Six Ways Artificial Intelligence Is Impacting Patients

It ’s difficult to open a newspaper nowadays without seeing an article about artificial intelligence. These column-inches spark our imaginations with heady visions of possible futures and crease our brows with concern in equal measure. But one thing you cannot escape is that AI is here now and it’s only going to become more pervasive.While fear of an unknown technology is understandable, in many ways it does a disservice to the incredible impact that AI is already having on the world around us. In the healthcare space alone, it is offering ways to fundamentally rethink clinical practice, speeding up diagnosis, driving patient support programs and aiding drug discovery.In only five years, more than 200 venture capital and private equity deals to fund research into the use of AI in healthcare have been signed. Governments are equally interested; the UK Prime Minister Theresa May recently promised to revolutionize the NHS by deploying AI and smart technology to diagnose cancer earlier, aiming to save 20,000 lives a year.“2018 seems to be the year that AI is really accelerating on the high curve,” says AJ Triano, SVP of Engagement Strategy at GSW, a Syneos Health company. “But it’s also accelerating on the practical applicability.”Triano describes AI as a “broad term for a collection of technologies that consume or utilize data”. This includes natural language processing (NLP) – where AI can hear and make sense of conver...
Source: EyeForPharma - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news

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Authors: Kim YH, Hwang E, Lee HS, Uh JH, Kim MS, Jeon BH Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2018.8480.]. PMID: 30881516 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Jin Q, Zhou J, Xu X, Huang F, Xu W Abstract The majority of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations inevitably progress in stage despite an initial substantial and rapid response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Previous research indicates that hypoxia may be associated with resistance to EGFR-TKIs in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Therefore, the present study regulated the activity of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway to observe if it is able to alter the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to gefitini...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Kang M, Li Y, Zhu S, Zhang S, Guo S, Li P Abstract In recent years, microRNA-193b (miR-193b) is regarded as a tumor suppressor in the development and progression of various cancers. Several studies have indicated that KRAS could be regulated by miR-193b in pancreatic cancer cells. However, the function of miR-193b in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma has not been explored intensively thus far. Herein, the relationship between miR-193b and KRAS was mainly explored in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells. In the present study, the expression levels of miR-193b and KRAS were assessed in both human ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Liu S, Dong H, Wu J, Wang C Abstract The histone methyltransferase SET8 is regulated by microRNA-502 through the binding site in its 3'-untranslated region, and the rs16917496 polymorphism at the miR-502-binding site in the SET8 gene has been implicated in a number of cancer types. The rs16917496 polymorphism including CC, CT and TT genotypes was analyzed in patients with colorectal cancer; the CC genotype was identified to be independently associated with longer post-operative survival times using multivariate analysis (relative risk, 2.406; 95% confidence interval, 1.017-5.691; P=0.046). In addition, dec...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Kakimoto T, Matsumine A, Kageyama S, Asanuma K, Matsubara T, Nakamura T, Iino T, Ikeda H, Shiku H, Sudo A Abstract The aim of the present study was to explore the expression of the cancer testis antigens New York-esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (NY-ESO)-1 and melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE)-A4 in high-grade soft-tissue sarcoma and to evaluate their association with the standard clinical-pathological features of surgically treated high-grade sarcoma patients. The study included 82 patients, and NY-ESO-1 and MAGE-A4 antigen expression was analyzed immunohistochemically. The results revealed NY-ESO-1- a...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Fujikawa H, Toiyama Y, Inoue Y, Omura Y, Ide S, Kitajima T, Yasuda H, Okugawa Y, Okita Y, Yoshiyama S, Hiro J, Kobayashi M, Ohi M, Araki T, Kusunoki M Abstract The present study designed a novel preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with sequential oxaliplatin and irinotecan with S-1 for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). This phase I study evaluated the maximum tolerated dose and recommended dose (RD) of oxaliplatin following irinotecan with S-1. Patients with clinical stage T3 or 4 or involvement of the regional nodes and no evidence of distant metastases were treated with fixed doses of S-1 (80 mg/m2...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Dai M, Li L, Qin X Abstract The present study aimed to systematically analyze the value of microRNA-122 (miRNA-122) in the diagnosis and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and other types of cancer. First, the reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction method was used to detect the expression levels of miRNA-122 in the serum samples of patients with HCC, benign lesions and healthy volunteers. Next, miRNA-seq data of miRNA-122 from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were used to analyze the differential expression and overall survival rate associated with a variety of types of cance...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Naito S, Ichiyanagi O, Ito H, Kabasawa T, Kanno H, Narisawa T, Fukuhara H, Yagi M, Kurota Y, Yamagishi A, Sakurai T, Nishida H, Kawazoe H, Yamanobe T, Kato T, Makhov P, Kolenko VM, Yamakawa M, Tsuchiya N Abstract Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4EBP1) is phosphorylated and activated by mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1, which serves as a regulator of cell growth, cell survival, metastasis and angiogenesis in many types of cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of phosphorylated 4EBP1 (p4EBP1) in primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as a biomarker in metast...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Buck E, Sprick M, Gaida MM, Grüllich C, Weber TF, Herpel E, Bruckner T, Koschny R Abstract Recently, a tumor-autonomous cytochrome P450 (CYP)-3A5-mediated resistance to cancer therapy has been demonstrated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Expression of CYP3A5, which is involved in the degradation of irinotecan, has also been reported in colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the present study was to analyze CYP3A5 expression in the normal colon, colon adenoma, CRC and normal tissues, as well as to examine whether CYP3A5 expression in CRC has an impact on tumor response to irinotecan treatment. Immuno...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wen L, Zhang X, Bian J, Han L, Huang H, He M, Wei M, Wang P Abstract Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) may serve an important role in cancer development and may also be suitable for use as prognostic biomarkers. At present, the role of lncRNAs in bladder cancer remains unclear. The present study examined the potential involvement of lncRNA LINC00460 in bladder urothelial carcinoma using data from The Caner Genome Atlas (TCGA) and cell line experiments. The results indicated that LINC00460 expression levels were increased in bladder urothelial carcinoma tissues and bladder cancer 5637 and T24 cell lines compar...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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