review": Vitrectomy or not? Intern Med. 2019 Jun 07;: Authors: Aoyama Y, Oba Y, Hoshide S, Arai Y, Komori T, Kabutoya T, Kario K PMID: 31178522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
The 2015 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis recommend the use of a multidisciplinary team in the care of patients with infective endocarditis. A standardized collaborative approach should be implemented in centres with immediate access to different imaging techniques, cardiac surgery and health professionals from several specialties. This position paper has been produced by the Task Force for Management of Infective Endocarditis of Italian Society of Echocardiography and Cardiovascular Imaging (SIECVI) with the aim of providing recommendations for the implementation...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Position statement Source Type: research
AbstractInfective endocarditis is a growing problem with many shifts due to ever-increasing comorbid illnesses, invasive procedures, and increase in the elderly. We performed this multinational study to depict definite infective endocarditis. Adult patients with definite endocarditis hospitalized between January 1, 2015, and October 1, 2018, were included from 41 hospitals in 13 countries. We included microbiological features, types and severity of the disease, complications, but excluded therapeutic parameters. A total of 867 patients were included. A total of 631 (72.8%) patients had native valve endocarditis (NVE), 214 ...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis caused by Actinomyces spp. is extremely rare. However, cases by new species of Actinomyces have been increasingly reported due to advances in laboratory techniques, and many of these specie...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
acute;nic Endocarditis Study Group. Abstract Introduction: Optimal treatment options remain unknown for infective endocarditis (IE) caused by penicillin (PEN)-resistant viridans group streptococcal (VGS) strains. The aims of this study were to report two cases of highly-PEN-resistant-VGS-IE, perform a literature review, and to evaluate various antibiotic combinations in vitro and in vivo Materials and Methods: The following combinations were tested by time-kill studies and in the rabbit experimental endocarditis (EE) model: PEN-gentamicin, ceftriaxone-gentamicin, vancomycin-gentamicin, daptomycin-gentamicin, and d...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2019Source: Medical Mycology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Bastian Klemens Bauer, Arik Bernhard Schulze, Andreas Löher, Florian Reinke, Lars EckardtAbstractWe provide a review of current literature and report on a case of electronic device infective endocarditis with C. tropicalis. A 64-year-old man presented for revision of his implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Echocardiography revealed extensive vegetations attached to the Eustachian valve and in the right ventricular apex. Microbiological findings presented C. tropicalis on the explanted material. The patient refused additio...
Source: Medical Mycology Case Reports - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Rojas-Martelo GA, Jiménez-Cauhe J, Gómez-Ayerbe C PMID: 31171349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
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