First urinary tract infections in children: the role of the risk factors proposed by the Italian recommendations

Acta Paediatrica,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Source: Acta Paediatrica - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Mahmoudzadeh H, Nikibakhsh AA, Pashapour S, Ghasemnejad-Berenji M Abstract BACKGROUND: A link between vitamin D deficiency and susceptibility to bacterial and viral infections has recently been suggested. AIM: To investigate a possible association between vitamin D deficiency and urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: A case-control study was undertaken comprising 75 children aged 2-7 years with UTI (cases) compared with 75 healthy controls in terms of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels. Serum 25(OH)D levels were measured using a chemiluminescence assay. For cases, dimercaptosuccinic ...
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
Fluoroquinolones are used for conditions including sinusitis, bronchitis, and urinary tract infections. It has been suggested that exposure to fluoroquinolones for these conditions is associated with disabilit...
Source: BMC Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Above 80% of urinary tract infections are caused by enteric bacteria, which are known for years by their drug-resistant ability. Though the prevalence of drug-resistant strains is increasing in the world, it i...
Source: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesDiagnostic workup after febrile urinary tract infections (fUTIs) in children remains a matter of debate. The authors aimed to evaluate multiple parameters in order to design a predictive tool enabling a targeted indication of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG).MethodsRecords of 383 consecutive children who underwent a VCUG as well as a dimercaptosuccinic-acid (DMSA) scan after febrile urinary tract infections (fUTIs) at a single institution between 04/2009 and 06/2014 were reviewed. Twenty parameters were recorded. After regression analysis, 6 parameters were incorporated into a computational tool aiming a...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
We aimed to compare the outcomes of a second voiding trial (VT) performed 2-4 days (earlier group) versus 7 days (later group) post-operatively in women with incomplete bladder emptying following vaginal prolapse surgery. Secondary aims included post-operative urinary tract infection (UTI) rates, total days with a catheter, and patient reported catheter bother between groups.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Research: Gynecology Source Type: research
Discussion Vesicoureteral Reflux is a common and challenging problem in children. Children presenting with Vesicoureteral Reflux require careful evaluation and treatment to avoid future urinary tract infections and kidney scars. The panel addressed recommendations on up to date choice of diagnosis evaluation and therapies.
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the effect of perioperative complications involving artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation on rates of explantation and continence as well as health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Materials and methods Inclusion criteria encompassed non-neurogenic, moderate-to-severe stress urinary incontinence (SUI) post radical prostatectomy and primary implantation of an AUS performed by a high-volume surgeon (>100 previous implantations). Reporting complications followed the validated Clavien-Dindo scale and Martin criteria. HRQOL was assessed by the validated IQOL score, continence by th...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the effect of perioperative complications involving artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation on rates of explantation and continence as well as health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Materials and methods Inclusion criteria encompassed non-neurogenic, moderate-to-severe stress urinary incontinence (SUI) post radical prostatectomy and primary implantation of an AUS performed by a high-volume surgeon (>100 previous implantations). Reporting complications followed the validated Clavien-Dindo scale and Martin criteria. HRQOL was assessed by the validated IQOL score, continence by th...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions A clinical pathway produced a significant and sustained increase in narrow-spectrum empiric antibiotic prescribing for pediatric UTI. Increased empiric cephalexin prescribing did not result in increased treatment failures or adverse patient outcomes. Future studies on implementing clinical pathways for children outside a pediatric hospital network are needed.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether D-mannose reduces urinary tract infection (UTI) recurrence (i.e. cumulative incidence) in adult women with recurrent UTI compared to other prevention agents. Secondary outcomes included side effects and compliance with D-mannose use.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
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