What Causes School Failure?
Discussion “Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write. The modern term’s meaning has been expanded to include the ability to use language, numbers, images, computers, and other basic means to understand, communicate, gain useful knowledge, solve mathematical problems and use the dominant symbol systems of a culture.” The earliest written communication was in 3500-3000 BCE, with the earliest alphabet being from 1200-750 BCE. Although the percentage of the world’s adult literacy rate is increasing each decade by ~5%, “…from 55.7 per cent in 1950 to 86.2 per cent in 2015,…” the total number of adults who are illiterate is increasing because of increased population. Universal, compulsory education is viewed as the mainstay of developed and developing nations to building a literate population. However there are many reasons that children, teenagers and adults may not succeed in a school including individual and family issues, the general social and community environment, and specific school issues. School failure is defined as grade retention (i.e. repeating a grade, 10% of Kindergarten-8th grade students), expulsion (0.2% of students) and dropping out of school (i.e. 16-24 year old not enrolled and do not have a general equivalency degree, 9% which is a decline but total number of students is increasing because of increased enrollment). Even students that graduate from high school may not be sufficiently l...
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2018Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global HealthAuthor(s): Rahul Naresh Wasnik, Srujitha Marupuru, Zabiuddin Ahad Mohammed, Gabriel Sunil Rodrigues, Sonal SekharAbstractBackground/objectivesDiabetic foot infections (DFI) are common complications among diabetics. These wounds can cause discomfort and often become infected. In India, currently there is a paucity of data on patient adherence towards antibiotic use in DFIs. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, antimicrobial therapy and its adherence in DFI patients.MethodA prospective...
ConclusionsPoor acute phase perioperative glycemic control is associated with poor outcome, but differently in diabetic and non-diabetic patients suggesting different glycemic management strategies for the two patient groups.
Conclusions Hypoxic exercise training was particularly efficient at improving glucose tolerance and insulin response to a glucose challenge in adolescents with obesity. These results suggest that exercise training in hypoxia could be an interesting strategy against insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes development in adolescents with obesity.
Conclusions The current study suggests that the yips phenomenon might cover a broader range of different subtypes of movement disturbances than those already suggested in the literature. Finally, a theoretical model, which explains the role of the different triggering factors in the discrimination of the different subtypes, is suggested. A better classification and understanding of the different subtypes of yips could lead to a more accurate diagnosis and to the design of more individualized treatment intervention.
Conclusion These data provide epidemiological evidence that meeting physical activity guidelines or being fit reduces the risk of developing glaucoma.
Conclusions Decreased handgrip strength was associated with increased odds for each ADL limitation, and in turn, most individual ADL impairments were associated with a higher hazard for mortality in older adults. These findings provide insights into the disabling process by identifying which ADL limitations are most impacted by decreased handgrip strength and the subsequent time to mortality for each ADL disability.
Anxiety is a common symptom of menopause but it can often be overlooked. Dr Meg Arroll, a psychologist and women's health expert, reveals ways to tackle anxiety during this time.
(Reuters Health) - For people with diabetes, the chance of developing eye damage that can lead to blindness may depend on how many hours per day they can keep their blood sugar levels under control, a Chinese study suggests.
BACK pain could be prevented by watching your diet, or by swapping your sleep position. You could also lower your risk of lower back pain symptoms by adding more of this cheap vegetable to your daily routine.
Publication date: 1 February 2019Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 138Author(s): Angela Book, Beth A. Visser, Anthony Volk, Ronald R. Holden, Madeleine T. D'AgataAbstractResearch separates aggression into proactive (predatory) and reactive (provoked). Another response to provocation is revenge, which is generally viewed as a more premeditated response. We predicted that revenge would be predicted by different personality traits than reactive aggression, particularly the trait of Emotionality. As expected, Emotionality was negatively related to revenge, but positively correlated with reactive aggression...
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