Risks of opioid abuse among uninsured primary care patients utilizing a free clinic - Kamimura A, Panahi S, Rathi N, Weaver S, Pye M, Sin K, Ashby J.

The annual number of opioid prescriptions for pain relief has been increasing in the United States. This increase has raised concerns about prescription opioid abuse and overdose. The purpose of this study was to examine opioid risks (risk factors that inc...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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ConclusionsA web-based intervention increased opioid overdose knowledge and decreased overdose risk behavior immediately and at a one-month follow-up, suggesting that this brief, practical, and scalable program could have utility in several populations who are at-risk of opioid overdose.
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Votaw VR, McHugh RK, Witkiewitz K Abstract INTRODUCTION: Among those who misuse prescription opioids, alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with progression to opioid use disorder, risk of overdose, and poor treatment outcomes. However, little is known about co-occurring AUD and prescription opioid misuse. Motives, or reasons, for substance use are important factors in substance use initiation and maintenance; characterizing common motives can help inform treatment targets. The aims of the present study were to (1) identify patterns of motives for prescription opioid misuse, and (2) examine the associat...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Ready to Get Clean from Heroin and Opioids? Opioids are an extremely addictive medication, so it is no surprise that opioid addiction and overdoses are on the rise. As opioids become more expensive and difficult to obtain, many people turn to heroin in order to fulfill their needs. The more opioids someone takes, the more their body requires in order to feel the euphoric effects. This tolerance building can quickly snowball to dependency and eventual addiction. You probably realize that your heroin and opioid use is out of control and your body’s need for it is too great to handle alone. The only answer to stopping t...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Drug Treatment Heroin Substance Abuse detox medical detox opiate opiate abuse opiate addiction opiates opioid opioids Source Type: blogs
Moira van Staaden* and Robert Huber* J.P. Scott Center for Neuroscience, Mind &Behavior, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, United States Editorial on the Research Topic Invertebrate Models of Natural and Drug-Sensitive Reward The relationship between insects and humans is a complex one, characterized biotically as commensalism, mutualism, or parasitism. This collection of papers reveals yet another dimension, in which shared history invests invertebrate models with the power to interrogate critical challenges to the human reward system. As humans we take pride in approaching a gi...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
What is Clonidine? Originally developed as a nasal decongestant, Clonidine has been found to work very well for patients experiencing withdrawal symptoms from opiates. According to the JamaNetwork, Clonidine produces a rapid and statistically significant decrease in opiate withdrawal signs and symptoms. Clonidine administration for 14 days enabled all patients to be successfully detoxified from chronic opiate administration. In all patients studied, clonidine was a safe and effective non-opiate treatment of opiate withdrawal that suppressed the effect, signs, and symptoms of opiate withdrawal. Withdrawal Symptoms When some...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Anxiety Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates Drug Rehab Information Drug Treatment Substance Abuse drug detox medicated-assisted detox opiate abuse opiate addiction opioid opioids prescriptio Source Type: blogs
BACKGROUND: In Canada, the rise in prescription opioid (PO) overdoses and addiction is a major public health concern. Various health authorities have recently recommended that physicians use caution when prescribing opioids, especially to people with histo...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Conclusions The treatment used for PD, particularly DA, is associated with the development of ICDs and related behaviors. Susceptibility to these disorders depends on the associated risk factors. ICDs can have serious personal, family, psychosocial, financial, and medical consequences. However, in contrast, artistic activities have been described in patients with PD while undergoing treatment with DA. These patients are compulsive but report a positive influence on quality of life. These findings highlight the need for a very critical approach at the moment of Dopaminergic Replacement therapy choice. Author Contributio...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Lost in all of the media frenzy over the Mueller Report, redactions, and alleged improprieties within the Department of Justice and FBI, was Attorney General William Barr telling the Senate Appropriations Committee yesterday that  he favors a more federalist approach to marijuana laws.In response to a question from Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), Barr said that allowing the states to set their own marijuana policy and removing the federal government from the matter would be an improvement over the present situation, which he called an “intolerable” conflict between state and federal laws. Senator Murko...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
This study indicated that switch from H2 blockers to PPIs reduced delirium and, thus, providing an appropriate strategy to combat drug-induced delirium using antiulcer drugs (Fujii et al., 2012). The ventrolateral preoptic nucleus is a sleep-promoting nucleus located in the basal forebrain. A commonly used intravenous anesthetic, propofol, had been reported to induce sleep and augment the firing rate of neurons in ventrolateral GABAergic preoptic nucleus, but the underlining mechanism is yet to be clearly determined. Interestingly, the propofol-induced inhibition of inhibitory postsynaptic currents on noradrenalin-inhibite...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Ryan R. Kelly1,2†, Lindsay T. McDonald1,2†, Nathaniel R. Jensen1,2, Sara J. Sidles1,2 and Amanda C. LaRue1,2* 1Research Services, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, United States 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States The significant biochemical and physiological effects of psychological stress are beginning to be recognized as exacerbating common diseases, including osteoporosis. This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for os...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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