The Most Damaging Myths about Motherhood

You should be able to get pregnant right away. It’s what women’s bodies are designed to do. You should love being pregnant—or at least embrace it. After all, you’re growing a child! Pregnancy is when you get to enjoy all those feel-good hormones flowing through your body—and after you give birth, you should be thrilled to hold that baby in your arms. You’re supposed to instinctively bond with your newborn, and know exactly what they need. There’s a right way to give birth—and it doesn’t involve an epidural or a hospital. Myths about motherhood are so powerful, so prevalent and so salient that they start well before we even become moms, according to Emma Basch, Psy.D, a psychologist who specializes in treating postpartum depression and other perinatal mood and anxiety disorders in Washington, D.C. And these myths show up everywhere. We hear them from well-meaning loved ones and strangers. We see them on social media. We come across them in clever headlines on all sorts of sites, inside all sorts of publications. And we consume these myths, and we assume them as our own beliefs. And we inevitably feel terrible, inadequate and lacking when we don’t act accordingly. We inevitably feel like we’re deeply, deeply flawed, and we’re missing some significant maternal gene. We also don’t try to dispute them. Which means we don’t see facts like—10 percent of women in the U.S. have difficulty getting...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens Family Friends General Happiness Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Self-Esteem Self-Help Stress Women's Issues Motherhood Pregnancy Stigma Source Type: blogs

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The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the validity and accuracy of the Whooley questions for routine screening of maternal distress in Dutch antenatal care. Design/methodology/approach In this cohort design, the authors evaluated self-reported responses to the Whooley questions against the Edinburgh Depression Scale screening for antenatal depression, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for general anxiety and the pregnancy-related anxiety questionnaire-revised screening for pregnancy-related anxiety, among Dutch pregnant women during th...
Source: The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Abstract The impacts of prenatal propofol on cognition and emotion of offspring remain elusive. In the present study, pregnant rats in the second trimester were anesthetized with propofol. Neuronal apoptosis and proliferation was determined in fetuses and postnatal rats by detecting caspase-3 and BrdU expression. The offspring were subjected to several behavior tests. Then the pyramidal neurons in hippocampus and the expression of NR1, NR2A, and NR2B subunits of NMDA receptor and PSD-95 in frontal cortex were examined. Propofol exposure significantly increased the number of caspase-3+ cells in lateral ganglionic e...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Brendan P. McDonnell, Sheila Keogan, Luke Clancy, Carmen ReganAbstractObjectiveMaternal cigarette smoking is a recognised risk factor for maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and remains a significant problem in the Irish maternity system. Approximately 11% of Irish women will continue to smoke in pregnancy, despite awareness of the negative impact on their pregnancy. Although recommendations exist for the management of pregnant smokers, information on the antenatal care of Iris...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionThis program was evaluated positively. The AALS, PTGI ‐J, EPDS, and STAI showed significant change after the program and the AALS, PTGI‐J, and STAI‐J showed significant correlations with the CNSS.
Source: Japan Journal of Nursing Science - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): N. Di Biase, S. Balducci, C. Lencioni, A. Bertolotto, A. Tumminia, A.R. Dodesini, B. Pintaudi, T. Marcone, E. Vitacolonna, A. NapoliAbstractThe aim of this review is to provide general suggestions about physical activity (PA) in pre-gestational and gestational diabetes (GDM) and encourage women to take part in safe and effective activities throughout pregnancy, in the absence of other contraindications. Physical activity before, during pregnancy and postpartum has many positive effects on the mother as it c...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Identifying characteristics of individuals at greatest risk for prolonged grief disorder (PGD) can improve its detection and elucidate the etiology of the disorder. The Safe Passage Study, a study of women at high risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), prospectively examined the psychosocial functioning of women while monitoring their healthy pregnancies. Mothers whose infants died of SIDS were followed in bereavement. METHODS: Pre-loss data were collected from 12 000 pregnant mothers and analyzed for their associations with grief symptoms and PGD in 50 mothers whose infants died f...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Women with perinatal distress were more likely to use an epidural than non-distressed women. The use of an epidural might help them manage pain and uncertainties related to childbirth. Women who were dissatisfied in their partner relationship may be more likely to undergo induction of childbirth, episiotomy and/or vacuum extraction. IMPLICATION FOR PRACTICE: Midwives need to acknowledge the possible association of distress and use of an epidural during childbirth and screen for distress early in pregnancy. It is important to offer counselling and help during pregnancy for expectant parents who are distres...
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal exercise reduced the odds and severity of prenatal depression. PMID: 30337464 [PubMed - in process]
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: Br J Sports Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This literature research substantiates the fetal programming hypothesis in which prenatal maternal psychological stress (anxiety, depression and subjectively experienced stress) influences the development of affective disorders in the growing child. PMID: 30328596 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Although personality as well as anxiety and depression are recognized as predictors for breastfeeding initiation, evidence of an association of these factors with 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) is sparse. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations of personality and symptoms of anxiety and depression during and after pregnancy with meeting the WHO recommendation of 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: In their first trimester of pregnancy, 5784 pregnant women were enrolled in Dutch primary obs...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
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