What Causes School Failure?

Discussion “Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write. The modern term’s meaning has been expanded to include the ability to use language, numbers, images, computers, and other basic means to understand, communicate, gain useful knowledge, solve mathematical problems and use the dominant symbol systems of a culture.” The earliest written communication was in 3500-3000 BCE, with the earliest alphabet being from 1200-750 BCE. Although the percentage of the world’s adult literacy rate is increasing each decade by ~5%, “…from 55.7 per cent in 1950 to 86.2 per cent in 2015,…” the total number of adults who are illiterate is increasing because of increased population. Universal, compulsory education is viewed as the mainstay of developed and developing nations to building a literate population. However there are many reasons that children, teenagers and adults may not succeed in a school including individual and family issues, the general social and community environment, and specific school issues. School failure is defined as grade retention (i.e. repeating a grade, 10% of Kindergarten-8th grade students), expulsion (0.2% of students) and dropping out of school (i.e. 16-24 year old not enrolled and do not have a general equivalency degree, 9% which is a decline but total number of students is increasing because of increased enrollment). Even students that graduate from high school may not be sufficiently l...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 14 August 2018Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Luanda Chaves LINS, Sébastien LIVI, Manuel MARÉCHAL, Jannick DUCHET-RUMEAU, Jean-François GÉRARDAbstractThe ability of different microstructures from ionic liquids (ILs) governed by anions and cations has been a source of curiosity for composite systems. In this present study, the structural behavior of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) mixed with phosphonium- and imidazolium- based ionic liquids (1 wt%) combined with different counter anions was investigated. The effect of the chemical nature of the cation ...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Conclusions: NP practice environment affected the quality of care for 2 chronic conditions. Efforts should be implemented to improve NP practice environment to potentially improve care quality.
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: High-dual and high-disabled ACOs had similar or higher spending than other ACOs at baseline, but achieved greater savings and were equally or more likely to earn shared savings, suggesting that alternative payment models can have positive financial outcomes for providers who serve vulnerable populations.
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Objective: For patients with gastroparesis, temporary pyloric disruption has been shown to improve symptoms and gastric emptying. Per-oral pyloromyotomy (POP) is an innovative endoscopic procedure to divide the pylorus from within a submucosal tunnel, as a corollary to surgical pyloromyotomy. Here we evaluate subjective and objective outcomes 12-weeks after POP at a high volume center. Methods: The first 100 consecutive patients undergoing POP were included, with procedure dates between January 2016 and October 2017. Patients were evaluated using the Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI), and 4-hour solid-phase ...
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Papers of the 138Th ASA Annual Meeting Source Type: research
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed and untreated hyperthyroidism among patients with suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Background: Hyperthyroidism can significantly diminish patient quality of life and increase the financial burden on patients and health systems. We hypothesized that many patients with hyperthyroidism remain undiagnosed because physicians fail to recognize and evaluate suppressed TSH as the first indication of disease. Methods: We reviewed administrative data on 174011 patients with TSH measured at a tertiary referral center between 2011 and ...
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Papers of the 138Th ASA Annual Meeting Source Type: research
Conclusions: The cecal microbiome appears to be important in maintaining immune homeostasis and normal immune responses.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Papers of the 138Th ASA Annual Meeting Source Type: research
Typical food store in Brazzaville, Congo. Credit: WHOBy Adelheid Onyango and Bibi GiyoseBRAZZAVILLE, Congo, Aug 14 2018 (IPS)When faced with a crisis, our natural reaction is to deal with its immediate threats. Ateka* came to the make-shift clinic with profuse diarrhoea: they diagnosed cholera. The urgent concern in the midst of that humanitarian crisis was to treat the infection and send her home as quickly as possible. But she came back to the treatment centre a few days later – not for cholera, but because she was suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Doctors had saved her life but not restored her health. And...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Environment Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Population Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news
Research shows young black men experience more anxiety in whiter neighborhoods.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
Nine-month-old Riley Kinsey, from Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, can only eat turkey, carrots, plums and sweet potatoes or his body becomes covered in hives that can cause infections.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Prescription medication can also deprive people of vital minerals and vitamins, leading to hair loss, fatigue, depression and loss of sex drive. Here we look at the drugs that can ‘drain’ your body...
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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