A comparison of two measures to screen for emotional health difficulties during pregnancy.

CONCLUSION: The MGMQ is a useful tool to aid in screening for a wide range of emotional difficulties in the perinatal period. PMID: 30048160 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Although personality as well as anxiety and depression are recognized as predictors for breastfeeding initiation, evidence of an association of these factors with 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) is sparse. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations of personality and symptoms of anxiety and depression during and after pregnancy with meeting the WHO recommendation of 6 months' exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: In their first trimester of pregnancy, 5784 pregnant women were enrolled in Dutch primary obs...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Psychiatric assessment of women who scored 13 or more on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale at routine antenatal screening identified a significant number with borderline personality disorder or borderline personality traits rather than depressive or anxiety disorders. Clinical Practice Guidelines note the importance of further assessment for all women who score 13 or more on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. The findings here suggest that this assessment should be made by a clinician able to identify personality pathology and organise appropriate and timely interventions. PMID: 30309241 [Pub...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results of the study indicate that diaphragmatic breathing exercises appear to provide positive effects on psychological state and may increase levels of maternal-foetal attachment.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Nakić Radoš S, Tadinac M, Herman R Abstract Previous findings on peripartum anxiety are inconsistent in respect to the prevalence and course of peripartum anxiety with comorbidity of depression. Our aim was threefold: (1) to examine the course of elevated anxiety during pregnancy, immediately after childbirth, and six weeks postpartum; (2) to establish comorbidity of postpartum anxiety and postpartum depression (PPD); and (3) to examine predictors of anxiety 6 weeks postpartum. A sample of women (N=272) who were below the cut-off score for clinical depression during pregnancy were assessed in the t...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
During pregnancy, approximately one in five women experience clinically significant symptoms of anxiety and depression, and one in six meet diagnostic criteria for an anxiety and/or major depressive disorder (MDD; Becker, Weinberger, Chandy and Schmukler, 2016; Dennis, Falah-Hassani and Shiri, 2017). Antenatal anxiety and depression are robust predictors of postpartum depression (Austin, Tully and Parker, 2007; Milgrom et al., 2008), and if left untreated, are associated with a range of adverse outcomes for both the mother and infant (e.g., reduced antenatal care; increased risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and late...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Depression and Anxiety, EarlyView.
Source: Depression and Anxiety - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
This article argues that the theory of mentalization helps to explain why some parents successfully resolve this central challenge during pregnancies after loss and go on to develop a secure attachment to the next infant, whereas others continue to experience long-term attachment problems. Specifically, pregnancies after loss are conceptualized as a potentially traumatic experience in which mentalization may decrease and, at the same time, serve as a protective factor against attachment problems with infants born after loss due to unresolved trauma and grief. Several aspects of mentalization, including the capacity to ment...
Source: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Depression and anxiety during the third trimester of pregnancy may affect early brain development, reports astudy published today inJAMA Pediatrics. The study suggests that the intensity of maternal depressive and/or anxious symptoms influences the density of the infants ’ white matter—bundles of nerve fibers that connect various brain regions.“Maternal depression and anxiety are known to adversely affect child behavioral and emotional outcomes,” wrote Douglas Dean III, Ph.D., of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and colleagues. “[O]ur findings show that neural pathways may differ in these c...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: brain development Douglas C. Dean III JAMA Pediatrics maternal anxiety maternal depression newborn white matter Source Type: research
This cross-sectional study investigates the prevalence and risks for psychiatric diagnoses in a large cohort of children with Chiari malformation type 1 (CM1) presenting for neurosurgical evaluation. Children between the ages of 6 and 17 years who were evaluated and diagnosed with CM1 at a neurosurgery clinic were identified. Eighty-six participants were recruited for this study with an average age of 11 years. Parents of participants completed a pediatric medical history questionnaire and a semistructured interview regarding the child ’s psychiatric, developmental, medical, and family history. A review of medical re...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that common predictors of PPD including anxiety, experiencing stressful life events during pregnancy, having low levels of social support, and a previous history of depression were consistent among non-Aboriginal women. However, with the exception of the number of stressful events among First Nations offreserve, these were not associated with PPD among Aboriginal women. This information can be used to further increase awareness of mental health indicators among Aboriginal women. PMID: 30129714 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research
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