Combined early life stressors: prenatal nicotine and maternal deprivation interact to influence behavioral phenotypes in rats.

We report here that multiple early stressors including prenatal nicotine and MD can modulate the neuroanatomy of the amygdala and VTA. These early life stressors can interact to influence the development of depressive-like and addictive behaviors. PMID: 30055209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research

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 Jennifer Marshall is a mom, executive director, storyteller, and a woman living with bipolar disorder. In 2011, she started chronicling her challenges of living with mental illness while raising two young children.  Her story was a powerful one and connected with people all over the country, many of whom wrote to her to say that they had been inspired after reading her blog.  Jennifer knew she was onto something, and that storytelling was a powerful tool for healing.  This was the beginning of ‘This Is My Brave’ – a nonprofit with the mission of bringing stories of mental illness and ad...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bipolar Relationships Self-Help The Psych Central Show Women's Issues Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Fun seeking on the BAS and frustration intolerance should be considered as targets in prevention and intervention programs for IA among adolescents with ADHD.IntroductionThe negative effects of internet addiction (IA) have become a concern in the past decades. IA is characterized by persistent internet use despite negative consequences, loss of control, preoccupation with internet use, increasing amounts of time spent online, and withdrawal symptoms (1). Internet gaming disorders are listed in the “Conditions for Further Study” section in the Fifth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Men...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe research project aims to directly improve identification and support of vulnerable children across selected regions in Austria, and by doing so, improve the health and well-being of future Austrian generations while breaking the cycle of intergenerational transfer of adverse childhood experiences. The described project underwent a rigorous public review process (https://ois.lbg.ac.at/en/methods-projects/crowdsourcing-research-questions-in-science) with different stakeholders as well as people with lived experience and scientific experts of the field having reviewed our proposal (https://ois.lbg.ac.at/en/metho...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion Currently available pharmacotherapies for PTSD are poorly effective on a substantial proportion of patients. Given this high rate of pharmacological unresponsiveness, further studies are needed to extend the knowledge of the basic mechanisms associated with the pathophysiology of this disorder. The findings discussed in this review suggest that DAergic dysfunction, especially genetic-dependent DAergic alteration, plays a prominent role in the pathophysiology of PTSD; as a consequence, drugs targeting the DAergic system might be therapeutically relevant. A better understanding of how and which DAergic dysfunctio...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Does Prenatal Stress Shape Postnatal Resilience? – An Epigenome-Wide Study on Violence and Mental Health in Humans Fernanda Serpeloni1,2, Karl M. Radtke1,3, Tobias Hecker4, Johanna Sill1, Vanja Vukojevic5, Simone G. de Assis2, Maggie Schauer1, Thomas Elbert1 and Daniel Nätt6* 1Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany 2Department of Studies in Violence and Health Jorge Careli, National School of Public Health of Rio de Janeiro – National Institute of Women, Children and Adolescents Health Fernandes Figueira, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Yao-Ying MaAbstractPrenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is an insidious yet preventable cause of developmental disability. The prenatal stage is a critical period for brain development with the concurrence of high vulnerability to the acute and prolonged effects of PAE. There is substantial evidence from both human observations and laboratory experiments that PAE is a common risk factor that predisposes to an array of postnatal mental disorders, including emotional, cognitive, and motor deficits. Although it is well accepted that PAE c...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
You couldn’t get pregnant easily, and needed fertility treatments. You had a miscarriage. Or several. You developed complications during your pregnancy. You delivered your baby preterm. Every single one of Parijat Deshpande’s clients feels like their bodies have betrayed them because of the above reasons. Deshpande, MS, is a perinatal mind-body wellness counselor and high-risk pregnancy expert, who helps women navigate stress so they can manage pregnancy complications and give their baby a strong start to life. Psychologist Julie Bindeman, PsyD, works with women struggling with reproductive challenges, depressi...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction General Grief and Loss Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Self-Help Stress Women's Issues Betrayal Fertility miscarriage Parenthood Pregnancy Source Type: blogs
Day three of APA ’s Annual Meeting included an address by the first assistant secretary for mental health and substance use in HHS; the release of a study in theAmerican Journal of Psychiatry, which found a family history of psychiatric disorders increases the risk of postpartum depression; and the results of an APA poll, which found Americans are concerned about gun violence and the opioid crisis.From now through May 9,Psychiatric News will deliver an evening digest of some of the day ’s highlights. Whether you are here in New York or at home, these reports will convey the excitement and outstanding scientific...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: AJP APA annual meeting APA Gives Back Bolivar Award Elinore McCance-Katz gun violence Juan Bustillo national poll opioid crisis Patricia Newton postpartum depression Solomon Carter Fuller Award Source Type: research
Happy Saturday, Psych Central Readers! This week’s Psychology Around the Net covers the successes (more specifically, lack thereof) of the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act, how mental illness might be passed down from generation, the #speakthesecret campaign for postpartum women, and more. Enjoy! Health Insurers Are Still Skimping On Mental Health Coverage: Although it’s been almost a decade since the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act passed (an act that’s supposed to make it just as easy to get treatment for substance abuse and mental health problems), patients are still struggl...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Children and Teens Depression Disorders Family Health-related Parenting Policy and Advocacy Psychology Around the Net Research Technology Treatment childhood adversity Dan Harmon Diet dna epigenetic change Source Type: blogs
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