A Case of Optic Neuritis Secondary to Lyme Disease.

CONCLUSION: We report this case to increase awareness among clinicians to include Lyme disease in the differential diagnosis of optic neuritis for unexplained cases of vision loss, particularly in Lyme endemic areas. PMID: 30048578 [PubMed - in process]
Source: WMJ - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: WMJ Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Anam Hasan, Mohammad AfzalAbstractLast decade of molecular research in the field of cognitive science has shown that no single approach can give satisfactory results as far as gene hunt is concerned. Cohesive theory of gene-environment interaction seems to be a rational idea for bridging the gap in our knowledge of disorders involving cognitive deficit. It may even be helpful to some extent in resolving issues of missing heritability. We review the current state of play in the area of cognition at genetic and environmen...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the molecular phylogeny and phylogeography of Sodreana to clarify the species relationships and to make inferences about the historical biogeography of the southern Atlantic Forest. We applied coalescent-based phylogenetic analyses using one mitochondrial and three nuclear markers coupled with an ecological niche modeling approach to verify relationships among species, date the main divergence events in the genus, and make inferences concerning possible changes in the geographical distribution and population dynamics from the past. Our results supported the validity of most Sodreana species a...
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and BiologyAuthor(s): Halef Okan Do─čan, Özlem Kayim YildizAbstractBackgroundOverproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and impaired iron metabolism are considered to be possible factors in the pathogenesis of Multiple sclerosis (MS). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases are the primary sources of regulated ROS production. The NADPH oxidase (NOX) family consists of seven catalytic homologues, NOX1–5 and two dual oxidases. NOX1 and NOX5 are associated with endothelial dysfunction and inflammati...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThailand over the years 2002 to 2011 conducted extensive MDA with high coverage rates. Through periodic and regular monitoring surveys it delineated LF transmission areas at sub-village level and demonstrated through its evaluation surveys – the Stop-MDA surveys and TAS, below transmission threshold rates that enabled its validation of LF elimination. In September 2017, World Health Organization acknowledged the Ministry of Health Thailand had eliminated lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsMalaria and LF transmission appear absent or extremely low in Dominicanbateyes, which are a mixture of Haitian and Dominican residents. Travel to Haiti is rare, meaning risk of malaria and LF importation is low. Addressing identified gaps in intervention coverage, malaria knowledge, treatment seeking and service delivery will improve the quality of surveillance for these diseases, particularly among marginalized populations and promote island-wide elimination.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractThe genetic variant rs72824905-G (minor allele) in thePLCG2 gene was previously associated with a reduced Alzheimer ’s disease risk (AD). The role ofPLCG2 in immune system signaling suggests it may also protect against other neurodegenerative diseases and possibly associates with longevity. We studied the effect of the rs72824905-G on seven neurodegenerative diseases and longevity, using 53,627 patients, 3,516 long-lived individuals and 149,290 study-matched controls. We replicated the association of rs72824905-G with reduced AD risk and we found an association with reduced risk of dementia with Lewy bodies (...
Source: Acta Neuropathologica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionSurveillance of children not immunized against hepatitis B virus prevents infection and its complications, such as hepatocellular carcinoma. Among children in endemic countries prone to development of hepatocellular carcinoma, metastatic disease can present as sudden weakness of extremities with radiologic findings of vertebral body collapse.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we found that cofilin competes with tau for direct microtubule binding in vitro, in cells, and in vivo, which inhibits tau-induced microtubule assembly. Genetic reduction of cofilin mitigates tauopathy and synaptic defects in Tau-P301S mice and movement deficits in tau transgenic C. elegans. The pathogenic effects of cofilin are selectively mediated by activated cofilin, as active but not inactive cofilin selectively interacts with tubulin, destabilizes microtubules, and promotes tauopathy. These results therefore indicate that activated cofilin plays an essential intermediary role in neurotoxic signaling th...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Géraldine Buard, Jonathan Giovannelli, Olivier Outteryck, Nawal Hadhoum, Julien Lannoy, Patrick Vermersch, Hélène Zéphir
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
LYME disease is a relatively unknown condition with an estimated 2,000 to 3,000 new cases each year in England and Wales. For an unknown disease however, anyone can develop the condition as its caught by a tick. This major symptom could mean you might have Lyme disease. Do you have it?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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