Maternal Prenatal Depression, Anxiety Affects Child Development, Particularly in Poorer Families

Children of mothers who experienced depression and/or anxiety during pregnancy are more likely to have behavioral difficulties throughout childhood, according to ameta-analysis in theJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The association between prenatal depression and the children ’s behavioral problems was found to be higher in economically disadvantaged families.“Preventive interventions in pregnancy may be particularly appropriate for mothers presenting with depression and/or those burdened by demographic risk,” wrote Sheri Madigan, Ph.D., of the University of Calgary and colleagues.Madigan and colleagues searched the English-language literature for studies in which maternal depression and/or anxiety was measured during pregnancy and offspring outcomes were collected prior to the age of 18 years. For the purposes of the analysis, child socio-emotional development was defined to include social and emotional competence (such as understanding and selecting appropriate social or emotional responses), temperament (including fussiness or negative affectivity), behavioral problems, and crying or colic. The researchers analyzed 73 studies.They found that for mothers experiencing prenatal depression and anxiety, the odds of having children with behavioral difficulties were almost 1.5 to 2 times greater than those not experiencing prenatal depression or anxiety. Additional analysis revealed that children born to mothers with prenatal d...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anxiety child social and emotional development JAACAP maternal depression meta-analysis Sheri Madigan Source Type: research

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Authors: Smorti M, Ponti L, Tani F Abstract Maternal symptomatology during pregnancy represents a significant risk factor for women and children. The main focus of this paper is to jointly investigate the role of maternal depression and anxiety during pregnancy on the well-being of the newborn, through their influences on the clinical aspects of labour. A longitudinal study was conducted on 167 pregnant women (Mage=32.07, SD = 4.50) recruited in the third trimester of gestation. The data was collected at two different times: the socio-demographical data and prenatal anxiety and depression were assesse...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a technology-based supportive educational parenting program (SEPP) on parenting outcomes during the perinatal period in couples. Methods: A randomized, single-blinded, parallel-armed, controlled trial was conducted. The study recruited 236 parents (118 couples) from an antenatal clinic of a tertiary hospital in Singapore. Eligible parents were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n=118) or the control group (n=118). The SEPP is based on Bandura’s self-efficacy theory and Bowlby’s theory of attachment. Components of the intervention include 2 telephone-bas...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conditions:   Post Partum Depression;   Perinatal Depression;   Post Partum Anxiety;   Perinatal Anxiety Interventions:   Diagnostic Test: Initial Screening at Enrollment (14-20 weeks pregnant);   Diagnostic Test: Pregnancy Planning Visit;   Behavioral: Group Intervention: ACT Session;   Behavioral: Group Intervention: Psychoeducation Session;   Diagnostic Test: Follow Up Assessments: 34-36 weeks pregna nt and 6-week postpartum;   Diagnostic Test: Follow Up Assessments: 3 and 6 months post-intervention Sp...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
We aimed to investigate the association of maternal mental health, including depression, anxiety, and quality of life, with allergic features during pregnancy.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The Brazilian version is reliable and valid for use in the diagnosis of anxiety related to the performance of ultrasound procedures in prenatal care. Due to the lack of correlation with the rest of the construct, it is suggested that item 2 be removed from the final version.RESUMO OBJETIVO: Proceder à adaptação transcultural do questionário Prenatal Diagnostic Procedures Anxiety Scale para aplicação no contexto cultural brasileiro. MÉTODOS: Os processos de tradução e retrotradução seguiram critérios aceitos internacionalmente. ...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract Postpartum depression (PPD) is common, disabling, and treatable. The strongest risk factor is a history of mood or anxiety disorder, especially having active symptoms during pregnancy. As PPD is one of the most common complications of childbirth, it is vital to identify best treatments for optimal maternal, infant, and family outcomes. New understanding of PPD pathophysiology and emerging therapeutics offer the potential for new ways to add to current medications, somatic treatments, and evidence-based psychotherapy. The benefits and potential harms of treatment, including during breastfeeding, are presen...
Source: Annual Review of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Med Source Type: research
The primary purpose of this study was to compare two versions of The Young Parenthood Program (YPP; Florsheim et al. 2012), which is a co-parenting counseling program for expectant adolescent mothers and fathers. Targeted outcomes included: (1) improving co-parenting relationship skills; (2) preventing intimate partner violence; and (3) reducing maternal stress/anxiety/depression across the transition to parenthood. The fundamental premise of the model is that if at-risk couples are taught positive communication skills during their pregnancy, they will function better as co-parents and have more positive adjustments to parenthood.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Moderately elevated preconception tHcy may increase the risk of psychological problems in offspring during childhood. These findings add to the evidence that maternal nutritional status, even before being pregnant, can affect later offspring health and may be important to consider when developing future public health policy. PMID: 30636652 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
Maternal depression and anxiety have distinct constellations of symptom trajectories, which are associated with factors that may vary between different groups of women. The aim of this study was to identify su...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
This study is a secondary data analysis of 197 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies who were part of a larger study of the effects of maternal mood on fetal and infant development. About 34% of women reported exclusively breastfeeding, 18% reported exclusively formula feeding, and 48% reported mixed feeding. Participants reported on perceived stress, perinatal anxiety and depression, and socioeconomic status during pregnancy. They provided salivary cortisol samples at three times a day for 3 days at 24, 30, and 36 weeks' gestation. Participants who reported lower socioeconomic status in pregnancy were less likely to b...
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
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