What Causes School Failure?

Discussion “Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write. The modern term’s meaning has been expanded to include the ability to use language, numbers, images, computers, and other basic means to understand, communicate, gain useful knowledge, solve mathematical problems and use the dominant symbol systems of a culture.” The earliest written communication was in 3500-3000 BCE, with the earliest alphabet being from 1200-750 BCE. Although the percentage of the world’s adult literacy rate is increasing each decade by ~5%, “…from 55.7 per cent in 1950 to 86.2 per cent in 2015,…” the total number of adults who are illiterate is increasing because of increased population. Universal, compulsory education is viewed as the mainstay of developed and developing nations to building a literate population. However there are many reasons that children, teenagers and adults may not succeed in a school including individual and family issues, the general social and community environment, and specific school issues. School failure is defined as grade retention (i.e. repeating a grade, 10% of Kindergarten-8th grade students), expulsion (0.2% of students) and dropping out of school (i.e. 16-24 year old not enrolled and do not have a general equivalency degree, 9% which is a decline but total number of students is increasing because of increased enrollment). Even students that graduate from high school may not be sufficiently l...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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DISCUSSION: The statistical results reflect a significant change in the information flow between different ROIs in ASD. A correlation of CS and behavioral domain suggests that the cognitive decline could be predicted from the connectivity patterns. Thus, CS could be a potential biomarker to identify cognitive status at a higher discrimination rate in ASD. PMID: 32628095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
This study investigated caregiver outcomes when a psychoeducation program for older people with dementia and caregivers is modified to extend practice in memory strategies. Moderation effects of increased memory strategy use were also explored. Fifty-six care dyads participated in the multicenter, randomized controlled trial comparing psychoeducation (active control) with psychoeducation and memory strategy practice (intervention). Primary outcome was memory strategy use; secondary outcome was caregiver emotional reactivity (burden, depression, and anxiety). Results showed memory strategy use significantly increased follow...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research
Authors: Zizzi CF, Pellicano R, Biancone L Abstract A number of studies has confirmed that the epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is changing worldwide, with a decrease especially in developed Countries. Nevertheless, since this Gram-negative bacterium infects almost 50% of the world's population, it remains a global problem. Beyond its role in the pathogenesis of the main gastroduodenal diseases, including gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric cancer, H. pylori has been suspected to be involved in several extra-gastroduodenal disorders. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) present gastric mucosal ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed an association between especially low Mg and Cr levels measured via ICP-MS and microvascular complications in patients with T2DM. PMID: 32623842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Endocrinologica - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Minerva Endocrinol Source Type: research
This study aimed to clarify the risk factors of head and neck cancer (HNC) mortality, relative to those of all-cause and all-cancer mortalities, using the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS) data set. Data from 238 HNC deaths, 14,769 all-cancer deaths, and 38,086 all-cause deaths were extracted during a median follow-up period of 9.5 years. Baseline characteristics were assessed via chi-square tests, t tests, and multivariable logistic regression. HNC mortality was found to be positively associated with male sex, past and current smoking habits, moderate-to-heavy alcohol consumptio...
Source: Journal of oral science - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 October 2020Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Volume 321Author(s): Nadtinan Promphet, Juan P. Hinestroza, Pranee Rattanawaleedirojn, Niphaphun Soatthiyanon, Krisana Siralertmukul, Pranut Potiyaraj, Nadnudda Rodthongkum
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Abstract Melioidosis, caused by the facultative intracellular gram-negative pathogen Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an emerging cause of community-acquired pneumonia across the tropics. The majority of patients present with pneumonia with or without sepsis, but localized and asymptomatic infection is also well recognized. Recent modeling and epidemiological studies have demonstrated the widespread presence of B. pseudomallei in otherwise unrecognized regions with a predicted mortality of 90,000 deaths worldwide. Innovative environmental studies are also uncovering how hydrodynamic, pedology, fauna, and weather even...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Semin Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
(Wiley) New research published in Clinical&Experimental Allergy found that, compared with a father's traits related to allergies and asthma, a mother's traits create a higher risk that a child will develop these same traits in early childhood.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news
Abstract Abnormal birth weight is the one of the major causes of adulthood diseases such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension. Accumulating evidence has suggested that the placental trophoblast is one of the most important reasons that influence birth weight. Our previous study showed that miR-519a are correlated with low fetal birth weight through regulating trophoblast proliferation. To further clarify the detailed mechanisms on how it is regulated, we screened the placental-specific circular RNAs (circRNAs) via microarray assay. The result identified that cir...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study revealed a high frequency of the NAT2 gene with slow acetylators (60.42%) in Al-Ahsa population, which might alter the drug's efficacy and vulnerability to some diseases. PMID: 32626768 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
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