Activation of elbow extensors during passive stretch of flexors in patients with post-stroke spasticity

Spasticity affects up to 40% of individuals after stroke (Wissel et al., 2013). The most widely accepted definition of spasticity describes it as one component of a complex motor system disorder characterized by a velocity-dependent increase in stretch reflex excitability associated with exaggerated tendon jerks (Lance, 1980).
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research

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We examined the effect of RD on early brain injury (EBI) and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) as a primary endpoint, and also explored the effect on cerebral vasospasm (CVS) as a secondary endpoint. Although RD did not exert significant effects on primary endpoint, RD signi ficantly prevented CVS and reduced SAH-induced increases in the number of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-positive endothelial cells, cyclooxygenase-2 expression, and macrophage infiltration in major cerebral arteries. Moreover, RD significantly decreased the areas display ing dopamine β-hydroxylase and glial fibrillary ac...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur patient developed locked-in syndrome after use of cocaine. Given the prevalence of its use in the United States, cocaine use should be included among the potential causes of locked-in syndrome.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive therapy for dysphagia is effective and can reduce serious complications of swallowing disorders in clinical practice. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The results of this study could improve the clinical treatment of dysphagia. PMID: 31724147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurol Neurochir Pol Source Type: research
Condition:   Stroke Interventions:   Other: Physiotherapy including Vestibular rehabilitation;   Other: conventional Physiotherapy Sponsor:   Prof. Dan Justo Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Dr Christoph Diener on interesting new results in stroke, epilepsy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and more.Medscape Neurology
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Commentary Source Type: news
In conclusion, the daily intake of chungkookjang fermented with B. amyloliquefaciens improved the gut microbiome, increased blood flow to the brain, suppressed systemic inflammation, and may reduce the susceptibility to injury from ischemic stroke in gerbils subjected to ischemic injury.Graphical abstract
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
By Sandee LaMotte, CNN (CNN) — Want to push through that workout? Go ahead and drop an F-bomb. Studies show people on bikes who swore while pedaling against resistance had more power and strength than people who used “neutral” words. Research also found that people who cursed while squeezing a hand vice were able to squeeze harder and longer. And swearing doesn’t just help your endurance: If you pinch your finger in the car door, you may well feel less pain if you say ‘s**t” instead of “shoot.” Another study found people who cursed as they plunged their ha...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Offbeat CNN Source Type: news
Abstract Purinergic signaling was proposed in 1972, after it was demonstrated that adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) was a transmitter in nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory nerves supplying the guinea-pig taenia coli. Later, ATP was identified as an excitatory cotransmitter in sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, and it is now apparent that ATP acts as a cotransmitter in most, if not all, nerves in both the peripheral nervous system and central nervous system (CNS). ATP acts as a short-term signaling molecule in neurotransmission, neuromodulation, and neurosecretion. It also has potent, long-term (trophic) ...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Our world has never witnessed a time of greater promise for improving human health. Many of today’s health advances have stemmed from a long arc of discovery that begins with strong, steady support for basic science. In large part because of fundamental research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which traces its roots to 1887, Americans are living longer, healthier lives. Life expectancy for a baby born in the U.S. has risen from 47 years in 1900 to more than 78 years today. Among the advances that have helped to make this possible are a 70% decline in the U.S. death rate from cardiovascular disease ...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Healthcare medicine Source Type: news
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